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International Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 2012, Article ID 645678, 10 pages
Review Article

Hemangiomas and Vascular Malformations: Current Theory and Management

Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Arkansas Children's Hospital, 1 Children's Way, Little Rock, AR 72202, USA

Received 2 August 2011; Revised 17 November 2011; Accepted 17 January 2012

Academic Editor: Ajoy M. Varghese

Copyright © 2012 Gresham T. Richter and Adva B. Friedman. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Vascular anomalies are a heterogeneous group of congenital blood vessel disorders more typically referred to as birthmarks. Subcategorized into vascular tumors and malformations, each anomaly is characterized by specific morphology, pathophysiology, clinical behavior, and management approach. Hemangiomas are the most common vascular tumor. Lymphatic, capillary, venous, and arteriovenous malformations make up the majority of vascular malformations. This paper reviews current theory and practice in the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of these more common vascular anomalies.