International Journal of Pediatrics / 2018 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Knowledge Level and Determinants of Neonatal Jaundice: A Cross-Sectional Study in the Effutu Municipality of Ghana

Table 2

Clinical, haematological, and obstetric history of study participants stratified by jaundice status.

ParameterTotalNNJNo NNJ value

Gravidity0.816
Primigravida70 (46.7)45 (45.0)25 (50.0)
Secundigravida43 (28.7)29 (29.0)14 (28.0)
Multigravida37 (24.7)26 (26.0)11 (22.0)
Parity0.737
Nulliparous83 (55.3)55 (55.0)28 (56.0)
Primiparous29 (19.3)18 (18.0)11 (22.0)
Multipara38 (25.3)27 (27.0)11 (22.0)
Vaginal bleeding0.637
No126 (84.0)83 (83.0)43 (43.0)
Yes24 (16.0)17 (17.0)7 (14.0)
Mode of delivery0.110
NVD94 (62.7)57 (57.0)37 (74.0)
NVDA30 (20.0)24 (24.0)6 (12.0)
CS26 (17.3)19 (19.0)7 (14.0)
Duration of labour0.023
Normal95 (63.3)57 (57.0)38 (76.0)
Prolonged55 (36.7)43 (43.0)12 (24.0)
ANC
No5 (3.3)4 (4.0)1 (2.0)
Yes145 (96.7)96 (96.0)49 (98.0)
Place of ANC0.318
Clinic24 (16.1)17 (17.0)7 (14.3)
Hospital121 (81.2)79 (79.0)42 (85.7)
Suckling0.305
No13 (8.7)7 (7.0)6 (12.0)
Yes137 (91.3)93 (93.0)44 (88.0)
Traditional medicine0.134
No129 (86.0)89 (89.0)40 (80.0)
Yes21 (14.0)11 (11.0)10 (20.0)
Mother’s sickling status0.553
Negative122 (81.3)80 (80.0)42 (84.0)
Positive28 (18.7)20 (20.0)8 (16.0)
Mother’s G6PD status0.115
Normal126 (84.0)80 (80.0)46 (92.0)
PD12 (8.0)11 (11.0)1 (2.0)
FD12 (8.0)9 (9.0)3 (6.0)
Birth weight0.041
Low43 (28.7)34 (34.0)9 (18.0)
Normal107 (71.3)66 (66.0)41 (82.0)
Birth weight0.210
Gestation0.226

NVD: normal vaginal delivery; NVDA: normal vaginal delivery with aid; CS: caesarian section; ANC: antenatal care; PD: partial enzyme defect; FD: full enzyme defect.

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