Figure 3: (a) Frequency of changes in abundance of protein spots in HF subjects. Shown is the frequency of protein spots that were changed in abundance or S-NO modification in HF subjects with respect to normal controls (). (b) Venn diagram. Shown is the number of protein spots that were increased in abundance and/or S-NO modification levels in HF subjects. (c) Classification of differentially expressed proteins from the proteomic analysis. Ontological classification of differentially regulated proteins in terms of cellular localization was performed by ingenuity pathway analysis. The compositions of the protein categories are presented as percentages of all individually identified proteins. CP: cytoplasmic, ES: extracellular/secreted, MT: mitochondrial, NP: nucleoplasm, PM: plasma membrane. ((d) and (e)) Fold change in abundance (d) and S-NO modification (e) of top molecules identified to be of relevance in HF subjects. Ratio of ratio (RoR) is defined in legend of Figure 2. A negative RoR indicates increased S-NO modification, while a positive RoR indicates increased reduction of protein thiols.