Table of Contents
International Journal of Proteomics
Volume 2015, Article ID 647408, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/647408
Research Article

Molecular Integrity of Mitochondria Alters by Potassium Chloride

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Lab, Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India

Received 29 September 2015; Revised 7 November 2015; Accepted 10 November 2015

Academic Editor: Setsuko Komatsu

Copyright © 2015 Suman Mishra and Rajnikant Mishra. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Potassium chloride (KCl) has been commonly used in homogenization buffer and procedures of protein extraction. It is known to facilitate release of membrane-associated molecules but the higher concentration of KCl may affect the integrity of mitochondria by breaching the electrostatic force between the lipids and proteins. Therefore, it has been intended to explore the effect of KCl on mitochondrial proteome. The mitochondria were isolated from the mice liver and sub-fractionated into mitochondrial matrix and outer mitochondrial membrane fraction. The fractions were analysed by denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and 2D-PAGE. The analysis of ultrastructure and protein profiles by MALDI-MS and data-mining reveals KCl-associated alterations in the integrity of mitochondria and its proteome. The mitochondrial membrane, cristae, and the matrix proteins appear altered under the influence of KCl.