Table 4: Prevalence estimates and odds ratios (OR) of parent psychological distress by sociodemographic and individual/community variables.

VariablesPrevalenceOR[95% CI]

Sociodemographic & household variables
Gender
Male11.31.00
Female10.50.920.372.250.852
Age
18–34 yrs6.41.00
35–44 yrs10.51.730.545.590.358
45+ yrs13.02.200.637.610.214
Country of birth
Australia10.31.00
Other14.71.830.923.680.087
Highest level of education
<year 127.01.00
Higher school certificate15.42.420.767.690.135
TAFE certificate or diploma11.01.640.564.780.368
University/tertiary9.61.400.474.170.544
Household income
<40,00014.71.00
>40,00010.40.670.281.610.369
Time living in local area
<5 years10.41.00
5 years or more10.71.030.402.640.951
Single parent household
No10.51.00
Yes12.11.180.502.790.707
Number of children 16 yrs
One11.61.00
Two7.40.600.281.300.196
Three or more14.41.280.572.860.544
Number of children in household (416 yrs)
One10.41.00
Two7.70.720.351.460.360
Three or more16.41.700.743.900.212

Individual & community support variables
Optimistic person
Yes8.71.00
No21.32.831.266.350.012
High interpersonal trust
Yes8.81.00
No14.01.670.843.340.146
Individual resilience (CD-RISC2)
Low31.51.00
High8.30.200.080.460.001
Receives adequate social support from family
Yes8.51.00
No24.33.461.547.790.003
Receives adequate social support from friends
Yes8.81.00
No18.92.431.105.370.029
Attend church/religious services regularly
Yes12.31.00
No9.50.750.371.500.412
Connected with local neighbourhood
Yes8.01.00
No17.22.371.184.780.016