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International Journal of Rotating Machinery
Volume 3, Issue 4, Pages 239-247
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/S1023621X97000225

Investigation of the Flow in Pelton Turbines and the Influence of the Casing

1Institute for Waterpower and Pumps, Vienna University of Technology, Karlsplatz 13, Wien 1040, Austria
2Ingersoll Dresser Pumps , Industriestraβe B Nr.6, Brunn/Geb 2345, Austria

Received 25 March 1997; Revised 11 April 1997

Copyright © 1997 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

At the institute for waterpower and pumps at the University of Technology Vienna we do a lot of research work observing the flow in the casing and the buckets of Pelton turbines. One interest of our research is to find criteria to estimate the influence of the splash water distribution in the casing on the turbine efficiency. Knowing the splash water distribution it is further possible to develop methods to provide visual documentation of the flow in and around the buckets from the beginning to the end of interaction.

Our measurements have been done on a single jet Pelton turbine with a runner pitch diameter of 420 mm. Our research shows that the casing has great influence to the operation of a Pelton turbine and so it is very important to include the casing as an important factor in all investigations. Aluminum honeycombs have been successful to bring the splashing water under control and to make good visual documentations of the flow.