Table 5: A list of gene/QTL tagged/mapped in wheat. RSL = recombinant substitution line, CSL = chromosome substitution line, RIL = recombinant inbred lines, DH = double haploid, RICL = recombinant inbred chromosome lines, SCRI = single-chromosome recombinant lines, AL = addition lines, BIL = backcross inbred lines, NIL = near isogenic lines, TC = test cross.

TraitGene/QTL (chromosome)Mapping populationReference

Disease
(i) Leaf rust resistanceLr9 (6BL)NILs[248]
Lr1 (5DL) [249]
Lr24 (3DL) [250]
Lr10 (1AS) [251]
Lr28 (4AL) [252]
Lr3 (6BL) [253]
Lr35 (2B) [254]
Lr47 (7A)B [255]
LrTr (4BS) [256]
Lr19 (7DL)Deletion lines[257]
Lr39 (=Lr41)(2DS) [258]
Lr37 (2AS)NILs[259]
Lr20 (7AL) [260]
Lr19 (7D) [261]
Lr21/Lr40 (1DS) [88]
Lr1 (5DL) families[262]
Lr28 (-) [263]
Lr34 (7D)RILs[264]
Lr52 (LrW) (5B) [265]
Lr16 (2BS)DH[50]
Lr19 (7DL) [266]
Lr24 (3DL) [266]
Lr34 (7DS)RILs[267]
Lr22a (2DS) [268]
Lr1 (5DL)RILs[269]
Unknown (5B) lines[270]
QTL (7D, 1BS)RILs[271]
QTL (2D, 2B) [272]
QTL (7DS, linked to Lr34)RILs[273]
(ii) Stripe rust resistanceYr15 (1B) [274]
YrH52 (1B) [275]
Yrns-B1 (3BS) lines[276]
Yr15 (1B) lines[277]
Yr28 (4DS)RILs[273]
Yr9 (1B/1R)B [278]
Yr17 (2A)NILs[259]
Yr26 (1BS) lines[279]
Yr10 (1B) lines[280]
Yr5 (2B)B [131]
Yr18 (7D)RILs[264]
Yr36 (6B)RILs[281]
YrCH42 (1B) [282]
YrZH84 (7BL) , [283]
Yr34 (5AL)DH[284]
Yr26 (1B) lines[285]
QTL (2D, 5B, 2B, 2A)RILs[286]
QTL (2AL, 2AS, 2BL, 6BL)DH[287]
(iii) Stem rust resistanceSr22 (7A)F2[288]
Sr38 (2AS)NILs[259]
Sr2 (3BS) lines[289]
(iv) Fusarium head blight resistanceFhb2 (6BS)RILs[290]
QTL (5A, 3B, 1B)DH[37]
QTL (3BS, 3A, 5B)RILs[291]
QTL (3B)Advanced lines[292]
QTL (3B, 6B, 2B)RILs[293, 294]
QTL (6D, 4A, 5B)RILs[295]
QTL (3A, 5A)DH[43]
QTL (1B, 3B)RILs[30]
QTL (2B)RILs[296]
QTL (3B)DH[297]
QTL (6AL, 1B, 2BL, 7BS)RILs[46]
QTL (3A)RICLs[298]
QTL (4D)DH[49]
QTL (3BS, 5AS, 2DL)RILs[299]
QTL (1BS, 1DS, 3B, 3DL, 5BL, 7BS, 7AL)RILs[300]
QTL (7E)RILs[301]
(v) Scab resistanceQTL (2AS, 2BL, 3BS)RILs[302]
QTL (3BS) lines[303]
(vi) Powdery mildew resistancePm2 (5DS) [304]
Pm18 (5DS) [304]
Pm12 (6B) [305]
Pm21 (6AL)BC lines[306]
Pm3g (1A)DH[307]
Pm24 (1DS) lines[308]
Pm26 (2BS)RSI[309]
Pm6 (2BL)NILs[310]
Pm27 (6B) [311]
Pm8/Pm17 (1BL) families[312]
Pm3 (1AS)RILs[313]
Pm1 (7AL) [260]
Pm29 (7D) & lines[314]
Pm30 (5BS)B lines[315]
Pm13 (3S)AL [316]
Pm5e (7BL) [130]
Pm4a (2A) [317]
PmU (7AL) [318]
Pm34 (5D) lines[319]
PmY39 (2B)B [320]
Pm35 (5DL) lines[321]
Pm5d (7BL) lines[322]
Pm12 (6B)B [323]
MlRE, QTL (6A, 5D) lines[324]
MlG (6AL)B [325]
mlRD30 (7AL) [326]
Mlm2033, Mlm80 (7A) [181]
QTL (5A, 7B, 3D)RILs[327]
QTL (1B, 2A, 2B) lines[328]
QTL (2B, 5D, 6A)DH[329]
QTL (2B) [330]
QTL (1BL, 2AL, 2BL)RILs[331]
(vii) Common bunt resistanceBt-10 (-) [332]
QTL (1B, 7A)DH[333]
(viii) Tan spot and Stagonospora nodorum blotch resistanceQTL (1A, 4A, 1B, 3B)RILs[334]
QTL (5B, 3B)Inbred, CS lines[335]
tsn3a, tsn3b, tsn3c (3D) lines[336]
(ix) Septoria tritici blotch resistanceStb5 (7D)SCRI[337]
QTL (3A)DH[38]
QTL (1D, 2D, 6B)RILs[338]
(x) Barley yellow dwarf toleranceQTL (12 chromosomes)RILs[339]
(xi) Leaf and glume blotch resistanceQTL (4B, 7B, 5A)RILs[340]
(xii) Wheat streak mosaic virus resistanceWms1 (4D) [341]
WSSMV (2DL)RILs[342]
(xiii) Yellow mosaic virus resistanceYmYF (2D) [343]
(xiv) Eyespot (straw breaker foot rot) resistancePch2 (7AL) [344]
Pch1 (7A) lines[345]
Pch1, Ep-D1 (7D)TC[346]

Insect-pest
(i) Green bug resistanceGb3 (7D) lines[347]
Gby (7A) lines[348]
Gb7 (7DL)RILs[349]
Gb (7DL) lines, F2[350]
(ii) Hessian fly resistance geneH23 (6D) [351]
H24 (3D) [351]
H3, H6, H9, H10, H12, H16, H17 (5A)NILs, [352]
H5, H11, H13, H14 (1A)NILs, [353]
H21 (2B)NILs, [354]
H6 (-) [355]
H13 (6DS) [356]
H26, H13 (3D, 6D) lines[357]
H22 (1D) lines[358]
H16 and H17 (1AS)B , lines[359]
(iii) Russian wheat aphid resistanceDn8, Dn9 (7DS, 1DL) [360]
Dn1, Dn2, Dn5, Dn8 [360]
Dnx (7DS)
Dn2 (7DS) [361]
Dn4 (1D) [362]
Dn6 (7D) [362]

Nematodes
(i) Cereal cyst nematode resistanceCre1 (2B)NILs, [363]
Cre5 (2AS)NILs[364]
Cre6 (5A) [365]
QTL (1B)DH[48]
(ii) Root-knot nematode resistanceRkn-mn1 (3BL)B , lines[366]
(iii) Root-lesion nematode resistanceRlnn1 (7AL)DH[367]

Quality and quality related traits
(i) Seed dormancy or preharvest sproutingQTL (4A)DH[368]
QTL (4A)RILs, DH[369]
QTL (3A)B [370]
QTL (3A)RILs[371]
QTL (3A)RILs[372]
QTL (4A)DH[373]
(ii) Grain protein contentQTL (6B)RILs[374]
QTL (2A, 3A, 4D, 7D, 2B, 5B, 7A)RILs[39]
QTL (2A, 2B, 2D, 3D, 4A, 6B, 7A, 7D)RILs[375]
QTL (2AS, 6AS, 7BL)BILs[376]
(iii) Others
Flour colourQTL (3A, 7A)RILs[377]
Milling yieldQTL (3A, 7D)RILs[378]
Bread-making qualityQTL (5DS, 1B, 6A, 3B, 1A)DH[379]
Milling traitsQTL (7A, 6B)RILs[35]
Grain dry matter and N accumulation, protein compositionQTL (1A, 2B, 3A, 6A, 5A, 7A, 7D)RILs[380]
Mixograph-extensibilityQTL (5A)DH[381]
Kernel hardness and dough strengthQTL (1A, 5D, 1B, 1D, 5B)Inbred lines[382]
Purple grain colourPp1, Pp3b, Pp3a (2A, 7BL) [383]
Quality traitsQTL (5DS, 6DS, 2DS, 1AS, 1BS, 6DS)RILs[384]
Low-molecular-weight gluteninLMW-GS (-) lines[385]
Bread-making qualityQTL (3A, 7A)RILs[40]
Milling and baking qualityQTL (4B, 6D)B [230]
Endosperm colourQTL, Psy1-1 (2A, 4B, 6B, 7B)DH[386]

Agronomic traits
(i) Plant heightRht-B1, Rht-D1 (4BS, 4DS)DH[387]
Rht8 (2D)RILs[388]
Rht8 (2DS)DH, Inbred lines[389]
(ii) Tiller inhibition genetin3 (3A) [390]
(iii) Spherical grain and compact spikess16219, C17648 B1 (3B, 5A) [391]
(iv) Ear-emergence time and plant heightQTL (5A)RILs[392]
(v) Heading dateQTL (2BS)DH[393]
QTL, Ppd-B1, Ppd-D1 (2B, 2D, 5A, 2B)RILs[394]
QTL (2DS)RILs[395]
QTL (2A, 2B, 2D, 5A, 5B, 5D, 4A, 4B)RILs[396]
(vi) Grain yield and related traitsQTL (5A)RILs[397]
QTL (2D, 3B, 3D, 5D, 7D)B lines[398]
QTL (1D, 2A, 6B, 7D)RILs[51]
QTL (7AL, 7BL, 1D, 5A)DH[45]
QTL (4AL)RILs[399]
QTL (1B, 4D, 7D)DH[400]
(vii) Spike-related traitsQTL (7D) [401]
(viii) Grain weightQTL (1A, 2B, 7A)RILs[402]
(ix) OthersQTL (4A, 4B, 4D, 7D, 3B, 3D)DH[171]
QTL (1D, 4D)DH[47]

Growth related traits
(i) Spike morphology, awn development, vernalizationB, Q, VRN1 (5A)RILs[403]
(ii) Supernumerary spikeletbh (2D, 4A, 4B, 5A) lines[404]
(iii) Sphaerococcum- like growth habitS1, S2, S3 (3D, 3B, 3A) [405]
(iv) Thermosensitive earlinessEps-Am1 (1AL) [406]
(v) Coleoptiles pigmentationRc-A1, Rc-B1, Rc-D1 (7A, 7B, 7D, 4BL)RILs[407]
(vi) Thermosensitive genic male-sterilewtms1 (2B) [408]
(vii) Hybrid necrosisNe1, Ne2 (5BL, 2BS) [409]
(viii) Leaf pubescence and hairy leafHl1, Hl2, Aesp, QTL (4BL, 7BS) [410]
(ix) Stem solidnesssst (3BL)DH[411]
(x) Lodging resistanceQTL (1BS, 2AS, 2D, 3AS, 4AS, 5AL, 5BL, 6BL, 7BL)RILs[412]
(xi) Stem strength and related traitsQTL (3A, 3B, 1A, 2D)DH[413]
(xii) Brittle rachisQTL (3A, 3B)RICLs[414]
(xiii) Coleoptiles growthQTL (2B, 2D, 4A, 5D, 6B)DH[415]
(xiv) Kernel shatteringQTL (2B, 3B, 7A)RILs[416]
(xv) Seed developmentQTL (1D, 4B)DH[9]
(xvi) Longer coleoptilesQTL (6A)RILs[29]
(xvii) Viridescent phenotypeQTL (2B)DH[52]

Biochemical
(i) Casein kinaseCK2α (5A) [417]
(ii) NonglaucousnessIw3672 (2DS) [418]
(iii) Low lipoxygenaseLpx-B1.1, Lpx-A3 (4B, 4A)RILs[419]
(iv) Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) genesPPO (2A, 2D)DH[420]
(v) ABA signaling genesQTL (3A, 5A)RILs[421]
(vi) Polyphenol oxidaseQTL (2A)DH[422]
(vii) Water-soluble carbohydratesQTL (21 chromosome)DH[423]

Abiotic stress
(i) Photoperiod insensitivePpd-B1 (2BS)RILs, DH[424]
(ii) Aluminum toleranceALMT1 (4D)DH[425]
QTL (4D, 3BL)RIL[426]
(iii) Boron toxicity toleranceQTL (Bo1) (7BL)DH[427]
(iv) Frost resistanceQTL (5B)RSI[428]
(v) Salt toleranceQTL (3A, 3B, 4DL, 6DL)RILs[429]