Table 1: Descriptive statistics for obesity status, socioeconomic position, sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics, housing conditions, and the marginality index for the adult mexican population, ENSANUT 2006.

VariablesFull Sample ( )Urbanb ( )Rural ( )Malec ( )Female ( )

Obesity status (BMI ≥ 30)
Obese
 Yes30.432.1***26.323.6***35.2
 No69.667.873.676.364.8

Socioeconomic position
Employed47.950.7***38.476.8***27.5
Educational level
 No education10.27.5***19.88.3***11.5
 Primary education42.237.7***58.039.7***43.9
 Secondary or technical education38.743.7***21.240.3*37.6
 College education or more8.710.9***0.911.5***6.7

Sociodemographic  characteristics
Gender
 Male41.341.441.0
 Female58.658.558.9
Age
 20–3436.737.3**34.836.037.3
 35–4932.332.232.631.0**33.2
 50–6418.818.719.220.0**18.0
 65 or older12.011.6**13.212.8*11.4
Residential status
 Rural22.322.422.1
 Urban77.677.577.8
Household size (mean)a4.84.8**4.94.84.8
Indigenous identity18.615.6***33.518.920.1
Marital status
 Single (never married)18.620.1***13.420.1**17.5
 Married or cohabiting70.368.4***76.974.7***67.3
 Divorced4.85.3***3.12.4***6.5
 Widowed6.16.06.52.6***8.6

Behavioral characteristics
Walked >3 days last week76.876.976.879.2***75.0
Current smoker17.419.4***10.329.5***8.8
Currently drinks alcohol32.233.8***26.752.4***18.0

Housing conditions
House has dirt floor8.23.9***23.28.18.3
House has no electricity1.60.7***4.71.61.6

Municipio level
Marginality Index 2005−1.01−1.31***−0.20−1.04−1.00

Values weighted by P_ADULT; in each column is based on survey sample sizes.
aThe reported -value is for an independent samples t-test.
bThe reported -values are for a chi-square test testing equality of the distribution across rural and urban locations.
cThe reported -values are for a chi-square test testing equality of the distribution across male and female sexes.
, , , .