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International Journal of Polymer Science
Volume 2017, Article ID 7043297, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7043297
Research Article

Effect of Quinacridone Pigments on Properties and Morphology of Injection Molded Isotactic Polypropylene

1Polymer Processing Division, Institute of Materials Technology, Poznań University of Technology, Piotrowo 3, 61-138 Poznań, Poland
2R&D Project Office Laboratory, Hempel A/S, Lundtoftegårdsvej 91, 2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

Correspondence should be addressed to Mateusz Barczewski; lp.nanzop.tup@ikswezcrab.zsuetam

Received 15 December 2016; Accepted 14 February 2017; Published 16 March 2017

Academic Editor: Marta Fernández-García

Copyright © 2017 Mateusz Barczewski et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Two quinacridone pigments were added (0.01; 0.05; 0.1; 0.5; 1; 2 wt%) to isotactic polypropylene (iPP), and their influence on mechanical and thermomechanical properties were investigated. Complex mechanical and thermomechanical iPP properties analyses, including static tensile test, Dynstat impact resistance measurement, and hardness test, as well as dynamic mechanic thermal analysis (DMTA), were realized in reference to morphological changes of polymeric materials. In order to understand the differences in modification efficiency and changes in polymorphism of polypropylene matrix caused by incorporation of pigments, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) experiments were done. Both pigments acted as highly effective nucleating agents that influence morphology and mechanical properties of isotactic polypropylene injection molded samples. Differences between polypropylene samples nucleated by two pigments may be attributed to different heterogeneous nucleation behavior dependent on pigment type. As it was proved by WAXS investigations, the addition of γ-quinacridone (E5B) led to crystallization of polypropylene in hexagonal phase (β-iPP), while for β-quinacridone (ER 02) modified polypropylene no evidence of iPP β-phase was observed.