Table of Contents
International Journal of Plant Genomics
Volume 2008, Article ID 536104, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2008/536104
Review Article

Brachypodium Genomics

1Biological Science and Bioengineering Program, Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Sabanci University Orhanli, Tuzla-Istanbul 34956, Turkey
2Institute for Sustainable Agriculture (IAS), Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Alameda del Obispo s/n, Apartado 4084, Cordoba 14080, Spain

Received 19 July 2007; Accepted 25 November 2007

Academic Editor: P. K. Gupta

Copyright © 2008 Bahar Sogutmaz Ozdemir et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Brachypodium distachyon (L.) Beauv. is a temperate wild grass species; its morphological and genomic characteristics make it a model system when compared to many other grass species. It has a small genome, short growth cycle, self-fertility, many diploid accessions, and simple growth requirements. In addition, it is phylogenetically close to economically important crops, like wheat and barley, and several potential biofuel grasses. It exhibits agricultural traits similar to those of these target crops. For cereal genomes, it is a better model than Arabidopsis thaliana and Oryza sativa (rice), the former used as a model for all flowering plants and the latter hitherto used as model for genomes of all temperate grass species including major cereals like barley and wheat. Increasing interest in this species has resulted in the development of a series of genomics resources, including nuclear sequences and BAC/EST libraries, together with the collection and characterization of other genetic resources. It is expected that the use of this model will allow rapid advances in generation of genomics information for the improvement of all temperate crops, particularly the cereals.