International Journal of Pediatrics / 2020 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Low Birth Weight among Term Newborns in Dilla Town, Southern Ethiopia

Table 3

Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis of factors associated with low birth weight neonates, Dilla town, Southern Ethiopia.

VariablesLBWCOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)
YesNo

Maternal age
 <20 yrs56 (51.9%)52 (48.1%)2.81 (1.58,4.99)2.46 (1.21,500)
 20-30 yrs42 (29.4%)101 (70.6%)1.08 (0.61,1.91)1.1 (0.56,2.17)
 31-40 yrs35 (29.2%)85 (70.8%)1.07 (0.59,1.93)0.88 (0.43,1.78)
 ≥41 yrs28 ((27.7%)73 (72.3%)RefRef
Level of education
 No formal education58 (52.3%)53 (47.7%)2.83 (1.60,4.99)2.21 (0.09,52.07)
 Primary education42 (28.6%)105 (71.4%)1.03 (0.59,1.81)0.93 (0.04,24.82)
 Grade 7-8 education32 (29.1%)78 (70.9%)1.06 (0.59,1.922.39 (0.06,90.08)
 ≥secondary education29 (27.9%)75 (72.1%)RefRef
Residency
 Urban114 (30.9%)255 (69.1%)RefRef
 Rural47 (45.6%)56 (54.4%)1.88 (1.20,2.93)6.78 (3.51,13.08)
Occupation
 Employ39 (37.1%)66 (62.9%)RefRef
 Merchant27 (27.3%)72 (72.7%)0.64 (0.35,1.15)0.68 (0.32,1.44)
 Farmer29 (27.1%)78 (72.9%)0.63 (0.35,1.13)0.59 (0.28,1.25)
 Housewife27 (35.1%)50 (64.9%)0.91 (0.49,1.69)0.73 (0.33,1.64)
 Daily worker39 (46.4%)45 (53.6%)1.47 (0.82,2.63)1.43 (0.66,3.11)
Marital status
 Divorced88 (39.8%)133 (60.2%)1.87 (1.16,3.00)2.57 (1.43,4.61)
 Never married39 (32.2%)82 (67.8%)1.34 (0.78,2.34)1.56 (0.80,3.06)
 Married34 (26.2%)96 (73.8%)RefRef
Pregnancy type
 Unwanted and unintended77 (45.8%)91 (54.2%)2.51 (1.53,4.13)3.03 (1.64,5.58)
 Wanted but unintended51 (29.5%)122 (70.5%)1.24 (0.74, 2.07)1.26 (0.68,2.34)
 Wanted and intended33 (25.2%)98 (74.8%)RefRef
Birth interval
 <2 yrs119 (50.6%)116 (49.4%)5.89 (3.39,10.20)3.05 (0.0.59,15.8)
 2-3 yrs23 (21.1%)86 (78.9%)1.53 (0.79,2.99)4.03 (0.80,20.37)
 ≥4 yrs19 (14.8%)109 (85.2%)RefRef
ANC follow up
 No follow-up117 (52%)108 (48%)5.31 (3.11,9.09)6.83 (3.57,13.05)
 1-3 follow-up23 (18.7%)100 (81.3%)1.13 (0.59,2.17)1.04 (0.49,2.20)
 ≥4 follow up21 (16.9%)103 (83.1%)RefRef
Dietary counsel
 Yes113 (30.6%)256 (69.4%)RefRef
 No48 (46.6%)55 (53.4%)1.98 (1.27,3.09)6.21 (3.21,12.02)
Foliate supplementation
 Yes100 (29%)245 (71%)RefRef
 No61 (48%)66 (52%)2.26 (1.49,3.44)5.48 (2.93,10.25)
Alcohol drink
 No86 (28%)221 (72%)RefRef
 Yes75 (45.5%)90 (54.5%)2.14 (1.44,3.18)1.91 (0.78,4.66)
Cigarette smoking
 No99 (29.4%)238 (70.6%)RefRef
 Yes62 (45.9%)73 (54.1%)2.04 (1.35,3.08)4.35 (2.46,7.69)

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