TY - JOUR
TI - Method and Mathematical Modeling of Formation of Gradually and Homogeneously Oriented Linear Polymers
VL - 2019
PY - 2019
DA - 2019/11/25
DO - 10.1155/2019/8132518
UR - https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/8132518
AB - Previously, we developed several technical solutions for the conversion of isotropic polymers into materials of a new type—gradually oriented polymers with a gradient of physical and mechanical properties, thereby materializing for the first time the unused possibilities inherent in the polymeric nature of the substance. The scientific basis of these developments is the concept of a new structural state of linear polymers—a gradually oriented (stretched) state (GOS), the essence of which is set out briefly. An algorithm and a mathematical model for controlling the process of uniaxial, zonal stretching of linear polymers are proposed, which allow the formation of gradually or homogeneously oriented polymers (polymer composites). At the same time, specified values of quantitative parameters are ensured, in particular, the selected profile of distribution of the relative elongation (linear, sinusoidal, etc.) along the length of the gradually oriented polymer sample and the specified constant relative elongation along the length of the homogeneously oriented polymer. Mathematical expressions for calculating the conditions to obtain gradually oriented polymers with given geometric dimensions (length, width) and with a given distribution of relative elongation along the length of the resulting sample were also derived. The description of method and principles of operation of the appropriate device is given. Experimental data illustrating the possibilities of the proposed method and the efficiency of mathematical modeling are presented. The issues of creating functionally graded materials with a gradient of microstructure (gradient of degree of orientation/relative elongation) or chemical composition (volume fraction of functional fillers), respectively, based on thermoplastic polymer/copolymer or polymer composite (containing functional fillers) by method of uniaxial, zonal graded stretching are discussed.
JF - International Journal of Polymer Science
SN - 1687-9422
PB - Hindawi
SP - 8132518
KW -
A2 - Acierno, Domenico
AU - Nadareishvili, Levan
AU - Bakuradze, Roland
AU - Aneli, Jimsher
AU - Areshidze, Manana
AU - Pavlenishvili, Ineza
AU - Sharashidze, Liana
AU - Basilaia, Giorgi
ER -