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International Journal of Population Research
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 3153685, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3153685
Research Article

Impact of Education on Fertility: Evidence from a Tribal Society in Assam, India

Department of Economics, Dibrugarh University, Dibrugarh, India

Received 27 April 2016; Revised 7 September 2016; Accepted 26 October 2016

Academic Editor: Sally Guttmacher

Copyright © 2016 Amarjyoti Mahanta. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper examines the education-fertility linkage in tribal society through a cross section study on the Misings, the second largest scheduled tribe of the state of Assam, India. Applying multiple regression analysis, the paper finds that while the education of both wife and husband has retarding effect on fertility, the number of live births born is significantly less when wives are more educated than husbands. The education of females has been found to have positive relation with fertility up to 5.3 years of schooling and negative relation thereafter so as to reach the replacement level of fertility at the graduate level of education. Thus, the critical years of education of the wives required to have a depressing impact on fertility is 5.3. The paper recommends policies for expansion of education with primary focus on inclusion and retention of the females in education.