International Journal of Pediatrics / 2018 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Vitamin D Status and Associated Factors in Neonates in a Resource Constrained Setting

Table 2

Factors associated with vitamin d status.

FactorVitamin D StatusTotal (%)p value
Sufficient(n = 34) (20.0%)Deficient(n = 136) (80.0%)

Sex
 Male22 (25.0)66 (75.0)88
 Female12 (14.6)70 (85.4)820.124
Gestational Age, weeks
 < 3714 (22.6)48 (77.4)62
 37 – 4220 (18.5)88 (81.5)1080.554
Birth Weight, grams
 < 25008 (19.0)34 (81.0)42
 ≥ 250026 (20.3)102 (79.7)1281.000
Parity
 Primiparous11 (17.7)51 (82.3)62
 Multiparous21 (21.2)78 (78.8)99
 Grand Multipara2 (22.2)7 (77.8)90.808
Maternal Age, yr
 < 202 (12.5)14 (87.5)16
 20 – 2918 (19.1)76 (80.9)94
 ≥ 3014 (23.3)46 (76.7)600.627
Maternal HIV
 Positive7 (50.0)7 (50.0)14
 Negative27 (17.3)129 (82.7)1560.009
BF Status
 With Colostrum19 (22.4)66 (77.6)85
 No Colostrum08 (100.0)8
 No BF15 (19.5)62 (80.5)770.397

Including neonates with normal and insufficient vitamin D levels.