Table 1: The details of flocculants used in this study.

Intrinsic viscosity (dL⋅g−1)Cationic degree (%)Conversion rate (%)

PAD
PADA-1
PADA-2
PADA-3

PADA-X (X = 1, 2, and 3): copolymer of AM, AODBAC, and DAC by UV-initiated copolymerization and PAD was the copolymer of AM and DAC by UV-initiated copolymerization.