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International Journal of Polymer Science
Volume 2019, Article ID 2152408, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/2152408
Research Article

Investigation of Epoxidized Palm Oils as Green Processing Aids and Activators in Rubber Composites

1Department of Advanced Materials Engineering, Chungbuk National University, Chungdae-ro 1, Seowon-Gu, Cheongju, Chungbuk 34057, Republic of Korea
2Division of Advanced Materials Engineering, Kongju National University, Gongju, Chungnam 330-717, Republic of Korea

Correspondence should be addressed to Sung Ho Song; moc.liamg@508gnoshs

Received 14 September 2018; Revised 25 November 2018; Accepted 9 April 2019; Published 5 May 2019

Academic Editor: Marta Fernández-García

Copyright © 2019 DongJu Lee and Sung Ho Song. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Epoxidized palm oil (EPO) is environmentally friendly, biodegradable, and a relatively less costly processing aid. In this study, we investigated the suitability of EPO in place of aromatic processing oils in styrene butadiene rubber. The curing properties, mechanical properties, abrasion resistance, and heat buildup properties of rubber composites with EPO were compared with those of the standard with aromatic oils. The rubber composites with EPO showed enhanced mechanical properties including modulus, tensile strength, and elongation at break. This is ascribed to the improved dispersion of fillers in the rubber matrix and interaction between the filler and the polymer. Furthermore, EPO in the rubber matrix showed remarkable abrasion resistance, rebound resilience, and heat buildup at low loadings. EPO in a rubber composite presents feasibility as a renewable raw material that can serve as an alternative to petrochemical oils in various applications.