Table of Contents
International Journal of Population Research
Volume 2015, Article ID 428217, 18 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/428217
Research Article

Exposure to HAP and the Regional Pattern of Air-Related Morbidity in India: A Multivariate Analysis

DumDum Motijheel Rabindra Mahavidyalaya, 208/B/2 DumDum Road, Kolkata 700074, India

Received 26 August 2014; Revised 4 June 2015; Accepted 23 June 2015

Academic Editor: Alberto Davila

Copyright © 2015 Sabitri Dutta. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. World Health Organization, Global Health Risks: Mortality and Burden of Disease Attributable to Selected Major Risks, World Health Organization, 2009, http://www.who.int/.
  2. N. El-Hougeiri and M. El Fadel, “Correlation of indoor-outdoor air quality in urban areas,” Indoor and Built Environment, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 421–431, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. Ishido, Variations in Indoor and Outdoor Dust Densities, Osaka City University, Osaka, Japan, 1955.
  4. D. G. Fullerton, N. Bruce, and S. B. Gordona, “Household air pollution from biomass fuel smoke is a major health concern in the developing world,” Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 102, pp. 843–851, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  5. A. Kundu and K. Varghese, Regional Inequality and Inclusive Growth in India under Globalisation: Identification for Lagging States for Strategic Intervention, vol. 6 of Oxfam India Working Papers, Oxfam India, 2010.
  6. S. Sankhe, I. Vittal, R. Dobbs et al., “India's urban awakening: building inclusive cities, sustaining economic growth,” McKinsey Global Institute Report, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  7. IIPS, “National family health survey,” Report 3, 2005-2006. View at Google Scholar
  8. B. S. Reddy, “Economic and social dimensions of household energy use: a case study of India,” in Proceedings of the 4th Biennial International Workshop on ‘Advances in Energy Studies’, E. Ortega and S. Ulgiati, Eds., pp. 469–477, UNICAMP, Campinas, Brazil, 2004.
  9. K. Smith, J. Rogers, and S. C. Cowlin, Household Fuels and Ill-Health in Developing Countries—What Improvements Can be Brought by LP Gas?World LP Gas Association, Paris, France, 2005.
  10. R. Smith Kirk, “Household air pollution and acute respiratory infections in editorial,” Indian Paediatrics, vol. 40, pp. 815–819, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  11. K. R. Smith, J. M. Samet, I. Romieu, and N. Bruce, “Indoor air pollution in developing countries and acute lower respiratory infections in children,” Thorax, vol. 55, no. 6, pp. 518–532, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. K. R. Smith, “National burden of disease in India from indoor air pollution,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 97, no. 24, pp. 13286–13293, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. V. Kathuria and N. A. Khan, “Vulnerability to air pollution: is there any inequality in exposure?” Economic and Political Weekly, vol. 42, pp. 3158–3165, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  14. D. Y. C. Leung, “Outdoor-indoor air pollution in urban environment: challenges and opportunity,” Frontiers in Environmental Science, vol. 2, article 69, 7 pages, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. M. Ezzati and D. M. Kammen, “The health impacts of exposure to indoor air pollution from solid fuels in developing countries: Knowledge, gaps, and data needs,” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 110, no. 11, pp. 1057–1068, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. L. Shetty, “Growth of SDP and structural changes in state economies: interstate comparisons,” Economic and Political Weekly, vol. 38, no. 49, pp. 5189–5200, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  17. S. B. Desai, A. Dubey, B. Joshi, M. Sen, A. Shariff, and R. D. Vanneman, Human Development in India: Challenges for A Society in Transition, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 2010.
  18. K. R. G. Nair, “Economic Reforms and Regional Disparities in Economic and Social Development In India (Report of a Research Project funded by the SER Division of the Planning Commission of the Government of India),” 2004, http://www.planningcommission.nic.in/.
  19. D. J. Bartholomew, F. Steele, I. Moustaki, and J. I. Galbraith, “Multidimensional scaling,” in Analysis of Multivariate Social Science Data, chapter 3, Chapman & Hall, 2nd edition, 2008, http://www.bristol.ac.uk/media-library/sites/cmm/migrated/documents/chapter3.pdf. View at Google Scholar
  20. J. B. Kruskal, “Multidimensional scaling by optimizing goodness of fit to a nonmetric hypothesis,” Psychometrika, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 1–27, 1964. View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet
  21. http://www.cbhi.nic.in/.
  22. B. R. Barnes, “Behavioural change, indoor air pollution and child respiratory health in developing countries: a review,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 4607–4618, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. L. Johnson, C. Ciaccio, C. S. Barnes et al., “Low-cost interventions improve indoor air quality and children's health,” Allergy and Asthma Proceedings, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 377–385, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. J. Parikh, K. Parikh, and V. L. Pandey, “Lack of energy, water and sanitation and its impact on rural India,” in India Development Report, 2004-2005, K. Parikh, Ed., pp. 84–95, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  25. J. Budds, A. Biran, and J. Rouse, “What's cooking? A review of the healthy impacts of Household air pollution and technical interventions for its reduction,” WELL Task 512, Loughborough University, Water, Engineering and Development Centre, Leicestershire, UK, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  26. M. Edelstein, E. Pitchforth, G. Asres, M. Silverman, and N. Kulkarni, “Awareness of health effects of cooking smoke among women in the Gondar Region of Ethiopia: a pilot survey,” BMC International Health and Human Rights, vol. 8, article 10, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. G. Hu and P. Ran, “Indoor air pollution as a lung health hazard: focus on populous countries,” Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 158–164, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. S. Dutta, “Air pollution exposure in Kolkata: an assessment of decadal change,” Artha Beekshan, vol. 17, no. 3, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  29. S. Dutta and S. Banerjee, “Exposure to household air pollution and women health: the situation in urban India,” Environment and Urbanisation ASIA, vol. 5, no. 1, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  30. Ministry of Human Resource and Development, Working Group Report on Elementary Education and Literacy, 2011, http://planningcommission.nic.in.
  31. C. Mukherjee, H. White, and M. Wuyts, Econometrics and Data Analysis for Developing Countries, Routledge, London, UK, 1998.
  32. Reserve Bank of India, Handbook of Statistics on Indian Economy, Reserve Bank of India, 2011-2012.