International Journal of Rheumatology / 2018 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Musculoskeletal Disorders in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus: A Cross-Sectional Study

Table 3

Prevalence of MS disorders according to sociodemographics, vascular complications, and other relevant variables in diabetic patients.

Hand disordersShoulder CapsulitisOsteoarthritisMS disorders (total)
(%) (%) (%) (%)

Age (yrs)
 <5013(9.8)6(4.5)9(6.8)23(17.3)
 ≥5049(16.9)41(16.9)64(26.3)106(43.6)
Gender
 Male22 (11.7)22(11.7)28(14.9)58(30.9)
 Female32 (17)25 (13.3)45(23.9)71(37.8)
BMI (%)
 Normal15 (10.3)15(10.3)15(10.3)38(26)
 overweight30(17.4)20(11.6)39(22.7)65(37.8)
 obesity9(15.5)12(20.7)19(32.8)26(44.8)
Type DM
 T1DM7(12.1)2(3.4)2(3.4)10(17.2)
 T2DM47(14.8)45(14.2)71(22.3)119(37.4)
Duration (yrs)
 <1020(9.9)23(11.4)29(14.4)53(26.2)
 ≥1034(19.5)24(13.8)44(25.3)76(43.7)
HbA1c (%)
 < 76(7.2)9(10.8)11(13.3)18(21.7)
 ≥ 748(16.4)38(13)62(21.2)111(37.9)
dyslipidemia
 Yes30(20.1)27(18.1)42(28.2)70(47)
 Non24 (10.6)20(8.8)31(13.7)59(26)
Retinopathy
 Yes16 (15.1)15(14.2)31(29.2)49(46.2)
 Non38 (14.1)32(11.9)42(15.6)80(29.6)
Nephropathy
 Yes8(13.1)11(18)21(34.4)28(45.9)
 Non46(14.6)36(11.4)52(16.5)101(32.1)
Neuropathy
 Yes11(22.9)6(12.5)11(22.9)24(50)
 Non43(13.1)41(12.5)62(18.9)105(32)
Macrovascular disorder
 Yes3(18.8)6(37.5)8(50)13(81.3)
 Non51(14.2)41(11.4)65(18.1)116(32.2)

P<0.05; 95 % CI
DM: diabetes mellitus; MS: musculoskeletal; T2DM: type 2 diabetes mellitus; T1DM: type 1 diabetes mellitus; HbA1c: hemoglobin A1c; BMI: body mass index.

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