Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Polymer Science
Volume 2017, Article ID 7625906, 10 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7625906
Research Article

A Novel Approach to Improve the Barrier Properties of PET/Clay Nanocomposites

Polymer Institute and Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606-3390, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Saleh A. Jabarin; ude.odelotu@nirabaj.helas

Received 19 February 2017; Revised 11 April 2017; Accepted 18 April 2017; Published 11 May 2017

Academic Editor: Hossein Roghani-Mamaqani

Copyright © 2017 Kazem Majdzadeh-Ardakani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. F. Awaja and D. Pavel, “Recycling of PET,” European Polymer Journal, vol. 41, no. 7, pp. 1453–1477, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. T. Rieckmann and S. Völker, “Poly(ethylene terephthalate) polymerization—mechanism, catalysis, kinetics, mass transfer and reactor design,” in Modern Polyesters: Chemistry and Technology of Polyesters and Copolyesters, pp. 29–115, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  3. M. Frounchi and A. Dourbash, “Oxygen barrier properties of poly(ethylene terephthalate) nanocomposite films,” Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, vol. 294, no. 1, pp. 68–74, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. Hayrapetyan, A. Kelarakis, L. Estevez et al., “Non-toxic poly(ethylene terephthalate)/clay nanocomposites with enhanced barrier properties,” Polymer, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 422–426, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. R. Galdi, V. Nicolais, L. Di Maio, and L. Incarnato, “Production of active PET films: evaluation of scavenging activity,” Packaging Technology and Science, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 257–268, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. K. Mahajan, E. A. Lofgren, and S. A. Jabarin, “Development of active barrier systems for poly(ethylene terephthalate),” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 129, no. 4, pp. 2196–2207, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. H. Ghasemi, P. J. Carreau, M. R. Kamal, and J. Uribe-Calderon, “Preparation and characterization of PET/clay nanocomposites by melt compounding,” Polymer Engineering and Science, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 1178–1187, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J.-H. Chang, S. J. Kim, Y. L. Joo, and S. Im, “Poly(ethylene terephthalate) nanocomposites by in situ interlayer polymerization: the thermo-mechanical properties and morphology of the hybrid fibers,” Polymer, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 919–926, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. Okada and A. Usuki, “Twenty years of polymer-clay nanocomposites,” Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, vol. 291, no. 12, pp. 1449–1476, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. D. R. Paul and L. M. Robeson, “Polymer nanotechnology: nanocomposites,” Polymer, vol. 49, no. 15, pp. 3187–3204, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. K. Bharadwaj, A. R. Mehrabi, C. Hamilton et al., “Structure-property relationships in cross-linked polyester-clay nanocomposites,” Polymer, vol. 43, no. 13, pp. 3699–3705, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. P. J. Yoon, T. D. Fornes, and D. R. Paul, “Thermal expansion behavior of nylon 6 nanocomposites,” Polymer, vol. 43, no. 25, pp. 6727–6741, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Y. Kojima, K. Fukumori, A. Usuki, A. Okada, and T. Kurauchi, “Gas permeabilities in rubber-clay hybrid,” Journal of Materials Science Letters, vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 889-890, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. H. Davis, L. J. Mathias, J. W. Gilman et al., “Effects of melt-processing conditions on the quality of poly(ethylene terephthalate) montmorillonite clay nanocomposites,” Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics, vol. 40, no. 23, pp. 2661–2666, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. Wang, T. C. Chung, J. W. Gilman, and E. Manias, “Melt-processable syndiotactic polystyrene/montmorillonite nanocomposites,” Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics, vol. 41, no. 24, pp. 3173–3187, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. T. U. Patro, D. V. Khakhar, and A. Misra, “Phosphonium-based layered silicate-poly(ethylene terephthalate) nanocomposites: Stability, thermal and mechanical properties,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 113, no. 3, pp. 1720–1732, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. F. Ou, M. T. Ho, and J. R. Lin, “Synthesis and characterization of poly(ethylene terephthalate) nanocomposites with organoclay,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 91, no. 1, pp. 140–145, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. K. H. Kim, K. H. Kim, J. Huh, and W. H. Jo, “Synthesis of thermally stable organosilicate for exfoliated poly(ethylene terephthalate) nanocomposite with superior tensile properties,” Macromolecular Research, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 178–184, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. C. Costache, M. J. Heidecker, E. Manias, and C. A. Wilkie, “Preparation and characterization of poly(ethylene terephthalate)/clay nanocomposites by melt blending using thermally stable surfactants,” Polymers for Advanced Technologies, vol. 17, no. 9-10, pp. 764–771, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. T. L. P. G. M. Booth and C. M. Lee, An Approach on Food Preservation, InTech, 2012.
  21. K. Majdzadeh-Ardakani and S. A. Jabarin, “Improving ther barrier and mechanical properties of PET/Clay nanocomposites, ANTEC SPE,” Indianapolis, pp. 425–428, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  22. S. Rooj, A. Das, K. W. Stöckelhuber et al., “Pre-intercalation of long chain fatty acid in the interlayer space of layered silicates and preparation of montmorillonite/natural rubber nanocomposites,” Applied Clay Science, vol. 67-68, pp. 50–56, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. A. Jabarin, “Strain‐induced crystallization of poly(ethylene terephthalate),” Polymer Engineering & Science, vol. 32, no. 18, pp. 1341–1349, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. Zekriardehani, S. A. Jabarin, D. R. Gidley, and M. R. Coleman, “Effect of chain dynamics, crystallinity, and free volume on the barrier properties of poly(ethylene terephthalate) biaxially oriented films,” Macromolecules, vol. 50, no. 7, pp. 2845–2855, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. S. Al-AbdulRazzak and S. A. Jabarin, “Processing characteristics of poly(ethylene terephthalate): hydrolytic and thermal degradation,” Polymer International, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 164–173, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. N. H. Kim, S. V. Malhotra, and M. Xanthos, “Modification of cationic nanoclays with ionic liquids,” Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, vol. 96, no. 1–3, pp. 29–35, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. G. M. Do Nascimento, V. R. L. Constantino, R. Landers, and M. L. A. Temperini, “Aniline polymerization into montmorillonite clay:  a spectroscopic investigation of the intercalated conducting polymer,” Macromolecules, vol. 37, no. 25, pp. 9373–9385, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. S. Rooj, A. Das, K. W. Stöckelhuber, U. Reuter, and G. Heinrich, “Highly exfoliated natural rubber/Clay composites by "propping-open procedure": the influence of fatty-acid chain length on exfoliation,” Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, vol. 297, no. 4, pp. 369–383, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. E.-A. McGonigle, J. H. Daly, S. Gallagher et al., “Physical ageing in poly(ethylene terephthalate)—its influence on cold crystallisation,” Polymer, vol. 40, no. 17, pp. 4977–4982, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. X. Yuan, C. Li, G. Guan, Y. Xiao, and D. Zhang, “Thermal stability of surfactants with amino and imido groups in poly(ethylene terephthalate)/clay composites,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 109, no. 6, pp. 4112–4120, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. C. I. W. Calcagno, C. M. Mariani, S. R. Teixeira, and R. S. Mauler, “The effect of organic modifier of the clay on morphology and crystallization properties of PET nanocomposites,” Polymer, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 966–974, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. Y. Wang and S. A. Jabarin, “Novel preparation method for enhancing nanoparticle dispersion and barrier properties of poly(ethylene terephthalate) and poly(m-xylylene adipamide),” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 129, no. 3, pp. 1455–1465, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus