Table of Contents
International Journal of Plant Genomics
Volume 2008, Article ID 896451, 36 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2008/896451
Review Article

Wheat Genomics: Present Status and Future Prospects

Molecular Biology Laboratory, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Ch. Charan Singh University, Meerut 250 004, India

Received 6 November 2007; Accepted 15 March 2008

Academic Editor: Yunbi Xu

Copyright © 2008 P. K. Gupta et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. S. Gill, R. Appels, A.-M. Botha-Oberholster et al., “A workshop report on wheat genome sequencing: international genome research on wheat consortium,” Genetics, vol. 168, no. 2, pp. 1087–1096, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. E. R. Sears, “Nullisomic-tetrasomic combinations in hexaploid wheat,” in Chromosome Manipulation and Plant Genetics, R. Riley and K. R. Lewis, Eds., pp. 29–45, Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, UK, 1966. View at Google Scholar
  3. T. R. Endo and B. S. Gill, “The deletion stocks of common wheat,” Journal of Heredity, vol. 87, no. 4, pp. 295–307, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  4. K. S. Gill, “Gene distribution in cereal genomes,” in Cereal Genomics, P. K. Gupta and R. K. Varshney, Eds., pp. 361–385, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  5. K. Singh, M. Ghai, M. Garg et al., “An integrated molecular linkage map of diploid wheat based on a Triticum boeoticum×T. monococcum RIL population,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 115, no. 3, pp. 301–312, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. C. Feuillet and B. Keller, “Comparative genomics in the grass family: molecular characterization of grass genome structure and evolution,” Annals of Botany, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 3–10, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. M. D. Gale and K. M. Devos, “Plant comparative genetics after 10 years,” Science, vol. 282, no. 5389, pp. 656–659, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. K. M. Devos, “Updating the ‘crop circle’,” Current Opinion in Plant Biology, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 155–162, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. M. C. Jordan, D. J. Somers, and T. W. Banks, “Identifying regions of the wheat genome controlling seed development by mapping expression quantitative trait loci,” Plant Biotechnology Journal, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 442–453, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. M. Bagge, X. Xia, and T. Lübberstedt, “Functional markers in wheat,” Current Opinion in Plant Biology, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 211–216, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. P. Moolhuijzen, D. S. Dunn, M. Bellgard et al., “Wheat genome structure and function: genome sequence data and the international wheat genome sequencing consortium,” Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 58, no. 6, pp. 470–475, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. D. J. Somers, “Molecular breeding and assembly of complex genotypes in wheat,” in Frontiers of Wheat Bioscience. The 100 Memorial Issue of Wheat Information Service, K. Tsunewaki, Ed., pp. 235–246, Kihara Memorial Yokohama Foundation for the Advancement of Life Sciences, Yokohama, Japan, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  13. S. Chao, P. J. Sharp, A. J. Worland, E. J. Warham, R. M. D. Koebner, and M. D. Gale, “RFLP-based genetic maps of wheat homoeologous group 7 chromosomes,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 78, no. 4, pp. 495–504, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. P. K. Gupta, R. K. Varshney, P. C. Sharma, and B. Ramesh, “Molecular markers and their applications in wheat breeding,” Plant Breeding, vol. 118, no. 5, pp. 369–390, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. R. Appels, “A consensus molecular genetic map of wheat-a cooperative international effort,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Wheat Genetics Symposium, N. E. Pogna, Ed., pp. 211–214, Paestum, Italy, September 2003.
  16. D. J. Somers, P. Isaac, and K. Edwards, “A high-density microsatellite consensus map for bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 109, no. 6, pp. 1105–1114, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. R. A. McIntosh, K. M. Devos, J. Dubcovsky, C. F. Morris, and W. J. Rogers, “Catalogue of gene symbols for wheat,” 2003, http://wheat.pw.usda.gov/ggpages/wgc/2003upd.html.
  18. M. S. Röder, V. Korzun, K. Wendehake et al., “A microsatellite map of wheat,” Genetics, vol. 149, no. 4, pp. 2007–2023, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  19. E. Pestsova, M. W. Ganal, and M. S. Röder, “Isolation and mapping of microsatellite markers specific for the D genome of bread wheat,” Genome, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 689–697, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. P. K. Gupta, H. S. Balyan, K. J. Edwards et al., “Genetic mapping of 66 new microsatellite (SSR) loci in bread wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 105, no. 2-3, pp. 413–422, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. L. F. Gao, R. L. Jing, N. X. Huo et al., “One hundred and one new microsatellite loci derived from ESTs (EST-SSRs) in bread wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 108, no. 7, pp. 1392–1400, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. J.-K. Yu, T. M. Dake, S. Singh et al., “Development and mapping of EST-derived simple sequence repeat markers for hexaploid wheat,” Genome, vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 805–818, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. N. Nicot, V. Chiquet, B. Gandon et al., “Study of simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers from wheat expressed sequence tags (ESTs),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 109, no. 4, pp. 800–805, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. J. W. Snape and G. Moore, “Reflections and opportunities: gene discovery in the complex wheat genome,” in Wheat Production in Stressed Environments, H. T. Buck, Ed., pp. 677–684, Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. K. S. Gill, E. L. Lubbers, B. S. Gill, W. J. Raupp, and T. S. Cox, “A genetic linkage map of Triticum tauschii (DD) and its relationship to the D genome of bread wheat (AABBDD),” Genome, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 362–374, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  26. E. V. Boyko, B. S. Gill, L. Mickelson-Young et al., “A high-density genetic linkage map of Aegilops tauschii, the D-genome progenitor of bread wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 99, no. 1-2, pp. 16–26, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. Q. J. Song, J. R. Shi, S. Singh et al., “Development and mapping of microsatellite (SSR) markers in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 110, no. 3, pp. 550–560, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. A. Torada, M. Koike, K. Mochida, and Y. Ogihara, “SSR-based linkage map with new markers using an intraspecific population of common wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 112, no. 6, pp. 1042–1051, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. W. Spielmeyer, J. Hyles, P. Joaquim et al., “A QTL on chromosome 6A in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) is associated with longer coleoptiles, greater seedling vigour and final plant height,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 115, no. 1, pp. 59–66, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  30. X. Zhang, M. Zhou, L. Ren et al., “Molecular characterization of Fusarium head blight resistance from wheat variety Wangshuibai,” Euphytica, vol. 139, no. 1, pp. 59–64, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. J. Dubcovsky, M.-C. Luo, G.-Y. Zhong et al., “Genetic map of diploid wheat, Triticum monococcum L., and its comparison with maps of Hordeum vulgare L.,” Genetics, vol. 143, no. 2, pp. 983–999, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  32. A. Blanco, M. P. Bellomo, A. Cenci et al., “A genetic linkage map of durum wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 97, no. 5-6, pp. 721–728, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  33. C. Lotti, S. Salvi, A. Pasqualone, R. Tuberosa, and A. Blanco, “Integration of AFLP markers into an RFLP-based map of durum wheat,” Plant Breeding, vol. 119, no. 5, pp. 393–401, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. M. M. Nachit, I. Elouafi, M. A. Pagnotta et al., “Molecular linkage map for an intraspecific recombinant inbred population of durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var. durum ),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 102, no. 2-3, pp. 177–186, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. I. Elouafi and M. M. Nachit, “A genetic linkage map of the Durum×Triticum dicoccoides backcross population based on SSRs and AFLP markers, and QTL analysis for milling traits,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 108, no. 3, pp. 401–413, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. M. M. Messmer, M. Keller, S. Zanetti, and B. Keller, “Genetic linkage map of a wheat×spelt cross,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 98, no. 6-7, pp. 1163–1170, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  37. H. Buerstmayr, M. Lemmens, L. Hartl et al., “Molecular mapping of QTLs for Fusarium head blight resistance in spring wheat. I. Resistance to fungal spread (type II resistance),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 104, no. 1, pp. 84–91, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  38. L. Eriksen, F. Borum, and A. Jahoor, “Inheritance and localisation of resistance to Mycosphaerella graminicola causing septoria tritici blotch and plant height in the wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genome with DNA markers,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 107, no. 3, pp. 515–527, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  39. C. Groos, N. Robert, E. Bervas, and G. Charmet, “Genetic analysis of grain protein-content, grain yield and thousand-kernel weight in bread wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 106, no. 6, pp. 1032–1040, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  40. C. Groos, E. Bervas, E. Chanliaud, and G. Charmet, “Genetic analysis of bread-making quality scores in bread wheat using a recombinant inbred line population,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 115, no. 3, pp. 313–323, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  41. S. Paillard, T. Schnurbusch, M. Winzeler et al., “An integrative genetic linkage map of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 107, no. 7, pp. 1235–1242, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  42. P. Sourdille, T. Cadalen, H. Guyomarc'h et al., “An update of the Courtot × Chinese Spring intervarietal molecular marker linkage map for the QTL detection of agronomic traits in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 106, no. 3, pp. 530–538, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  43. B. Steiner, M. Lemmens, M. Griesser, U. Scholz, J. Schondelmaier, and H. Buerstmayr, “Molecular mapping of resistance to Fusarium head blight in the spring wheat cultivar Frontana,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 109, no. 1, pp. 215–224, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  44. Z. H. Liu, J. A. Anderson, J. Hu, T. L. Friesen, J. B. Rasmussen, and J. D. Faris, “A wheat intervarietal genetic linkage map based on microsatellite and target region amplified polymorphism markers and its utility for detecting quantitative trait loci,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 111, no. 4, pp. 782–794, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  45. S. A. Quarrie, A. Steed, C. Calestani et al., “A high-density genetic map of hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) from the cross Chinese Spring × SQ1 and its use to compare QTLs for grain yield across a range of environments,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 110, no. 5, pp. 865–880, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  46. M. Schmolke, G. Zimmermann, H. Buerstmayr et al., “Molecular mapping of Fusarium head blight resistance in the winter wheat population Dream/Lynx,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 111, no. 4, pp. 747–756, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  47. X. Q. Huang, S. Cloutier, L. Lycar et al., “Molecular detection of QTLs for agronomic and quality traits in a doubled haploid population derived from two Canadian wheats (Triticum aestivum L.),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 113, no. 4, pp. 753–766, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  48. K. J. Williams, K. L. Willsmore, S. Olson, M. Matic, and H. Kuchel, “Mapping of a novel QTL for resistance to cereal cyst nematode in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 112, no. 8, pp. 1480–1486, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  49. R. Draeger, N. Gosman, A. Steed et al., “Identification of QTLs for resistance to Fusarium head blight, DON accumulation and associated traits in the winter wheat variety Arina,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 115, no. 5, pp. 617–625, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  50. C. A. McCartney, D. J. Somers, B. D. McCallum et al., “Microsatellite tagging of the leaf rust resistance gene Lr16 on wheat chromosome 2BSc,” Molecular Breeding, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 329–337, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  51. S. Li, J. Jia, X. Wei et al., “A intervarietal genetic map and QTL analysis for yield traits in wheat,” Molecular Breeding, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 167–178, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  52. J. R. Simmonds, L. J. Fish, M. A. Leverington-Waite, Y. Wang, P. Howell, and J. W. Snape, “Mapping of a gene (Vir) for a non-glaucous, viridescent phenotype in bread wheat derived from Triticum dicoccoides, and its association with yield variation,” Euphytica, vol. 159, no. 3, pp. 333–341, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  53. M. Akbari, P. Wenzl, V. Caig et al., “Diversity arrays technology (DArT) for high-throughput profiling of the hexaploid wheat genome,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 113, no. 8, pp. 1409–1420, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  54. K. Semagn, Å. Bjørnstad, H. Skinnes, A. G. Marøy, Y. Tarkegne, and M. William, “Distribution of DArT, AFLP, and SSR markers in a genetic linkage map of a doubled-haploid hexaploid wheat population,” Genome, vol. 49, no. 5, pp. 545–555, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  55. E. R. Sears, “The aneuploids of common wheat,” University of Missouri Agriculture Experiment Station, Bulleten, vol. 572, pp. 1–58, 1954. View at Google Scholar
  56. L. L. Qi, B. Echalier, S. Chao et al., “A chromosome bin map of 16,000 expressed sequence tag loci and distribution of genes among the three genomes of polyploid wheat,” Genetics, vol. 168, no. 2, pp. 701–712, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  57. R. S. Kota, K. S. Gill, B. S. Gill, and T. R. Endo, “A cytogenetically based physical map of chromosome 1B in common wheat,” Genome, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 548–554, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  58. K. S. Gill, B. S. Gill, T. R. Endo, and T. Taylor, “Identification and high-density mapping of gene-rich regions in chromosome group 1 of wheat,” Genetics, vol. 144, no. 4, pp. 1883–1891, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  59. D. E. Delaney, S. Nasuda, T. R. Endo, B. S. Gill, and S. H. Hulbert, “Cytologically based physical maps of the group-2 chromosomes of wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 91, no. 4, pp. 568–573, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  60. M. S. Röder, V. Korzun, B. S. Gill, and M. W. Ganal, “The physical mapping of microsatellite markers in wheat,” Genome, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 278–283, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  61. D. E. Delaney, S. Nasuda, T. R. Endo, B. S. Gill, and S. H. Hulbert, “Cytologically based physical maps of the group 3 chromosomes of wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 91, no. 5, pp. 780–782, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  62. L. Mickelson-Young, T. R. Endo, and B. S. Gill, “A cytogenetic ladder-map of the wheat homoeologous group-4 chromosomes,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 90, no. 7-8, pp. 1007–1011, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  63. K. S. Gill, B. S. Gill, T. R. Endo, and E. V. Boyko, “Identification and high-density mapping of gene-rich regions in chromosome group 5 of wheat,” Genetics, vol. 143, no. 2, pp. 1001–1012, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  64. J. D. Faris, K. M. Haen, and B. S. Gill, “Saturation mapping of a gene-rich recombination hot spot region in wheat,” Genetics, vol. 154, no. 2, pp. 823–835, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  65. L. L. Qi and B. S. Gill, “High-density physical maps reveal that the dominant male-sterile gene Ms3 is located in a genomic region of low recombination in wheat and is not amenable to map-based cloning,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 103, no. 6-7, pp. 998–1006, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  66. Y. Ogihara, K. Hasegawa, and H. Tsujimoto, “High-resolution cytological mapping of the long arm of chromosome 5A in common wheat using a series of deletion lines induced by gametocidal (Gc) genes of Aegilops speltoides,” Molecular and General Genetics, vol. 244, no. 3, pp. 253–259, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  67. K. S. Gill, B. S. Gill, and T. R. Endo, “A chromosome region-specific mapping strategy reveals gene-rich telomeric ends in wheat,” Chromosoma, vol. 102, no. 6, pp. 374–381, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  68. Y. Weng, N. A. Tuleen, and G. E. Hart, “Extended physical maps and a consensus physical map of the homoeologous group-6 chromosomes of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. em Thell.),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 100, no. 3-4, pp. 519–527, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  69. Y. Weng and M. D. Lazar, “Comparison of homoeologous group-6 short arm physical maps of wheat and barley reveals a similar distribution of recombinogenic and gene-rich regions,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 104, no. 6-7, pp. 1078–1085, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  70. J. E. Werner, T. R. Endo, and B. S. Gill, “Towards a cytogenetically based physical map of the wheat genome,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 89, pp. 11307–11311, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  71. U. Hohmann, T. R. Endo, K. S. Gill, and B. S. Gill, “Comparison of genetic and physical maps of group 7 chromosomes from Triticum aestivum L,” Molecular and General Genetics, vol. 245, no. 5, pp. 644–653, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  72. R. K. Varshney, M. Prasad, J. K. Roy, M. S. Röder, H. S. Balyan, and P. K. Gupta, “Integrated physical maps of 2DL, 6BS and 7DL carrying loci for grain protein content and pre-harvest sprouting tolerance in bread wheat,” Cereal Research Communications, vol. 29, no. 1-2, pp. 33–40, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  73. H. Zhang, S. Nasuda, and T. R. Endo, “Identification of AFLP markers on the satellite region of chromosome 1BS in wheat,” Genome, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 729–735, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  74. M. A. Rodriguez Milla and J. P. Gustafson, “Genetic and physical characterization of chromosome 4DL in wheat,” Genome, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 883–892, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  75. D. Sandhu, D. Sidhu, and K. S. Gill, “Identification of expressed sequence markers for a major gene-rich region of wheat chromosome group 1 using RNA fingerprinting-differential display,” Crop Science, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 1285–1290, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  76. P. Sourdille, S. Singh, T. Cadalen et al., “Microsatellite-based deletion bin system for the establishment of genetic-physical map relationships in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Functional and Integrative Genomics, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 12–25, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  77. A. Goyal, R. Bandopadhyay, P. Sourdille, T. R. Endo, H. S. Balyan, and P. K. Gupta, “Physical molecular maps of wheat chromosomes,” Functional & Integrative Genomics, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 260–263, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  78. J. H. Peng and N. L. V. Lapitan, “Characterization of EST-derived microsatellites in the wheat genome and development of eSSR markers,” Functional and Integrative Genomics, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 80–96, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  79. A. Mohan, A. Goyal, R. Singh, H. S. Balyan, and P. K. Gupta, “Physical mapping of wheat and rye expressed sequence tag-simple sequence repeats on wheat chromosomes,” Crop Science, vol. 47, supplement 1, pp. S3–S13, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  80. S. K. Parida, K. A. Raj Kumar, V. Dalal, N. K. Singh, and T. Mohapatra, “Unigene derived microsatellite markers for the cereal genomes,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 112, no. 5, pp. 808–817, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  81. K. Hill-Ambroz, C. A. Webb, A. R. Matthews, W. Li, B. S. Gill, and J. P. Fellers, “Expression analysis and physical mapping of a cDNA library of Fusarium head blight infected wheat spikes,” Crop Science, vol. 46, supplement 1, pp. S15–S26, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  82. S. J. Goss and H. Harris, “New method for mapping genes in human chromosomes,” Nature, vol. 255, no. 5511, pp. 680–684, 1975. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  83. D. R. Cox, M. Burmeister, E. R. Price, S. Kim, and R. M. Myers, “Radiation hybrid mapping: a somatic cell genetic method for constructing high-resolution maps of mammalian chromosomes,” Science, vol. 250, no. 4978, pp. 245–250, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  84. V. Kalavacharla, K. Hossain, Y. Gu et al., “High-resolution radiation hybrid map of wheat chromosome 1D,” Genetics, vol. 173, no. 2, pp. 1089–1099, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  85. H.-Q. Ling, Y. Zhu, and B. Keller, “High-resolution mapping of the leaf rust disease resistance gene Lr1 in wheat and characterization of BAC clones from the Lr1 locus,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 106, no. 5, pp. 875–882, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  86. S. Cloutier, B. D. McCallum, C. Loutre et al., “Leaf rust resistance gene Lr1, isolated from bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is a member of the large psr567 gene family,” Plant Molecular Biology, vol. 65, no. 1-2, pp. 93–106, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  87. C. Feuillet, S. Travella, N. Stein, L. Albar, A. Nublat, and B. Keller, “Map-based isolation of the leaf rust disease resistance gene Lr10 from the hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genome,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 100, no. 25, pp. 15253–15258, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  88. L. Huang, S. A. Brooks, W. Li, J. P. Fellers, H. N. Trick, and B. S. Gill, “Map-based cloning of leaf rust resistance gene Lr21 from the large and polyploid genome of bread wheat,” Genetics, vol. 164, no. 2, pp. 655–664, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  89. L. Yan, A. Loukoianov, G. Tranquilli, M. Helguera, T. Fahima, and J. Dubcovsky, “Positional cloning of the wheat vernalization gene VRN1,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 100, no. 10, pp. 6263–6268, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  90. L. Yan, A. Loukoianov, A. Blechl et al., “The wheat VRN2 gene is a flowering repressor down-regulated by vernalization,” Science, vol. 303, no. 5664, pp. 1640–1644, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  91. L. Yan, D. Fu, C. Li et al., “The wheat and barley vernalization gene VRN3 is an orthologue of FT,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 103, no. 51, pp. 19581–19586, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  92. K. J. Simons, J. P. Fellers, H. N. Trick et al., “Molecular characterization of the major wheat domestication gene Q,” Genetics, vol. 172, no. 1, pp. 547–555, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  93. J. D. Faris, J. P. Fellers, S. A. Brooks, and B. S. Gill, “A bacterial artificial chromosome contig spanning the major domestication locus Q in wheat and identification of a candidate gene,” Genetics, vol. 164, no. 1, pp. 311–321, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  94. N. Yahiaoui, P. Srichumpa, R. Dudler, and B. Keller, “Genome analysis at different ploidy levels allows cloning of the powdery mildew resistance gene Pm3b from hexaploid wheat,” Plant Journal, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 528–538, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  95. S. Brunner, P. Srichumpa, N. Yahiaoui, and B. Keller, “Positional cloning and evolution of powdery mildew resistance gene at Pm3 locus of hexaploid wheat,” in Proceedings of the Plant & Animal Genome XIII Conference, p. 73, Town & Country Convention Center, San Diego, Calif, USA, January 2005.
  96. C. Uauy, A. Distelfeld, T. Fahima, A. Blechl, and J. Dubcovsky, “A NAC gene regulating senescence improves grain protein, zinc, and iron content in wheat,” Science, vol. 314, no. 5803, pp. 1298–1301, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  97. A. Distelfeld, C. Uauy, S. Olmos, A. R. Schlatter, J. Dubcovsky, and T. Fahima, “Microcolinearity between a 2-cM region encompassing the grain protein content locus Gpc-6B1 on wheat chromosome 6B and a 350-kb region on rice chromosome 2,” Functional & Integrative Genomics, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 59–66, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  98. S. Liu, M. O. Pumphery, X. Zhang et al., “Towards positional cloning of Qfhs.ndsu-3BS, a major QTL for Fusarium head blight resistance in wheat,” in Proceedings of the Plant & Animal Genome XIII Conference, p. 71, Town & Country Convention Center, San Diego, Calif, USA, January 2005.
  99. P. Ling, X. Chen, D. Q. Le, and K. G. Campbell, “Towards cloning of the Yr5 gene for resistance to wheat stripe rust resistance,” in Proceedings of the Plant & Animal Genomes XIII Conference, Town & Country Convention Center, San Diego, Calif, USA, January 2005.
  100. T. Schnurbusch, N. C. Collins, R. F. Eastwood, T. Sutton, S. P. Jefferies, and P. Langridge, “Fine mapping and targeted SNP survey using rice-wheat gene colinearity in the region of the Bo1 boron toxicity tolerance locus of bread wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 115, no. 4, pp. 451–461, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  101. H.-J. Lu, J. P. Fellers, T. L. Friesen, S. W. Meinhardt, and J. D. Faris, “Genomic analysis and marker development for the Tsn1 locus in wheat using bin-mapped ESTs and flanking BAC contigs,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 112, no. 6, pp. 1132–1142, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  102. S. Griffiths, R. Sharp, T. N. Foote et al., “Molecular characterization of Ph1 as a major chromosome pairing locus in polyploid wheat,” Nature, vol. 439, no. 7077, pp. 749–752, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  103. R. S. Kota, W. Spielmeyer, R. A. McIntosh, and E. S. Lagudah, “Fine genetic mapping fails to dissociate durable stem rust resistance gene Sr2 from pseudo-black chaff in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 112, no. 3, pp. 492–499, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  104. R. B. Flavell and D. B. Smith, “The role of homoeologous group 1 chromosomes in the control of rRNA genes in wheat,” Biochemical Genetics, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 271–279, 1974. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  105. W. L. Gerlach and W. J. Peacock, “Chromosomal locations of highly repeated DNA sequences in wheat,” Heredity, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 269–276, 1980. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  106. W. L. Gerlach, E. S. Dennis, and W. J. Peacock, “Molecular cytogenetics of wheat,” in Cytogenetics of Crop Plant, M. S. Swaminathan, P. K. Gupta, and U. Sinha, Eds., pp. 191–212, MacMillan, Bomby, India, 1983. View at Google Scholar
  107. Y. Mukai, Y. Nakahara, and M. Yamamoto, “Simultaneous discrimination of the three genomes in hexaploid wheat by multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization using total genomic and highly repeated DNA probes,” Genome, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 489–494, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  108. C. Pedersen and P. Langridge, “Identification of the entire chromosome complement of bread wheat by two-colour FISH,” Genome, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 589–593, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  109. E. D. Badaeva, A. V. Amosova, O. V. Muravenko et al., “Genome differentiation in Aegilops. 3. Evolution of the D-genome cluster,” Plant Systematics and Evolution, vol. 231, no. 1–4, pp. 163–190, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  110. P. Zhang, W. Li, B. Friebe, and B. S. Gill, “Simultaneous painting of three genomes in hexaploid wheat by BAC-FISH,” Genome, vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 979–987, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  111. Y. Mukai, T. R. Endo, and B. S. Gill, “Physical mapping of the 5S rRNA multigene family in common wheat,” Journal of Heredity, vol. 81, no. 4, pp. 290–295, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  112. Y. Mukai, T. R. Endo, and B. S. Gill, “Pysical mapping of the 18S.26S rRNA multigene family in common wheat: identification of a new locus,” Chromosoma, vol. 100, no. 2, pp. 71–78, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  113. X.-F. Ma, K. Ross, and J. P. Gustafson, “Physical mapping of restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) markers in homoeologous groups 1 and 3 chromosomes of wheat by in situ hybridization,” Genome, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 401–412, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  114. S. Rahman, A. Regina, Z. Li et al., “Comparison of starch-branching enzyme genes reveals evolutionary relationships among isoforms. Characterization of a gene for starch-branching enzyme IIa from the wheat D genome donor Aegilops tauschii,” Plant Physiology, vol. 125, no. 3, pp. 1314–1324, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  115. Z. Li, F. Sun, S. Xu et al., “The structural organisation of the genes encoding class II starch synthase of wheat and barley and the evolution of the genes encoding starch syuthases in plants,” Functional & Integrative Genomics, vol. 3, no. 1-2, pp. 76–85, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  116. K.-M. Turnbull, M. Turner, Y. Mukai et al., “The organization of genes tightly linked to the Ha locus in Aegilops tauschii, the D-genome donor to wheat,” Genome, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 330–338, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  117. Y. Mukai and B. S. Gill, “Detection of barley chromatin added to wheat by genomic in situ hybridization,” Genome, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 448–452, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  118. T. Schwarzacher, K. Anamthawat-Jónsson, G. E. Harrison et al., “Genomic in situ hybridization to identify alien chromosomes and chromosome segments in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 84, no. 7-8, pp. 778–786, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  119. M. Biagetti, F. Vitellozzi, and C. Ceoloni, “Physical mapping of wheat-Aegilops longissima breakpoints in mildew-resistant recombinant lines using FISH with highly repeated and low-copy DNA probes,” Genome, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 1013–1019, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  120. M. Yamamoto and Y. Mukai, “High-resolution mapping in wheat and rye by FISH on extended DNA fibres,” in Proceedings of the 9th International Wheat Genetics Symposium, A. E. Slinkard, Ed., vol. 1, pp. 12–16, Saskatoon, Canada, August 1998.
  121. M. Yamamoto and Y. Mukai, “High-resolution physical mapping of the secalin-1 locus of rye on extended DNA fibers,” Cytogenetic and Genome Research, vol. 109, no. 1–3, pp. 79–82, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  122. U. C. Lavania, M. Yamamoto, and Y. Mukai, “Extended chromatin and DNA fibers from active plant nuclei for high-resolution FISH,” Journal of Histochemistry & Cytochemistry, vol. 51, no. 10, pp. 1249–1253, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  123. K.-N. Fukui, G. Suzuki, E. S. Lagudah et al., “Physical arrangement of retrotransposon-related repeats in centromeric regions of wheat,” Plant & Cell Physiology, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 189–196, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  124. M. Valárik, J. Bartoš, P. Kovářová, M. Kubaláková, J. H. de Jong, and J. Doležel, “High-resolution FISH on super-stretched flow-sorted plant chromosomes,” Plant Journal, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 940–950, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  125. S. A. Jackson, P. Zhang, W. P. Chen et al., “High-resolution structural analysis of biolistic transgene integration into the genome of wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 103, no. 1, pp. 56–62, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  126. P. Zhang, B. Friebe, and B. Gill, “Potential and limitations of BAC-FISH mapping in wheat,” in Proceedings of the Plant, Animal & Microbe Genomes X Conference, p. 272, Town & Country Convention Center, San Diego, Calif, USA, January 2002.
  127. D. Papa, C. A. Miller, G. R. Anderson et al., “FISH physical mapping of DNA sequences associated with RWA resistance in wheat and barley,” in Proceedings of the Plant & Animal Genome VIII Conference, p. 36, Town & Country Hotel, San Diego, Calif, USA, January 2000.
  128. P. Zhang, W. Li, J. Fellers, B. Friebe, and B. S. Gill, “BAC-FISH in wheat identifies chromosome landmarks consisting of different types of transposable elements,” Chromosoma, vol. 112, no. 6, pp. 288–299, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  129. X. Q. Huang, H. Cöster, M. W. Ganal, and M. S. Röder, “Advanced backcross QTL analysis for the identification of quantitative trait loci alleles from wild relatives of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 106, no. 8, pp. 1379–1389, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  130. X. Q. Huang, L. X. Wang, M. X. Xu, and M. S. Röder, “Microsatellite mapping of the powdery mildew resistance gene Pm5e in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 106, no. 5, pp. 858–865, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  131. G. P. Yan, X. M. Chen, R. F. Line, and C. R. Wellings, “Resistance gene-analog polymorphism markers co-segregating with the Yr5 gene for resistance to wheat stripe rust,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 106, no. 4, pp. 636–643, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  132. P. K. Gupta, S. Rustgi, S. Sharma, R. Singh, N. Kumar, and H. S. Balyan, “Transferable EST-SSR markers for the study of polymorphism and genetic diversity in bread wheat,” Molecular Genetics and Genomics, vol. 270, no. 4, pp. 315–323, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  133. L. F. Gao, J. Tang, H. Li, and J. Jia, “Analysis of microsatellites in major crops assessed by computational and experimental approaches,” Molecular Breeding, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 245–261, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  134. R. Bandopadhyay, S. Sharma, S. Rustgi et al., “DNA polymorphism among 18 species of Triticum-Aegilops complex using wheat EST-SSRs,” Plant Science, vol. 166, no. 2, pp. 349–356, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  135. R. K. Varshney, R. Sigmund, A. Börner et al., “Interspecific transferability and comparative mapping of barley EST-SSR markers in wheat, rye and rice,” Plant Science, vol. 168, no. 1, pp. 195–202, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  136. J.-K. Yu, M. La Rota, R. V. Kantety, and M. E. Sorrells, “EST derived SSR markers for comparative mapping in wheat and rice,” Molecular Genetics and Genomics, vol. 271, no. 6, pp. 742–751, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  137. L. Y. Zhang, M. Bernard, P. Leroy, C. Feuillet, and P. Sourdille, “High transferability of bread wheat EST-derived SSRs to other cereals,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 111, no. 4, pp. 677–687, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  138. J. Tang, L. Gao, Y. Cao, and J. Jia, “Homologous analysis of SSR-ESTs and transferability of wheat SSR-EST markers across barley, rice and maize,” Euphytica, vol. 151, no. 1, pp. 87–93, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  139. K. Chabane, O. Abdalla, H. Sayed, and J. Valkoun, “Assessment of EST-microsatellites markers for discrimination and genetic diversity in bread and durum wheat landraces from Afghanistan,” Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 1073–1080, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  140. W. Zhang, S. Chao, E. D. Akhunov et al., “Discovery of SNPs for wheat homoeologous group 5 and polymorphism among US adapted wheat germplasm,” in Proceedings of the Plant & Animal Genome XI Conference, p. 184, San Diego, Calif, USA, January 2007.
  141. C. Ravel, S. Praud, A. Murigneux et al., “Single-nucleotide polymorphism frequency in a set of selected lines of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Genome, vol. 49, no. 9, pp. 1131–1139, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  142. J. Janda, J. Bartoš, J. Šafár et al., “Construction of a subgenomic BAC library specific for chromosomes 1D, 4D and 6D of hexaploid wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 109, no. 7, pp. 1337–1345, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  143. J. Šafár, J. Bartoš, J. Janda et al., “Dissecting large and complex genomes: flow sorting and BAC cloning of individual chromosomes from bread wheat,” The Plant Journal, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 960–968, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  144. J. Janda, J. Šafár, M. Kubaláková et al., “Advanced resources for plant genomics: a BAC library specific for the short arm of wheat chromosome 1B,” The Plant Journal, vol. 47, no. 6, pp. 977–986, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  145. T. Wicker, N. Stein, L. Albar, C. Feuillet, E. Schlagenhauf, and B. Keller, “Analysis of a contiguous 211 kb sequence in diploid wheat (Triticum monococcum L.) reveals multiple mechanisms of genome evolution,” The Plant Journal, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 307–316, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  146. S. A. Brooks, L. Huang, B. S. Gill, and J. P. Fellers, “Analysis of 106 kb of contiguous DNA sequence from the D genome of wheat reveals high gene density and a complex arrangement of genes related to disease resistance,” Genome, vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 963–972, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  147. E. Paux, D. Roger, E. Badaeva et al., “Characterizing the composition and evolution of homoeologous genomes in hexaploid wheat through BAC-end sequencing on chromosome 3B,” The Plant Journal, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 463–474, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  148. D. Sandhu, J. A. Champoux, S. N. Bondareva, and K. S. Gill, “Identification and physical localization of useful genes and markers to a major gene-rich region on wheat group 1S chromosomes,” Genetics, vol. 157, no. 4, pp. 1735–1747, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  149. M. Erayman, D. Sandhu, D. Sidhu, M. Dilbirligi, P. S. Baenziger, and K. S. Gill, “Demarcating the gene-rich regions of the wheat genome,” Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 32, no. 12, pp. 3546–3565, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  150. K. S. Gill, “Structural organization of the wheat genome,” in Frontiers of Wheat Bioscience: The 100th Memorial Issue of Wheat Information Service, K. Tsunewaki, Ed., pp. 151–167, Kihara Memorial Yokohama Foundation for the Advancement of Life Sciences, Yokohama, Japan, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  151. D. Sidhu and K. S. Gill, “Distribution of genes and recombination in wheat and other eukaryotes,” Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture, vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 257–270, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  152. A. Barakat, N. Carels, and G. Bernardi, “The distribution of genes in the genomes of Gramineae,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 94, no. 13, pp. 6857–6861, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  153. C. Feuillet and B. Keller, “High gene density is conserved at syntenic loci of small and large grass genomes,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 96, no. 14, pp. 8265–8270, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  154. D. Sandhu and K. S. Gill, “Gene-containing regions of wheat and the other grass genomes,” Plant Physiology, vol. 128, no. 3, pp. 803–811, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  155. D. Sandhu and K. S. Gill, “Structural and functional organization of the ‘1S0.8 gene-rich region’ in the Triticeae,” Plant Molecular Biology, vol. 48, no. 5-6, pp. 791–804, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  156. P. K. Gupta, P. L. Kulwal, and S. Rustgi, “Wheat cytogenetics in the genomics era and its relevance to breeding,” Cytogenetic and Genome Research, vol. 109, no. 1–3, pp. 315–327, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  157. M. L. Wang, A. R. Leitch, T. Schwarzacher, J. S. Heslop-Harrison, and G. Moore, “Construction of a chromosome-enriched Hpall library from flow-sorted wheat chromosomes,” Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 1897–1901, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  158. J.-H. Lee, K. Arumuganathan, Y. Yen, S. Kaeppler, H. Kaeppler, and P. S. Baenziger, “Root tip cell cycle synchronization and metaphase-chromosome isolation suitable for flow sorting in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Genome, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 633–638, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  159. J. Vrána, M. Kubalákova, H. Simková, J. Cíhalíková, M. A. Lysák, and J. Dolezel, “Flow sorting of mitotic chromosomes in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Genetics, vol. 156, no. 4, pp. 2033–2041, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  160. K. S. Gill, K. Arumuganathan, and J.-H. Lee, “Isolating individual wheat (Triticum aestivum) chromosome arms by flow cytometric analysis of ditelosomic lines,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 98, no. 8, pp. 1248–1252, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  161. J. M. Vega, S. Abbo, M. Feldman, and A. A. Levy, “Chromosome painting in plants: in situ hybridization with a DNA probe from a specific microdissected chromosome arm of common wheat,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 91, no. 25, pp. 12041–12045, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  162. B. Chalhoub, H. Belcram, and M. Caboche, “Efficient cloning of plant genomes into bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) libraries with larger and more uniform insert size,” Plant Biotechnology Journal, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 181–188, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  163. J. Doležel, M. Kubaláková, J. Bartoš, and J. Macas, “Flow cytogenetics and plant genome mapping,” Chromosome Research, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 77–91, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  164. M. Kubaláková, J. Vrána, J. Číhalíková, H. Šimková, and J. Doležel, “Flow karyotyping and chromosome sorting in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 104, no. 8, pp. 1362–1372, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  165. J. Doležel, M. Kubaláková, P. Suchankova et al., “Flow cytogenetic analysis of the wheat genome,” in Frontiers of Wheat Bioscience: The 100th Memorial Issue of Wheat Information Service, K. Tsunewaki, Ed., pp. 3–15, Yokohama Publishers, Yokohama, Japan, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  166. B. S. Gill, “International genome research on wheat (IGROW),” in Proceedings of the National Wheat Workers Workshop, Kansas City, Mo, USA, February 2004.
  167. P. K. Gupta, “Ultrafast and low-cost DNA sequencing methods for applied genomics research,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India. In press.
  168. I. D. Wilson, G. L. A. Barker, R. W. Beswick et al., “A transcriptomics resource for wheat functional genomics,” Plant Biotechnology Journal, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 495–506, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  169. I. D. Wilson, G. L. Barker, C. Lu et al., “Alteration of the embryo transcriptome of hexaploid winter wheat (Triticum aestivum cv. Mercia) during maturation and germination,” Functional and Integrative Genomics, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 144–154, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  170. R. Poole, G. Barker, I. D. Wilson, J. A. Coghill, and K. J. Edwards, “Measuring global gene expression in polyploidy; a cautionary note from allohexaploid wheat,” Functional & Integrative Genomics, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 207–219, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  171. C. A. McCartney, D. J. Somers, D. G. Humphreys et al., “Mapping quantitative trait loci controlling agronomic traits in the spring wheat cross RL4452 × ‘AC Domain’,” Genome, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 870–883, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  172. C. A. McCartney, D. J. Somers, O. Lukow et al., “QTL analysis of quality traits in the spring wheat cross RL4452 × ‘AC domain’,” Plant Breeding, vol. 125, no. 6, pp. 565–575, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  173. D. Fu, C. Uauy, A. Blechl, and J. Dubcovsky, “RNA interference for wheat functional gene analysis,” Transgenic Research, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 689–701, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  174. A. Salleh, “Gene silencing yields high-fibre wheat,” February 2006, ABC Science online. View at Google Scholar
  175. K. Mochida, Y. Yamazaki, and Y. Ogihara, “Discrimination of homoeologous gene expression in hexaploid wheat by SNP analysis of contigs grouped from a large number of expressed sequence tags,” Molecular Genetics and Genomics, vol. 270, no. 5, pp. 371–377, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  176. P. Schweizer, J. Pokorny, P. Schulze-Lefert, and R. Dudler, “Double-stranded RNA interferes with gene function at the single-cell level in cereals,” The Plant Journal, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 895–903, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  177. A. B. Christensen, H. Thordal-Christensen, G. Zimmermann et al., “The Germinlike protein GLP4 exhibits superoxide dismutase activity and is an important component of quantitative resistance in wheat and barley,” Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 109–117, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  178. A. Loukoianov, L. Yan, A. Blechl, A. Sanchez, and J. Dubcovsky, “Regulation of VRN-1 vernalization genes in normal and transgenic polyploid wheat,” Plant Physiology, vol. 138, no. 4, pp. 2364–2373, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  179. A. Regina, A. Bird, D. Topping et al., “High-amylose wheat generated by RNA interference improves indices of large-bowel health in rats,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 103, no. 10, pp. 3546–3551, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  180. S. Travella, T. E. Klimm, and B. Keller, “RNA interference-based gene silencing as an efficient tool for functional genomics in hexaploid bread wheat,” Plant Physiology, vol. 142, no. 1, pp. 6–20, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  181. G. Yao, J. Zhang, L. Yang et al., “Genetic mapping of two powdery mildew resistance genes in einkorn (Triticum monococcum L.) accessions,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 114, no. 2, pp. 351–358, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  182. S. Henikoff, B. J. Till, and L. Comai, “TILLING. Traditional mutagenesis meets functional genomics,” Plant Physiology, vol. 135, no. 2, pp. 630–636, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  183. B. J. Till, S. H. Reynolds, E. A. Greene et al., “Large-scale discovery of induced point mutations with high-throughput TILLING,” Genome Research, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 524–530, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  184. A. J. Slade and V. C. Knauf, “TILLING moves beyond functional genomics into crop improvement,” Transgenic Research, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 109–115, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  185. A. J. Slade, S. I. Fuerstenberg, D. Loeffler, M. N. Steine, and D. Facciotti, “A reverse genetic, nontransgenic approach to wheat crop improvement by TILLING,” Nature Biotechnology, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 75–81, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  186. K. M. Devos and M. D. Gale, “Genome relationships: the grass model in current research,” The Plant Cell, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 637–646, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  187. T. Wicker, N. Yahiaoui, and B. Keller, “Contrasting rates of evolution in Pm3 loci from three wheat species and rice,” Genetics, vol. 177, no. 2, pp. 1207–1216, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  188. N. Huo, Y. Q. Gu, G. R. Lazo et al., “Construction and characterization of two BAC libraries from Brachypodium distachyon, a new model for grass genomics,” Genome, vol. 49, no. 9, pp. 1099–1108, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  189. M. D. Gale, J. E. Flintham, and K. M. Devos, “Cereal comparative genetics and preharvest sprouting,” Euphytica, vol. 126, no. 1, pp. 21–25, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  190. C. Feuillet, A. Penger, K. Gellner, A. Mast, and B. Keller, “Molecular evolution of receptor-like kinase genes in hexaploid wheat. Independent evolution of orthologs after polyploidization and mechanisms of local rearrangements at paralogous loci,” Plant Physiology, vol. 125, no. 3, pp. 1304–1313, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  191. N. Chantret, A. Cenci, F. Sabot, O. Anderson, and J. Dubcovsky, “Sequencing of the Triticum monococcum Hardness locus reveals good microcolinearity with rice,” Molecular genetics and genomics, vol. 271, no. 4, pp. 377–386, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  192. E. K. Khlestkina, T. A. Pshenichnikova, M. S. Röder, E. A. Salina, V. S. Arbuzova, and A. Börner, “Comparative mapping of genes for glume colouration and pubescence in hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 113, no. 5, pp. 801–807, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  193. K. M. Devos, M. D. Atkinson, C. N. Chinoy, C. J. Liu, and M. D. Gale, “RFLP-based genetic map of the homoeologous group 3 chromosomes of wheat and rye,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 83, no. 8, pp. 931–939, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  194. N. Stein, C. Feuillet, T. Wicker, E. Schlagenhauf, and B. Keller, “Subgenome chromosome walking in wheat: a 450-kb physical contig in Triticum monococcum L. spans the Lr10 resistance locus in hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 97, no. 24, pp. 13436–13441, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  195. T. Wicker, N. Yahiaoui, R. Guyot et al., “Rapid genome divergence at orthologous low molecular weight glutenin loci of the A and Am genomes of wheat,” The Plant Cell, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 1186–1197, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  196. E. Isidore, B. Scherrer, B. Chalhoub, C. Feuillet, and B. Keller, “Ancient haplotypes resulting from extensive molecular rearrangements in the wheat A genome have been maintained in species of three different ploidy levels,” Genome Research, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 526–536, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  197. Y. Q. Gu, J. Salse, D. Coleman-Derr et al., “Types and rates of sequence evolution at the high-molecular-weight glutenin locus in hexaploid wheat and its ancestral genomes,” Genetics, vol. 174, no. 3, pp. 1493–1504, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  198. R. Guyot, N. Yahiaoui, C. Feuillet, and B. Keller, “In silico comparative analysis reveals a mosaic conservation of genes within a novel colinear region in wheat chromosome 1AS and rice chromosome 5S,” Functional & Integrative Genomics, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 47–58, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  199. M. E. Sorrells, M. La Rota, C. E. Bermudez-Kandianis et al., “Comparative DNA sequence analysis of wheat and rice genomes,” Genome Research, vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 1818–1827, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  200. N. K. Singh, S. Raghuvanshi, S. K. Srivastava et al., “Sequence analysis of the long arm of rice chromosome 11 for rice-wheat synteny,” Functional and Integrative Genomics, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 102–117, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  201. J. Draper, L. A. J. Mur, G. Jenkins et al., “Brachypodium distachyon. A new model system for functional genomics in grasses,” Plant Physiology, vol. 127, no. 4, pp. 1539–1555, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  202. R. Hasterok, A. Marasek, I. S. Donnison et al., “Alignment of the genomes of Brachypodium distachyon and temperate cereals and grasses using bacterial artificial chromosome landing with fluorescence in situ hybridization,” Genetics, vol. 173, no. 1, pp. 349–362, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  203. J. P. Vogel, Y. Q. Gu, P. Twigg et al., “EST sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of the model grass Brachypodium distachyon,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 113, no. 2, pp. 186–195, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  204. E. Bossolini, T. Wicker, P. A. Knobel, and B. Keller, “Comparison of orthologous loci from small grass genomes Brachypodium and rice: implications for wheat genomics and grass genome annotation,” The Plant Journal, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 704–717, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  205. Y. Xie, Z. Ni, Y. Yao, Y. Yin, Q. Zhang, and Q. Sun, “Analysis of differential cytosine methylation during seed development in wheat,” in Proceedings of the Plant Genomics in China VIII, p. 60, Shanghai, China, August 2007.
  206. N. Shitsukawa, C. Tahira, K.-I. Kassai et al., “Genetic and epigenetic alteration among three homoeologous genes of a class E MADS box gene in hexaploid wheat,” Plant Cell, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 1723–1737, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  207. Y. Nemoto, M. Kisaka, T. Fuse, M. Yano, and Y. Ogihara, “Characterization and functional analysis of three wheat genes with homology to the CONSTANS flowering time gene in transgenic rice,” The Plant Journal, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 82–93, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  208. N. Chantret, J. Salse, F. Sabot et al., “Molecular basis of evolutionary events that shaped the hardness locus in diploid and polyploid wheat species (Triticum and Aegilops),” The Plant Cell, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 1033–1045, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  209. T. Nomura, A. Ishihara, R. C. Yanagita, T. R. Endo, and H. Iwamura, “Three genomes differentially contribute to the biosynthesis of benzoxazinones in hexaploid wheat,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 102, no. 45, pp. 16490–16495, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  210. L. Comai, “Genetic and epigenetic interactions in allopolyploid plants,” Plant Molecular Biology, vol. 43, no. 2-3, pp. 387–399, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  211. Z. J. Chen and Z. Ni, “Mechanisms of genomic rearrangements and gene expression changes in plant polyploids,” BioEssays, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 240–252, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  212. M. Feldman, B. Liu, G. Segal, S. Abbo, A. A. Levy, and J. M. Vega, “Rapid elimination of low-copy DNA sequences in polyploid wheat: a possible mechanism for differentiation of homoeologous chromosomes,” Genetics, vol. 147, no. 3, pp. 1381–1387, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  213. B. Liu, J. M. Vega, G. Segal, S. Abbo, M. Rodova, and M. Feldman, “Rapid genomic changes in newly synthesized amphiploids of Triticum and Aegilops—I: changes in low-copy noncoding DNA sequences,” Genome, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 272–277, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  214. B. Liu, J. M. Vega, and M. Feldman, “Rapid genomic changes in newly synthesized amphiploids of Triticum and Aegilops—II: changes in low-copy coding DNA sequences,” Genome, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 535–542, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  215. L. Z. Xiong, C. G. Xu, M. A. S. Maroof, and Q. Zhang, “Patterns of cytosine methylation in an elite rice hybrid and its parental lines, detected by a methylation-sensitive amplification polymorphism technique,” Molecular and General Genetics, vol. 261, no. 3, pp. 439–446, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  216. H. Shaked, K. Kashkush, H. Özkan, M. Feldman, and A. A. Levy, “Sequence elimination and cytosine methylation are rapid and reproducible responses of the genome to wide hybridization and allopolyploidy in wheat,” Plant Cell, vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 1749–1759, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  217. K. Kashkush, M. Feldman, and A. A. Levy, “Gene loss, silencing and activation in a newly synthesized wheat allotetraploid,” Genetics, vol. 160, no. 4, pp. 1651–1659, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  218. A. A. Levy and M. Feldman, “Genetic and epigenetic reprogramming of the wheat genome upon allopolyploidization,” Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. 82, no. 4, pp. 607–613, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  219. P. He, B. R. Friebe, B. S. Gill, and J.-M. Zhou, “Allopolyploidy alters gene expression in the highly stable hexaploid wheat,” Plant Molecular Biology, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 401–414, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  220. P. L. Kulwal, R. Singh, H. S. Balyan, and P. K. Gupta, “Genetic basis of pre-harvest sprouting tolerance using single-locus and two-locus QTL analyses in bread wheat,” Functional & Integrative Genomics, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 94–101, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  221. P. L. Kulwal, N. Kumar, A. Kumar, R. K. Gupta, H. S. Balyan, and P. K. Gupta, “Gene networks in hexaploid wheat: interacting quantitative trait loci for grain protein content,” Functional & Integrative Genomics, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 254–259, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  222. N. Kumar, P. L. Kulwal, H. S. Balyan, and P. K. Gupta, “QTL mapping for yield and yield contributing traits in two mapping populations of bread wheat,” Molecular Breeding, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 163–177, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  223. P. Langridge, E. S. Lagudah, T. A. Holton, R. Appels, P. J. Sharp, and K. J. Chalmers, “Trends in genetic and genome analyses in wheat: a review,” Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 52, no. 11-12, pp. 1043–1077, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  224. A. Jahoor, L. Eriksen, and G. Backes, “QTLs and genes for disease resistance in barley and wheat,” in Cereal Genomics, P. K. Gupta and R. K. Varshney, Eds., pp. 199–251, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  225. R. Tuberosa and S. Salvi, “QTLs and genes for tolerance to abiotic stresses in cereals,” in Cereal Genomics, P. K. Gupta and R. K. Varshney, Eds., pp. 253–315, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  226. P. K. Gupta, S. Rustgi, and N. Kumar, “Genetic and molecular basis of grain size and grain number and its relevance to grain productivity in higher plants,” Genome, vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 565–571, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  227. W. Li and B. S. Gill, “Genomics for cereal improvement,” in Cereal Genomics, P. K. Gupta and R. K. Varshney, Eds., pp. 585–634, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  228. S. D. Tanksley and J. C. Nelson, “Advanced backcross QTL analysis: a method for the simultaneous discovery and transfer of valuable QTLs from unadapted germplasm into elite breeding lines,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 92, no. 2, pp. 191–203, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  229. X. Q. Huang, H. Kempf, M. W. Canal, and M. S. Röder, “Advanced backcross QTL analysis in progenies derived from a cross between a German elite winter wheat variety and a synthetic wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 109, no. 5, pp. 933–943, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  230. A. Kunert, A. A. Naz, O. Dedeck, K. Pillen, and J. Léon, “AB-QTL analysis in winter wheat—I: synthetic hexaploid wheat (T. turgidum ssp. dicoccoides×T. tauschii) as a source of favourable alleles for milling and baking quality traits,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 115, no. 5, pp. 683–695, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  231. N. Amiour, M. Merlino, P. Leroy, and G. Branlard, “Chromosome mapping and identification of amphiphilic proteins of hexaploid wheat kernels,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 108, no. 1, pp. 62–72, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  232. R. B. Flavell, M. D. Bennett, A. G. Seal, and J. Hutchinson, “Chromosome structure and organisation,” in Wheat Breeding, Its Scientific Basis, F. G. H. Lupton, Ed., pp. 211–268, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  233. G Kimber, “The B genome of wheat: the present status,” in Cytogenetics of Crop Plants, M. S. Swaminathan, P. K. Gupta, and U. Sinha, Eds., pp. 213–224, Macmillan, Delhi, India, 1983. View at Google Scholar
  234. G. Kimber and E. R. Sears, “Evolution in the genus Triticum and the origin of cultivated wheat,” in Wheat and Wheat Improvement, E. G. Heyne, Ed., pp. 154–164, American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Wis, USA, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  235. M. Feldman, F. G. H. Lupton, and T. E. Miller, “Wheats,” in Evolution of Crops, J. Smartt and N. W. Simmonds, Eds., pp. 184–192, Longman Scientific, London, UK, 2nd edition, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  236. B. S. Gill and B. Friebe, “Cytogenetics, phylogeny and evolution of cultivated wheats,” in Bread Wheat, Improvement and Production, B. C. Curtis, S. Rajaram, and H. G. Macpherson, Eds., Plant Production and Protection Series 30, FAO, Rome, Italy, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  237. Y. Yen, P. S. Baenziger, and R. Morris, “Genomic constitution of bread wheat: current status,” in Methods of Genome Analysis in Plants, P. P. Jauhar, Ed., pp. 359–373, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  238. A. A. Levy and M. Feldman, “The impact of polyploidy on grass genome evolution,” Plant Physiology, vol. 130, no. 4, pp. 1587–1593, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  239. K. S. Caldwell, J. Dvorak, E. S. Lagudah et al., “Sequence polymorphism in polyploid wheat and their D-genome diploid ancestor,” Genetics, vol. 167, no. 2, pp. 941–947, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  240. S. Huang, A. Sirikhachornkit, X. Su et al., “Genes encoding plastid acetyl-CoA carboxylase and 3-phosphoglycerate kinase of the Triticum/Aegilops complex and the evolutionary history of polyploid wheat,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 99, no. 12, pp. 8133–8138, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  241. B. Maestra and T. Naranjo, “Homoeologous relationships of Aegilops speltoides chromosomes to bread wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 97, no. 1-2, pp. 181–186, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  242. E. Nevo, A. B. Korol, A. Beiles, and T. Fahima, Evolution of Wild Emmer and Wheat Improvement, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2002.
  243. N. K. Blake, B. R. Lehfeldt, M. Lavin, and L. E. Talbert, “Phylogenetic reconstruction based on low copy DNA sequence data in an allopolyploid: the B genome of wheat,” Genome, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 351–360, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  244. B. Kilian, H. Özkan, O. Deusch et al., “Independent wheat B and G genome origins in outcrossing Aegilops progenitor haplotypes,” Molecular Biology and Evolution, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 217–227, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  245. L. E. Talbert and N. K. Blake, “Comparative DNA sequence analysis and the origin of wheat,” in Proceedings of the Plant & Animal Genomes VIII Conference, Town & Country Convention Center, San Diego, Calif, USA, January 2000.
  246. F. Sabot, B. Laubin, L. Amilhat, P. Leroy, P. Sourdille, and M. Bernard, “Evolution history of the Triticum sp. through the study of transposable elements,” in Proceedings of the Plant & Animal Genome XII Conference, p. 421, Town & Country Convention Center, San Diego, Calif, USA, January 2004.
  247. A. H. Schulman, P. K. Gupta, and R. K. Varshney, “Organization of retrotransposons and microsatellites in cereal genomes,” in Cereal Genomics, P. K. Gupta and R. K. Varshney, Eds., pp. 83–118, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  248. G. Schachermayr, H. Siedler, M. D. Gale, H. Winzeler, M. Winzeler, and B. Keller, “Identification and localization of molecular markers linked to the Lr9 leaf rust resistance gene of wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 88, no. 1, pp. 110–115, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  249. C. Feuillet, M. Messmer, G. Schachermayr, and B. Keller, “Genetic and physical characterization of the LR1 leaf rust resistance locus in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Molecular and General Genetics, vol. 248, no. 5, pp. 553–562, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  250. G. M. Schachermayr, M. M. Messmer, C. Feuillet, H. Winzeler, M. Winzeler, and B. Keller, “Identification of molecular markers linked to the Agropyron elongatum-derived leaf rust resistance gene Lr24 in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 90, no. 7-8, pp. 982–990, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  251. G. Schachermayr, C. Feuillet, and B. Keller, “Molecular markers for the detection of the wheat leaf rust resistance gene Lr10 in diverse genetic backgrounds,” Molecular Breeding, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 65–74, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  252. S. Naik, K. S. Gill, V. S. Prakasa Rao et al., “Identification of a STS marker linked to the Aegilops speltoides-derived leaf rust resistance gene Lr28 in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 97, no. 4, pp. 535–540, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  253. F. Sacco, E. Y. Suárez, and T. Naranjo, “Mapping of the leaf rust resistance gene Lr3 on chromosome 6B of Sinvalocho MA wheat,” Genome, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 686–690, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  254. R. Seyfarth, C. Feuillet, G. Schachermayr, M. Winzeler, and B. Keller, “Development of a molecular marker for the adult plant leaf rust resistance gene Lr35 in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 99, no. 3-4, pp. 554–560, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  255. M. Helguera, I. A. Khan, and J. Dubcovsky, “Development of PCR markers for the wheat leaf rust resistance gene Lr47,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 100, no. 7, pp. 1137–1143, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  256. M. Aghaee-Sarbarzeh, H. Singh, and H. S. Dhaliwal, “A microsatellite marker linked to leaf rust resistance transferred from Aegilops triuncialis into hexaploid wheat,” Plant Breeding, vol. 120, no. 3, pp. 259–261, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  257. R. Prins, J. Z. Groenewald, G. F. Marais, J. W. Snape, and R. M. D. Koebner, “AFLP and STS tagging of Lr19, a gene conferring resistance to leaf rust in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 103, no. 4, pp. 618–624, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  258. W. J. Raupp, S. Singh, G.L. Brown-Guedira, and B. S. Gill, “Cytogenetic and molecular mapping of the leaf rust resistance gene Lr39 in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 102, no. 2-3, pp. 347–352, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  259. S. Seah, H. Bariana, J. Jahier, K. Sivasithamparam, and E. S. Lagudah, “The introgressed segment carrying rust resistance genes Yr17, Lr37 and Sr38 in wheat can be assayed by a cloned disease resistance gene-like sequence,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 102, no. 4, pp. 600–605, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  260. C. Neu, N. Stein, and B. Keller, “Genetic mapping of the Lr20-Pm1 resistance locus reveals suppressed recombination on chromosome arm 7AL in hexaploid wheat,” Genome, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 737–744, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  261. D. P. Cherukuri, S. K. Gupta, A. Charpe et al., “Identification of a molecular marker linked to an Agropyron elongatum-derived gene Lr19 for leaf rust resistance in wheat,” Plant Breeding, vol. 122, no. 3, pp. 204–208, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  262. H.-Q. Ling, J. Qiu, R. P. Singh, and B. Keller, “Identification and genetic characterization of an Aegilops tauschii ortholog of the wheat leaf rust disease resistance gene Lr1,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 109, no. 6, pp. 1133–1138, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  263. D. P. Cherukuri, S. K. Gupta, A. Charpe et al., “Molecular mapping of Aegilops speltoides derived leaf rust resistance gene Lr28 in wheat,” Euphytica, vol. 143, no. 1-2, pp. 19–26, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  264. W. Spielmeyer, R. A. McIntosh, J. Kolmer, and E. S. Lagudah, “Powdery mildew resistance and Lr34/Yr18 genes for durable resistance to leaf and stripe rust cosegregate at a locus on the short arm of chromosome 7D of wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 111, no. 4, pp. 731–735, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  265. C. W. Hiebert, J. B. Thomas, and B. D. McCallum, “Locating the broad-spectrum wheat leaf rust resistance gene Lr52(LrW) to chromosome 5B by a new cytogenetic method,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 110, no. 8, pp. 1453–1457, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  266. S. K. Gupta, A. Charpe, K. V. Prabhu, and Q. M. R. Haque, “Identification and validation of molecular markers linked to the leaf rust resistance gene Lr19 in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 113, no. 6, pp. 1027–1036, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  267. E. Bossolini, S. G. Krattinger, and B. Keller, “Development of simple sequence repeat markers specific for the Lr34 resistance region of wheat using sequence information from rice and Aegilops tauschii,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 113, no. 6, pp. 1049–1062, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  268. C. W. Hiebert, J. B. Thomas, D. J. Somers, B. D. McCallum, and S. L. Fox, “Microsatellite mapping of adult-plant leaf rust resistance gene Lr22a in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 115, no. 6, pp. 877–884, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  269. J.-W. Qiu, A. C. Schürch, N. Yahiaoui et al., “Physical mapping and identification of a candidate for the leaf rust resistance gene Lr1 of wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 115, no. 2, pp. 159–168, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  270. D. E. Obert, A. K. Fritz, J. L. Moran, S. Singh, J. C. Rudd, and M. A. Menz, “Identification and molecular tagging of a gene from PI 289824 conferring resistance to leaf rust (Puccinia triticina) in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 110, no. 8, pp. 1439–1444, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  271. T. Schnurbusch, S. Paillard, A. Schori et al., “Dissection of quantitative and durable leaf rust resistance in Swiss winter wheat reveals a major resistance QTL in the Lr34 chromosomal region,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 108, no. 3, pp. 477–484, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  272. I. N. Leonova, L. I. Laikova, O. M. Popova, O. Unger, A. Börner, and M. S. Röder, “Detection of quantitative trait loci for leaf rust resistance in wheat—T. timopheevii/T. tauschii introgression lines,” Euphytica, vol. 155, no. 1-2, pp. 79–86, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  273. R. P. Singh, J. C. Nelson, and M. E. Sorrells, “Mapping Yr28 and other genes for resistance to stripe rust in wheat,” Crop Science, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 1148–1155, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  274. G. L. Sun, T. Fahima, A. B. Korol et al., “Identification of molecular markers linked to the Yr15 stripe rust resistance gene of wheat originated in wild emmer wheat, Triticum dicoccoides,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 95, no. 4, pp. 622–628, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  275. J. H. Peng, T. Fahima, M. S. Röder et al., “Microsatellite tagging of the stripe-rust resistance gene YrH52 derived from wild emmer wheat, Triticum dicoccoides, and suggestive negative crossover interference on chromosome 1B,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 98, no. 6-7, pp. 862–872, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  276. A. Börner, M. S. Röder, O. Unger, and A. Meinel, “The detection and molecular mapping of a major gene for non-specific adult-plant disease resistance against stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis) in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 100, no. 7, pp. 1095–1099, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  277. J. H. Peng, T. Fahima, M. S. Röder et al., “High-density molecular map of chromosome region harboring stripe-rust resistance genes YrH52 and Yr15 derived from wild emmer wheat, Triticum dicoccoides,” Genetica, vol. 109, no. 3, pp. 199–210, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  278. Z. X. Shi, X. M. Chen, R. F. Line, H. Leung, and C. R. Wellings, “Development of resistance gene analog polymorphism markers for the Yr9 gene resistance to wheat stripe rust,” Genome, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 509–516, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  279. J. Ma, R. Zhou, Y. Dong, L. Wang, X. Wang, and J. Jia, “Molecular mapping and detection of the yellow rust resistance gene Yr26 in wheat transferred from Triticum turgidum L. using microsatellite markers,” Euphytica, vol. 120, no. 2, pp. 219–226, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  280. L. Wang, J. Ma, R. Zhou, X. Wang, and J. Jia, “Molecular tagging of the yellow rust resistance gene Yr10 in common wheat, P.I.178383 (Triticum aestivum L.),” Euphytica, vol. 124, no. 1, pp. 71–73, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  281. C. Uauy, J. C. Brevis, X. Chen et al., “High-temperature adult-plant (HTAP) stripe rust resistance gene Yr36 from Triticum turgidum ssp. dicoccoides is closely linked to the grain protein content locus Gpc-B1,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 112, no. 1, pp. 97–105, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  282. G. Q. Li, Z. F. Li, W. Y. Yang et al., “Molecular mapping of stripe rust resistance gene YrCH42 in Chinese wheat cultivar Chuanmai 42 and its allelism with Yr24 and Yr26,” Theoretical and applied genetics, vol. 112, no. 8, pp. 1434–1440, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  283. Z. F. Li, T. C. Zheng, Z. H. He et al., “Molecular tagging of stripe rust resistance gene YrZH84 in Chinese wheat line Zhou 8425B,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 112, no. 6, pp. 1098–1103, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  284. H. S. Bariana, N. Parry, I. R. Barclay et al., “Identification and characterization of stripe rust resistance gene Yr34 in common wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 112, no. 6, pp. 1143–1148, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  285. C. Wang, Y. Zhang, D. Han et al., “SSR and STS markers for wheat stripe rust resistance gene Yr26,” Euphytica, vol. 159, no. 3, pp. 359–366, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  286. S. Mallard, D. Gaudet, A. Aldeia et al., “Genetic analysis of durable resistance to yellow rust in bread wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 110, no. 8, pp. 1401–1409, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  287. M. J. Christiansen, B. Feenstra, I. M. Skovgaard, and S. B. Andersen, “Genetic analysis of resistance to yellow rust in hexaploid wheat using a mixture model for multiple crosses,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 112, no. 4, pp. 581–591, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  288. J. G. Paull, M. A. Pallotta, P. Langridge, and T. T. The, “RFLP markers associated with Sr22 and recombination between chromosome 7A of bread wheat and the diploid species Triticum boeoticum,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 89, no. 7-8, pp. 1039–1045, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  289. W. Spielmeyer, P. J. Sharp, and E. S. Lagudah, “Identification and validation of markers linked to broad-spectrum stem rust resistance gene Sr2 in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Crop Science, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 333–336, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  290. P. A. Cuthbert, D. J. Somers, and A. Brulé-Babel, “Mapping of Fhb2 on chromosome 6BS: a gene controlling Fusarium head blight field resistance in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 114, no. 3, pp. 429–437, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  291. W. Bourdoncle and H. W. Ohm, “Quantitative trait loci for resistance to Fusarium head blight in recombinant inbred wheat lines from the cross huapei 57-2/Patterson,” Euphytica, vol. 131, no. 1, pp. 131–136, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  292. I. A. del Blanco, R. C. Frohberg, R. W. Stack, W. A. Berzonsky, and S. F. Kianian, “Detection of QTL linked to Fusarium head blight resistance in Sumai 3-derived North Dakota bread wheat lines,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 106, no. 6, pp. 1027–1031, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  293. F. Lin, Z. X. Kong, H. L. Zhu et al., “Mapping QTL associated with resistance to Fusarium head blight in the Nanda2419 × Wangshuibai population—I: type II resistance,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 109, no. 7, pp. 1504–1511, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  294. F. Lin, S. L. Xue, Z. Z. Zhang et al., “Mapping QTL associated with resistance to Fusarium head blight in the Nanda2419 × Wangshuibai population—II: type I resistance,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 112, no. 3, pp. 528–535, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  295. S. Paillard, T. Schnurbusch, R. Tiwari et al., “QTL analysis of resistance to Fusarium head blight in Swiss winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 109, no. 2, pp. 323–332, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  296. J. Gilsinger, L. Kong, X. Shen, and H. Ohm, “DNA markers associated with low Fusarium head blight incidence and narrow flower opening in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 110, no. 7, pp. 1218–1225, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  297. G. Jia, P. Chen, G. Qin et al., “QTLs for Fusarium head blight response in a wheat DH population of Wangshuibai/Alondra‘s’,” Euphytica, vol. 146, no. 3, pp. 183–191, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  298. X. Chen, J. D. Faris, J. Hu et al., “Saturation and comparative mapping of a major Fusarium head blight resistance QTL in tetraploid wheat,” Molecular Breeding, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 113–124, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  299. G.-L. Jiang, Y. Dong, J. Shi, and R. W. Ward, “QTL analysis of resistance to Fusarium head blight in the novel wheat germplasm CJ 9306—II: resistance to deoxynivalenol accumulation and grain yield loss,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 115, no. 8, pp. 1043–1052, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  300. A. Klahr, G. Zimmermann, G. Wenzel, and V. Mohler, “Effects of environment, disease progress, plant height and heading date on the detection of QTLs for resistance to Fusarium head blight in an European winter wheat cross,” Euphytica, vol. 154, no. 1-2, pp. 17–28, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  301. X. Shen and H. Ohm, “Molecular mapping of Thinopyrum-derived Fusarium head blight resistance in common wheat,” Molecular Breeding, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 131–140, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  302. W. Zhou, F. L. Kolb, G. Bai, G. Shaner, and L. L. Domier, “Genetic analysis of scab resistance QTL in wheat with microsatellite and AFLP markers,” Genome, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 719–727, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  303. W.-C. Zhou, F. L. Kolb, G.-H. Bai, L. L. Domier, L. K. Boze, and N. J. Smith, “Validation of a major QTL for scab resistance with SSR markers and use of marker-assisted selection in wheat,” Plant Breeding, vol. 122, no. 1, pp. 40–46, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  304. L. Hartl, H. Weiss, U. Stephan, F. J. Zeller, and A. Jahoor, “Molecular identification of powdery mildew resistance genes in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 90, no. 5, pp. 601–606, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  305. J. Jia, K. M. Devos, S. Chao, T. E. Miller, S. M. Reader, and M. D. Gale, “RFLP-based maps of the homoeologous group-6 chromosomes of wheat and their application in the tagging of Pm12, a powdery mildew resistance gene transferred from Aegilops speltoides to wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 92, no. 5, pp. 559–565, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  306. Z. Liu, Q. Sun, Z. Ni, and T. Yang, “Development of SCAR markers linked to the Pm21 gene conferring resistance to powdery mildew in common wheat,” Plant Breeding, vol. 118, no. 3, pp. 215–219, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  307. P. Sourdille, P. Robe, M.-H. Tixier, G. Doussinault, M.-T. Pavoinc, and M. Bernard, “Location of Pm3g, a powdery mildew resistance allele in wheat, by using a monosomic analysis and by identifying associated molecular markers,” Euphytica, vol. 110, no. 3, pp. 193–198, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  308. X. Q. Huang, S. L. K. Hsam, F. J. Zeller, G. Wenzel, and V. Mohler, “Molecular mapping of the wheat powdery mildew resistance gene Pm24 and marker validation for molecular breeding,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 101, no. 3, pp. 407–414, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  309. J. K. Rong, E. Millet, J. Manisterski, and M. Feldman, “A new powdery mildew resistance gene: introgression from wild emmer into common wheat and RFLP-based mapping,” Euphytica, vol. 115, no. 2, pp. 121–126, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  310. W. J. Tao, D. Liu, J. Y. Liu, Y. Feng, and P. Chen, “Genetic mapping of the powdery mildew resistance gene Pm6 in wheat by RFLP analysis,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 100, no. 3-4, pp. 564–568, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  311. K. Järve, H. O. Peusha, J. Tsymbalova, S. Tamm, K. M. Devos, and T. M. Enno, “Chromosomal location of a Triticum timopheevii-derived powdery mildew resistance gene transferred to common wheat,” Genome, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 377–381, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  312. V. Mohler, S. L. K. Hsam, F. J. Zeller, and G. Wenzel, “An STS marker distinguishing the rye-derived powdery mildew resistance alleles at the Pm8/Pm17 locus of common wheat,” Plant Breeding, vol. 120, no. 5, pp. 448–450, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  313. Y. Bougot, J. Lemoine, M. T. Pavoine, D. Barloy, and G. Doussinault, “Identification of a microsatellite marker associated with Pm3 resistance alleles to powdery mildew in wheat,” Plant Breeding, vol. 121, no. 4, pp. 325–329, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  314. F. J. Zeller, L. Kong, L. Hartl, V. Mohler, and S. L. K. Hsam, “Chromosomal location of genes for resistance to powdery mildew in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L. em Thell.) 7. Gene Pm29 in line Pova,” Euphytica, vol. 123, no. 2, pp. 187–194, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  315. Z. Liu, Q. Sun, Z. Ni, E. Nevo, and T. Yang, “Molecular characterization of a novel powdery mildew resistance gene Pm30 in wheat originating from wild emmer,” Euphytica, vol. 123, no. 1, pp. 21–29, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  316. C. Alberto, D. Renato, T. O. Antonio, C. Carla, P. Marina, and P. Enrico, “Genetic analysis of the Aegilops longissima 3S chromosome carrying the Pm13 resistance gene,” Euphytica, vol. 130, no. 2, pp. 177–183, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  317. Z.-Q. Ma, J.-B. Wei, and S.-H. Cheng, “PCR-based markers for the powdery mildew resistance gene Pm4a in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 109, no. 1, pp. 140–145, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  318. Y. C. Qiu, R. H. Zhou, X. Y. Kong, S. S. Zhang, and J. Z. Jia, “Microsatellite mapping of a Triticum urartu Tum. derived powdery mildew resistance gene transferred to common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 111, no. 8, pp. 1524–1531, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  319. L. M. Miranda, J. P. Murphy, D. Marshall, and S. Leath, “Pm34: a new powdery mildew resistance gene transferred from Aegilops tauschii Coss. to common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 113, no. 8, pp. 1497–1504, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  320. Z. Zhu, R. Zhou, X. Kong, Y. Dong, and J. Jia, “Microsatellite marker identification of a Triticum aestivumAegilops umbellulata substitution line with powdery mildew resistance,” Euphytica, vol. 150, no. 1-2, pp. 149–153, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  321. L. M. Miranda, J. P. Murphy, D. Marshall, C. Cowger, and S. Leath, “Chromosomal location of Pm35, a novel Aegilops tauschii derived powdery mildew resistance gene introgressed into common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 114, no. 8, pp. 1451–1456, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  322. G. Nematollahi, V. Mohler, G. Wenzel, F. J. Zeller, and S. L. K. Hsam, “Microsatellite mapping of powdery mildew resistance allele Pm5d from common wheat line IGV1-455,” Euphytica, vol. 159, no. 3, pp. 307–313, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  323. W. Song, H. Xie, Q. Liu et al., “Molecular identification of Pm12-carrying introgression lines in wheat using genomic and EST-SSR markers,” Euphytica, vol. 158, no. 1-2, pp. 95–102, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  324. N. Chantret, P. Sourdille, M. Röder, M. Tavaud, M. Bernard, and G. Doussinault, “Location and mapping of the powdery mildew resistance gene MlRE and detection of a resistance QTL by bulked segregant analysis (BSA) with microsatellites in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 100, no. 8, pp. 1217–1224, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  325. C. Xie, Q. Sun, Z. Ni, T. Yang, E. Nevo, and T. Fahima, “Chromosomal location of a Triticum dicoccoides-derived powdery mildew resistance gene in common wheat by using microsatellite markers,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 106, no. 2, pp. 341–345, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  326. Ch. Singrün, S. L. K. Hsam, F. J. Zeller, G. Wenzel, and V. Mohler, “Localization of a novel recessive powdery mildew resistance gene from common wheat line RD30 in the terminal region of chromosome 7AL,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 109, no. 1, pp. 210–214, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  327. M. Keller, B. Keller, G. Schachermayr et al., “Quantitative trait loci for resistance against powdery mildew in a segregating wheat × spelt population,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 98, no. 6-7, pp. 903–912, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  328. S. Liu, C. A. Griffey, and M. A. Saghai Maroof, “Identification of molecular markers associated with adult plant resistance to powdery mildew in common wheat cultivar Massey,” Crop Science, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 1268–1275, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  329. D. Mingeot, N. Chantret, P. V. Baret et al., “Mapping QTL involved in adult plant resistance to powdery mildew in the winter wheat line RE714 in two susceptible genetic backgrounds,” Plant Breeding, vol. 121, no. 2, pp. 133–140, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  330. Y. Bougot, J. Lemoine, M. T. Pavoine et al., “A major QTL effect controlling resistance to powdery mildew in winter wheat at the adult plant stage,” Plant Breeding, vol. 125, no. 6, pp. 550–556, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  331. D. M. Tucker, C. A. Griffey, S. Liu, G. Brown-Guedira, D. S. Marshall, and M. A. S. Maroof, “Confirmation of three quantitative trait loci conferring adult plant resistance to powdery mildew in two winter wheat populations,” Euphytica, vol. 155, no. 1-2, pp. 1–13, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  332. A. Laroche, T. Demeke, D. A. Gaudet, B. Puchalski, M. Frick, and R. McKenzie, “Development of a PCR marker for rapid identification of the Bt-10 gene for common bunt resistance in wheat,” Genome, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 217–223, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  333. B. Fofana, D. G. Humphreys, S. Cloutier, C. A. McCartney, and D. J. Somers, “Mapping quantitative trait loci controlling common bunt resistance in a doubled haploid population derived from the spring wheat cross RL4452×AC Domain,” Molecular Breeding, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 317–325, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  334. J. D. Faris, J. A. Anderson, L. J. Francl, and J. G. Jordahl, “RFLP mapping of resistance to chlorosis induction by Pyrenophora tritici-repentis in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 98–103, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  335. P. K. Singh, M. Mergoum, T. B. Adhikari, S. F. Kianian, and E. M. Elias, “Chromosomal location of genes for seedling resistance to tan spot and Stagonospora nodorum blotch in tetraploid wheat,” Euphytica, vol. 155, no. 1-2, pp. 27–34, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  336. W. Tadesse, M. Schmolke, S. L. K. Hsam, V. Mohler, G. Wenzel, and F. J. Zeller, “Molecular mapping of resistance genes to tan spot [Pyrenophora tritici-repentis race 1] in synthetic wheat lines,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 114, no. 5, pp. 855–862, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  337. L. S. Arraiano, A. J. Worland, C. Ellerbrook, and J. K. M. Brown, “Chromosomal location of a gene for resistance to septoria tritici blotch (Mycosphaerella graminicola) in the hexaploid wheat ‘Synthetic 6x’,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 103, no. 5, pp. 758–764, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  338. M. R. Simón, F. M. Ayala, C. A. Cordo, M. S. Röder, and A. Börner, “Molecular mapping of quantitative trait loci determining resistance to septoria tritici blotch caused by Mycosphaerella graminicola in wheat,” Euphytica, vol. 138, no. 1, pp. 41–48, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  339. L. Ayala, M. Henry, M. van Ginkel, R. Singh, B. Keller, and M. Khairallah, “Identification of QTLs for BYDV tolerance in bread wheat,” Euphytica, vol. 128, no. 2, pp. 249–259, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  340. V. Aguilar, P. Stamp, M. Winzeler et al., “Inheritance of field resistance to Stagonospora nodorum leaf and glume blotch and correlations with other morphological traits in hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 111, no. 2, pp. 325–336, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  341. L. E. Talbert, P. L. Bruckner, L. Y. Smith, R. Sears, and T. J. Martin, “Development of PCR markers linked to resistance to wheat streak mosaic virus in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 93, no. 3, pp. 463–467, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  342. A. A. Khan, G. C. Bergstrom, J. C. Nelson, and M. E. Sorrells, “Identification of RFLP markers for resistance to wheat spindle streak mosaic bymovirus (WSSMV) disease,” Genome, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 477–482, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  343. W. Liu, H. Nie, S. Wang et al., “Mapping a resistance gene in wheat cultivar Yangfu 9311 to yellow mosaic virus, using microsatellite markers,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 111, no. 4, pp. 651–657, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  344. R. C. de la Peña, T. D. Murray, and S. S. Jones, “Identification of an RFLP interval containing Pch2 on chromosome 7AL in wheat,” Genome, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 249–252, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  345. V. Huguet-Robert, F. Dedryver, M. S. Röder et al., “Isolation of a chromosomally engineered durum wheat line carrying the Aegilops ventricosaPch1 gene for resistance to eyespot,” Genome, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 345–349, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  346. J. Z. Groenewald, A. S. Marais, and G. F. Marais, “Amplified fragment length polymorphism-derived microsatellite sequence linked to the Pch1 and Ep-D1 loci in common wheat,” Plant Breeding, vol. 122, no. 1, pp. 83–85, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  347. Y. Weng and M. D. Lazar, “Amplified fragment length polymorphism- and simple sequence repeat-based molecular tagging and mapping of greenbug resistance gene Gb3 in wheat,” Plant Breeding, vol. 121, no. 3, pp. 218–223, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  348. E. Boyko, S. Starkey, and M. Smith, “Molecular genetic mapping of Gby, a new greenbug resistance gene in bread wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 109, no. 6, pp. 1230–1236, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  349. Y. Weng, W. Li, R. N. Devkota, and J. C. Rudd, “Microsatellite markers associated with two Aegilops tauschii-derived greenbug resistance loci in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 110, no. 3, pp. 462–469, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  350. L. C. Zhu, C. M. Smith, A. Fritz, E. Boyko, P. Voothuluru, and B. S. Gill, “Inheritance and molecular mapping of new greenbug resistance genes in wheat germplasms derived from Aegilops tauschii,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 111, no. 5, pp. 831–837, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  351. Z.-Q. Ma, B. S. Gill, M. E. Sorrells, and S. D. Tanksley, “RELP markers linked to two Hessian fly-resistance genes in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) from Triticum tauschii (coss.) Schmal,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 85, no. 6-7, pp. 750–754, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  352. I. Dweikat, H. W. Ohm, S. Mackenzie, F. Patterson, S. Cambron, and R. Ratcliffe, “Association of a DNA marker with Hessian fly resistance gene H9 in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 89, no. 7-8, pp. 964–968, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  353. I. Dweikat, H. W. Ohm, F. Patterson, and S. Cambron, “Identification of RAPD markers for 11 Hessian fly resistance genes in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 94, no. 3-4, pp. 419–423, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  354. Y. W. Seo, J. W. Johnson, and R. L. Jarret, “A molecular marker associated with the H21 Hessian fly resistance gene in wheat,” Molecular Breeding, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 177–181, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  355. I. Dweikat, W. Zhang, and H. W. Ohm, “Development of STS markers linked to Hessian fly resistance gene H6 in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 105, no. 5, pp. 766–770, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  356. X. M. Liu, B. S. Gill, and M.-S. Chen, “Hessian fly resistance gene H13 is mapped to a distal cluster of resistance genes in chromosome 6DS of wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 111, no. 2, pp. 243–249, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  357. T. Wang, S. S. Xu, M. O. Harris, J. Hu, L. Liu, and X. Cai, “Genetic characterization and molecular mapping of Hessian fly resistance genes derived from Aegilops tauschii in synthetic wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 113, no. 4, pp. 611–618, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  358. H. X. Zhao, X. M. Liu, and M.-S. Chen, “H22, a major resistance gene to the Hessian fly (Mayetiola destructor), is mapped to the distal region of wheat chromosome 1DS,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 113, no. 8, pp. 1491–1496, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  359. L. Kong, S. E. Cambron, and H. W. Ohm, “Hessian fly resistance genes H16 and H17 are mapped to a resistance gene cluster in the distal region of chromosome 1AS in wheat,” Molecular Breeding, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 183–194, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  360. X. M. Liu, C. M. Smith, B. S. Gill, and V. Tolmay, “Microsatellite markers linked to six Russian wheat aphid resistance genes in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 102, no. 4, pp. 504–510, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  361. C. A. Miller, A. Altinkut, and N. L. V. Lapitan, “A microsatellite marker for tagging Dn2, a wheat gene conferring resistance to the Russian wheat aphid,” Crop Science, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 1584–1589, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  362. X. M. Liu, C. M. Smith, and B. S. Gill, “Identification of microsatellite markers linked to Russian wheat aphid resistance genes Dn4 and Dn6,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 104, no. 6-7, pp. 1042–1048, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  363. K. J. Williams, J. M. Fisher, and P. Langridge, “Identification of RFLP markers linked to the cereal cyst nematode resistance gene (Cre) in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 89, no. 7-8, pp. 927–930, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  364. J. Jahier, P. Abelard, A. M. Tanguy et al., “The Aegilops ventricosa segment on chromosome 2AS of the wheat cultivar ‘VPM1’ carries the cereal cyst nematode resistance gene Cre5,” Plant Breeding, vol. 120, no. 2, pp. 125–128, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  365. F. C. Ogbonnaya, S. Seah, A. Delibes et al., “Molecular-genetic characterisation of a new nematode resistance gene in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 102, no. 4, pp. 623–629, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  366. D. Barloy, J. Lemoine, F. Dredryver, and J. Jahier, “Molecular markers linked to the Aegilops variabilis-derived root-knot nematode resistance gene Rkn-mn1 in wheat,” Plant Breeding, vol. 119, no. 2, pp. 169–172, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  367. K. J. Williams, S. P. Taylor, P. Bogacki, M. Pallotta, H. S. Bariana, and H. Wallwork, “Mapping of the root lesion nematode (Pratylenchus neglectus) resistance gene Rlnn1 in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 104, no. 5, pp. 874–879, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  368. K. Kato, W. Nakamura, T. Tabiki, H. Miura, and S. Sawada, “Detection of loci controlling seed dormancy on group 4 chromosomes of wheat and comparative mapping with rice and barley genomes,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 102, no. 6-7, pp. 980–985, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  369. J. Flintham, R. Adlam, M. Bassoi, M. Holdsworth, and M. D. Gale, “Mapping genes for resistance to sprouting damage in wheat,” Euphytica, vol. 126, no. 1, pp. 39–45, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  370. H. Miura, N. Sato, K. Kato, and Y. Amano, “Detection of chromosomes carrying genes for seed dormancy of wheat using the backcross reciprocal monosomic method,” Plant Breeding, vol. 121, no. 5, pp. 394–399, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  371. M. Osa, K. Kato, M. Mori, C. Shindo, A. Torada, and H. Miura, “Mapping QTLs for seed dormancy and the Vp1 homologue on chromosome 3A in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 106, no. 8, pp. 1491–1496, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  372. P. L. Kulwal, N. Kumar, A. Gaur et al., “Mapping of a major QTL for pre-harvest sprouting tolerance on chromosome 3A in bread wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 111, no. 6, pp. 1052–1059, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  373. D. Mares, K. Mrva, J. Cheong et al., “A QTL located on chromosome 4A associated with dormancy in white- and red-grained wheats of diverse origin,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 111, no. 7, pp. 1357–1364, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  374. L. R. Joppa, C. Du, G. E. Hart, and G. A. Hareland, “Mapping gene(s) for grain protein in tetraploid wheat (Triticum turgidum L.) using a population of recombinant inbred chromosome lines,” Crop Science, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 1586–1589, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  375. M. Prasad, N. Kumar, P. L. Kulwal et al., “QTL analysis for grain protein content using SSR markers and validation studies using NILs in bread wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 106, no. 4, pp. 659–667, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  376. A. Blanco, R. Simeone, and A. Gadaleta, “Detection of QTLs for grain protein content in durum wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 112, no. 7, pp. 1195–1204, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  377. G. D. Parker, K. J. Chalmers, A. J. Rathjen, and P. Langridge, “Mapping loci associated with flour colour in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 97, no. 1-2, pp. 238–245, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  378. G. D. Parker, K. J. Chalmers, A. J. Rathjen, and P. Langridge, “Mapping loci associated with milling yield in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Molecular Breeding, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 561–568, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  379. M. R. Perretant, T. Cadalen, G. Charmet et al., “QTL analysis of bread-making quality in wheat using a doubled haploid population,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 100, no. 8, pp. 1167–1175, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  380. G. Charmet, N. Robert, G. Branlard, L. Linossier, P. Martre, and E. Triboï, “Genetic analysis of dry matter and nitrogen accumulation and protein composition in wheat kernels,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 111, no. 3, pp. 540–550, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  381. W. Ma, R. Appels, F. Bekes, O. Larroque, M. K. Morell, and K. R. Gale, “Genetic characterisation of dough rheological properties in a wheat doubled haploid population: additive genetic effects and epistatic interactions,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 111, no. 3, pp. 410–422, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  382. M. Arbelbide and R. Bernardo, “Mixed-model QTL mapping for kernel hardness and dough strength in bread wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 112, no. 5, pp. 885–890, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  383. O. Dobrovolskaya, V. S. Arbuzova, U. Lohwasser, M. S. Röder, and A. Börner, “Microsatellite mapping of complementary genes for purple grain colour in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) L.,” Euphytica, vol. 150, no. 3, pp. 355–364, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  384. J. C. Nelson, C. Andreescu, F. Breseghello et al., “Quantitative trait locus analysis of wheat quality traits,” Euphytica, vol. 149, no. 1-2, pp. 145–159, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  385. F. Chen, Z. Luo, Z. Zhang, G. Xia, and H. Min, “Variation and potential value in wheat breeding of low-molecular-weight glutenin subunit genes cloned by genomic and RT-PCR in a derivative of somatic introgression between common wheat and Agropyron elongatum,” Molecular Breeding, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 141–152, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  386. C. J. Pozniak, R. E. Knox, F. R. Clarke, and J. M. Clarke, “Identification of QTL and association of a phytoene synthase gene with endosperm colour in durum wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 114, no. 3, pp. 525–537, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  387. T. Cadalen, P. Sourdille, G. Charmet et al., “Molecular markers linked to genes affecting plant height in wheat using a doubled-haploid population,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 96, no. 6-7, pp. 933–940, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  388. V. Korzun, M. S. Röder, M. W. Ganal, A. J. Worland, and C. N. Law, “Genetic analysis of the dwarfing gene (Rht8) in wheat—I: molecular mapping of Rht8 on the short arm of chromosome 2D of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 96, no. 8, pp. 1104–1109, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  389. M. H. Ellis, D. G. Bonnett, and G. J. Rebetzke, “A 192bp allele at the Xgwm261 locus is not always associated with the Rht8 dwarfing gene in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Euphytica, vol. 157, no. 1-2, pp. 209–214, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  390. V. Kuraparthy, S. Sood, H. S. Dhaliwal, P. Chhuneja, and B. S. Gill, “Identification and mapping of a tiller inhibition gene (tin3) in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 114, no. 2, pp. 285–294, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  391. K. Kosuge, N. Watanabe, T. Kuboyama et al., “Cytological and microsatellite mapping of mutant genes for spherical grain and compact spikes in durum wheat,” Euphytica, vol. 159, no. 3, pp. 289–296, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  392. K. Kato, H. Miura, and S. Sawada, “QTL mapping of genes controlling ear emergence time and plant height on chromosome 5A of wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 98, no. 3-4, pp. 472–477, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  393. P. Sourdille, J. W. Snape, T. Cadalen et al., “Detection of QTLs for heading time-and photoperiod response in wheat using a doubled-haploid population,” Genome, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 487–494, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  394. E. Hanocq, M. Niarquin, E. Heumez, M. Rousset, and J. Le Gouis, “Detection and mapping of QTL for earliness components in a bread wheat recombinant inbred lines population,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 110, no. 1, pp. 106–115, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  395. X. Xu, G. Bai, B. F. Carver, and G. E. Shaner, “A QTL for early heading in wheat cultivar Suwon 92,” Euphytica, vol. 146, no. 3, pp. 233–237, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  396. E. Hanocq, A. Laperche, O. Jaminon, A.-L. Lainé, and J. Le Gouis, “Most significant genome regions involved in the control of earliness traits in bread wheat, as revealed by QTL meta-analysis,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 114, no. 3, pp. 569–584, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  397. K. Kato, H. Miura, and S. Sawada, “Mapping QTLs controlling grain yield and its components on chromosome 5A of wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 101, no. 7, pp. 1114–1121, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  398. B. Narasimhamoorthy, B. S. Gill, A. K. Fritz, J. C. Nelson, and G. L. Brown-Guedira, “Advanced backcross QTL analysis of a hard winter wheat × synthetic wheat population,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 112, no. 5, pp. 787–796, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  399. F. M. Kirigwi, M. van Ginkel, G. Brown-Guedira, B. S. Gill, G. M. Paulsen, and A. K. Fritz, “Markers associated with a QTL for grain yield in wheat under drought,” Molecular Breeding, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 401–413, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  400. H. Kuchel, K. J. Williams, P. Langridge, H. A. Eagles, and S. P. Jefferies, “Genetic dissection of grain yield in bread wheat—I: QTL analysis,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 115, no. 8, pp. 1029–1041, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  401. Z. Ma, D. Zhao, C. Zhang et al., “Molecular genetic analysis of five spike-related traits in wheat using RIL and immortalized F2 populations,” Molecular Genetics and Genomics, vol. 277, no. 1, pp. 31–42, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  402. N. Kumar, P. L. Kulwal, A. Gaur et al., “QTL analysis for grain weight in common wheat,” Euphytica, vol. 151, no. 2, pp. 135–144, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  403. K. Kato, H. Miura, M. Akiyama, M. Kuroshima, and S. Sawada, “RFLP mapping of the three major genes, Vrn1, Q and B1, on the long arm of chromosome 5A of wheat,” Euphytica, vol. 101, no. 1, pp. 91–95, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  404. Z. S. Peng, C. Yen, and J. L. Yang, “Chromosomal location of genes for supernumerary spikelet in bread wheat,” Euphytica, vol. 103, no. 1, pp. 109–114, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  405. E. Salina, A. Börner, I. Leonova et al., “Microsatellite mapping of the induced sphaerococcoid mutation genes in Triticum aestivum,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. 686–689, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  406. L. Bullrich, M. L. Appendino, G. Tranquilli, S. Lewis, and J. Dubcovsky, “Mapping of a thermo-sensitive earliness per se gene on Triticum monococcum chromosome 1Am,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 105, no. 4, pp. 585–593, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  407. E. K. Khlestkina, E. G. Pestsova, M. S. Röder, and A. Börner, “Molecular mapping, phenotypic expression and geographical distribution of genes determining anthocyanin pigmentation of coleoptiles in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 104, no. 4, pp. 632–637, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  408. Q. H. Xing, Z. G. Ru, C. J. Zhou et al., “Genetic analysis, molecular tagging and mapping of the thermo-sensitive genic male-sterile gene (wtms1) in wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 107, no. 8, pp. 1500–1504, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  409. C.-G. Chu, J. D. Faris, T. L. Friesen, and S. S. Xu, “Molecular mapping of hybrid necrosis genes Ne1 and Ne2 in hexaploid wheat using microsatellite markers,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 112, no. 7, pp. 1374–1381, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  410. O. Dobrovolskaya, T. A. Pshenichnikova, V. S. Arbuzova, U. Lohwasser, M. S. Röder, and A. Börner, “Molecular mapping of genes determining hairy leaf character in common wheat with respect to other species of the Triticeae,” Euphytica, vol. 155, no. 3, pp. 285–293, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  411. S. Houshmand, R. E. Knox, F. R. Clarke, and J. M. Clarke, “Microsatellite markers flanking a stem solidness gene on chromosome 3BL in durum wheat,” Molecular Breeding, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 261–270, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  412. M. Keller, Ch. Karutz, J. E. Schmid et al., “Quantitative trait loci for lodging resistance in a segregating wheat × spelt population,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 98, no. 6-7, pp. 1171–1182, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  413. L. Hai, H. Guo, S. Xiao et al., “Quantitative trait loci (QTL) of stem strength and related traits in a doubled-haploid population of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Euphytica, vol. 141, no. 1-2, pp. 1–9, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  414. V. J. Nalam, M. I. Vales, C. J. W. Watson, S. F. Kianian, and O. Riera-Lizarazu, “Map-based analysis of genes affecting the brittle rachis character in tetraploid wheat (Triticum turgidum L.),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 112, no. 2, pp. 373–381, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  415. G. J. Rebetzke, M. H. Ellis, D. G. Bonnett, and R. A. Richards, “Molecular mapping of genes for coleoptile growth in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 114, no. 7, pp. 1173–1183, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  416. G. Zhang and M. Mergoum, “Molecular mapping of kernel shattering and its association with Fusarium head blight resistance in a Sumai3 derived population,” in Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 115, pp. 757–766, October 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  417. K. Kato, S. Kidou, H. Miura, and S. Sawada, “Molecular cloning of the wheat CK2α gene and detection of its linkage with Vrn-A1 on chromosome 5A,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 104, no. 6-7, pp. 1071–1077, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  418. Q. Liu, Z. Ni, H. Peng, W. Song, Z. Liu, and Q. Sun, “Molecular mapping of a dominant non-glaucousness gene from synthetic hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.): molecular mapping of non-glaucousness gene in wheat,” Euphytica, vol. 155, no. 1-2, pp. 71–78, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  419. A. Carrera, V. Echenique, W. Zhang et al., “A deletion at the Lpx-B1 locus is associated with low lipoxygenase activity and improved pasta color in durum wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. durum),” Journal of Cereal Science, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 67–77, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  420. X. Y. He, Z. H. He, L. P. Zhang et al., “Allelic variation of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) genes located on chromosomes 2A and 2D and development of functional markers for the PPO genes in common wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 115, no. 1, pp. 47–58, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  421. S. Nakamura, T. Komatsuda, and H. Miura, “Mapping diploid wheat homologues of Arabidopsis seed ABA signaling genes and QTLs for seed dormancy,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 114, no. 7, pp. 1129–1139, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  422. R. Raman, H. Raman, and P. Martin, “Functional gene markers for polyphenol oxidase locus in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Molecular Breeding, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 315–328, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  423. D.-L. Yang, R.-L. Jing, X.-P. Chang, and W. Li, “Identification of quantitative trait loci and environmental interactions for accumulation and remobilization of water-soluble carbohydrates in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) stems,” Genetics, vol. 176, no. 1, pp. 571–584, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  424. V. Mohler, R. Lukman, S. Ortiz-Islas et al., “Genetic and physical mapping of photoperiod insensitive gene Ppd-B1 in common wheat,” Euphytica, vol. 138, no. 1, pp. 33–40, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  425. H. Raman, R. Raman, R. Wood, and P. Martin, “Repetitive indel markers within the ALMT1 gene conditioning aluminium tolerance in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Molecular Breeding, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 171–183, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  426. L.-L. Zhou, G.-H. Bai, H.-X. Ma, and B. F. Carver, “Quantitative trait loci for aluminum resistance in wheat,” Molecular Breeding, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 153–161, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  427. S. P. Jefferies, M. A. Pallotta, J. G. Paull et al., “Mapping and validation of chromosome regions conferring boron toxicity tolerance in wheat (Triticum aestivum),” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 101, no. 5-6, pp. 767–777, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  428. B. Tóth, G. Galiba, E. Fehér, J. Sutka, and J. W. Snape, “Mapping genes affecting flowering time and frost resistance on chromosome 5B of wheat,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 107, no. 3, pp. 509–514, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  429. L. Ma, E. Zhou, N. Huo, R. Zhou, G. Wang, and J. Jia, “Genetic analysis of salt tolerance in a recombinant inbred population of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),” Euphytica, vol. 153, no. 1-2, pp. 109–117, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  430. J. Peng, Y. Ronin, T. Fahima et al., “Domestication quantitative trait loci in Triticum dicoccoides, the progenitor of wheat,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. 2489–2494, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  431. C. Pozzi, L. Rossini, A. Vecchietti, and F. Salamini, “Gene and genome changes during domestication of cereals,” in Cereal Genomics, P. K. Gupta, R. K. Varshney et al., Eds., pp. 165–198, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  432. J. Dubcovsky and J. Dvorak, “Genome plasticity a key factor in the success of polyploid wheat under domestication,” Science, vol. 316, no. 5833, pp. 1862–1866, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  433. C. Uauy, J. C. Brevis, and J. Dubcovsky, “The high grain protein content gene Gpc-B1 accelerates senescence and has pleiotropic effects on protein content in wheat,” Journal of Experimental Botany, vol. 57, no. 11, pp. 2785–2794, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  434. S. A. Flint-Garcia, A.-C. Thuillet, J. Yu et al., “Maize association population: a high-resolution platform for quantitative trait locus dissection,” The Plant Journal, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 1054–1064, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  435. J. Yu and E. S. Buckler, “Genetic association mapping and genome organization of maize,” Current Opinion in Biotechnology, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 155–160, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  436. F. Breseghello and M. E. Sorrells, “Association mapping of kernel size and milling quality in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars,” Genetics, vol. 172, no. 2, pp. 1165–1177, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  437. C. Ravel, S. Praud, and A. Murigneux, “Identification of Glu-B1-1 as a candidate gene for the quantity of high-molecular-weight glutenin in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) by means of an association study,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 112, no. 4, pp. 738–743, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  438. J. Crossa, J. Burgueño, S. Dreisigacker et al., “Association analysis of historical bread wheat germplasm using additive genetic covariance of relatives and population structure,” Genetics, vol. 177, no. 3, pp. 1889–1913, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  439. L. Tommasini, T. Schnurbusch, D. Fossati, F. Mascher, and B. Keller, “Association mapping of Stagonospora nodorum blotch resistance in modern European winter wheat varieties,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 115, no. 5, pp. 697–708, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  440. J. Dubcovsky, “Marker-assisted selection in public breeding programs: the wheat experience,” Crop Science, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 1895–1898, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  441. M. E. Sorrells, “Application of new knowledge, technologies, and strategies to wheat improvement,” Euphytica, vol. 157, no. 3, pp. 299–306, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  442. H. A. Eagles, H. S. Bariana, F. C. Ogbonnaya et al., “Implementation of markers in Australian wheat breeding,” Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 52, no. 11-12, pp. 1349–1356, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  443. F. C. Ogbonnaya, N. C. Subrahmanyam, O. Moullet et al., “Diagnostic DNA markers for cereal cyst nematode resistance in bread wheat,” Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 52, no. 11-12, pp. 1367–1374, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  444. S. Landjeva, V. Korzun, and A. Börner, “Molecular markers: actual and potential contributions to wheat genome characterization and breeding,” Euphytica, vol. 156, no. 3, pp. 271–296, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  445. H. Kuchel, G. Ye, R. Fox, and S. Jefferies, “Genetic and economic analysis of a targeted marker-assisted wheat breeding strategy,” Molecular Breeding, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 67–78, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  446. H. Kuchel, R. Fox, J. Reinheimer et al., “The successful application of a marker-assisted wheat breeding strategy,” Molecular Breeding, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 295–308, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  447. H. M. William, R. Trethowan, and E. M. Crosby-Galvan, “Wheat breeding assisted by markers: CIMMYT's experience,” Euphytica, vol. 157, no. 3, pp. 307–319, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  448. C. Lange and J. C. Whittaker, “On prediction of genetic values in marker-assisted selection,” Genetics, vol. 159, no. 3, pp. 1375–1381, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  449. N. Radovanovic and S. Cloutier, “Gene-assisted selection for high molecular weight glutenin subunits in wheat doubled haploid breeding programs,” Molecular Breeding, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 51–59, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  450. C. M. Bowman, C. J. Howe, and T. A. Dyer, “Molecular mechanisms contributing to the evolution of (wheat) chloroplast genomes,” in Proceedings of the 7th International Wheat Genetics Symposium, T. E. Miller and R. M. D. Koebner, Eds., pp. 69–73, Cambridge, UK, July 1988.
  451. Y. Ogihara, “Genome science of polyploid wheat,” in Frontiers of Wheat Bioscience. The 100th Memorial Issue of Wheat Information Service, K. Tsunewaki, Ed., pp. 169–184, Kihara Memorial Yokohama Foundation for the Advancement of Life Sciences, Yokohama, Japan, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  452. K. Tsunewaki, “Plasmon differentiation in Triticum and Aegilops revealed by cytoplasmic effects on the wheat genome manifestation,” in Proceedings of the US-Japan Symposium on Classical and Molecular Cytogenetic Analysis of Cereal Genomes, W. J. Raupp and B. S. Gill, Eds., pp. 38–48, Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station, Manhattan, NY, USA, 1995.
  453. K. J. Newton, “Plant mitochondrial genomes: organization, expression and variation,” Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, vol. 39, pp. 503–532, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar