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International Journal of Rotating Machinery
Volume 4 (1998), Issue 2, Pages 97-112

Effects of System Rotation on Turbulence Structure: A Review Relevant to Turbomachinery Flows

Thermosciences Division, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford 94305, CA, USA

Received 11 June 1997; Revised 29 August 1997

Copyright © 1998 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Turbomachine rotor flows may be affected by system rotation in various ways. Coriolis and centrifugal forces are responsible for (i) modification of the structure of turbulence in boundary layers and free shear layers, (ii) the generation of secondary flows, and (iii) “buoyancy” currents in cases where density gradients occur. Turbulence modification involves reduction (stabilization) or increase (destabilization) of turbulent Reynolds stresses by Coriolis forces; effects which areof special importance for the understanding and prediction of flows in radial and mixed flow pump and compressor rotors. Stabilization/destabilization effects are discussed by a selective review of the basic research literature on flows in straight, radial, rotating channels and diffusers.