Table 5: Density and mechanical properties of biocomposites prepared from white willow.

Type of fillerMedianMinMax

Density (g/cm3)
 Neat CA101.231.101.27
 Extracted wood10a0.830.780.93
 Holocellulose10a0.860.810.95
 Alpha cellulose10a0.850.820.91
Tensile strength (MPa)
 Neat CA1066.6749.0275.50
 Extracted wood10a27.3024.0031.14
 Holocellulose10a31.5527.7235.90
 Alpha cellulose10a29.8825.2934.52
Tensile modulus (GPa)
 Neat CA102.232.192.51
 Extracted wood10a1.211.151.36
 Holocellulose10b1.371.221.60
 Alpha cellulose10ab1.291.241.39
Elongation at break (%)
 Neat CA107.044.379.83
 Extracted wood10a5.254.357.23
 Holocellulose10a5.204.316.01
 Alpha cellulose10a5.114.186.07

Note: means sharing the same superscript are not significantly different from each other (Tukey’s HSD, ).