Table of Contents
International Journal of Population Research
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4691723, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4691723
Research Article

Determinants of Rural Out-Migration in Habru District of Northeast Ethiopia

1Department of Rural Development and Agricultural Extension, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Bahir Dar University, P.O. Box 2289, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
2Save the Children International, Ethiopia Branch, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Correspondence should be addressed to Beneberu Assefa Wondimagegnhu; moc.liamg@6002afessaneb

Received 19 October 2016; Revised 16 January 2017; Accepted 20 February 2017; Published 14 March 2017

Academic Editor: Christos Tsadilas

Copyright © 2017 Beneberu Assefa Wondimagegnhu and Mesfin Eshetu Zeleke. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Migration has become a cause of concern at the global, regional, and national levels. Like the case of many developing countries, Ethiopia has been facing increasing challenges related to rural out-migration. This study aimed to analyze factors that determine rural communities’ decision to migrate to internal and international destinations in Habru district of Northeast Ethiopia. Stratified sampling technique has been employed to select a total of 200 household heads in three agroecologies of the study area. Structured questionnaires have been used as a principal primary data collection method and logistic regression has been employed for analysis. The results of the study showed that intravillage conflict, absence of relief assistant, livestock ownership, farm land size, access to information, and household and individual characteristics including family size, sex, and age of the migrants are the dominant determinant factors for rural out-migration. Migration can have a positive outcome in improving livelihoods if comprehensive and holistic policies and strategies are in place. There is also a need to strengthen the link between rural development policy and the disadvantaged groups by designing and implementing different livelihood alternatives including reducing pressure on scarce resources particularly land, integrating health and education services, and creating nonfarm employment opportunities.