International Journal of Rheumatology / 2018 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Musculoskeletal Disorders in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus: A Cross-Sectional Study

Table 3

Prevalence of MS disorders according to sociodemographics, vascular complications, and other relevant variables in diabetic patients.

Hand disordersShoulder CapsulitisOsteoarthritisMS disorders (total)
(%) (%) (%) (%)

Age (yrs)
 Male22 (11.7)22(11.7)28(14.9)58(30.9)
 Female32 (17)25 (13.3)45(23.9)71(37.8)
BMI (%)
 Normal15 (10.3)15(10.3)15(10.3)38(26)
Type DM
Duration (yrs)
HbA1c (%)
 < 76(7.2)9(10.8)11(13.3)18(21.7)
 ≥ 748(16.4)38(13)62(21.2)111(37.9)
 Non24 (10.6)20(8.8)31(13.7)59(26)
 Yes16 (15.1)15(14.2)31(29.2)49(46.2)
 Non38 (14.1)32(11.9)42(15.6)80(29.6)
Macrovascular disorder

P<0.05; 95 % CI
DM: diabetes mellitus; MS: musculoskeletal; T2DM: type 2 diabetes mellitus; T1DM: type 1 diabetes mellitus; HbA1c: hemoglobin A1c; BMI: body mass index.

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