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International Journal of Rotating Machinery
Volume 5 (1999), Issue 2, Pages 117-122

Secondary Flow Phenomena in an Axially Rotating Flow Passage with Sudden Expansion or Contraction

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kagoshima University, 1-21-40 Korimoto, Kagoshima 890, Japan
2Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109, MI, USA

Received 24 April 1998; Revised 9 June 1998

Copyright © 1999 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper investigates rotational effects on secondary flow in rotating flow passages with sudden expansion or contraction. Consideration is given to laminar flow. The governing boundary-layer equations are discretized by means of a finite-difference technique and numerically solved to determine the distributions of velocity vector under the appropriate boundary conditions. The Reynolds number (Re) and rotation rate are varied to determine their effects on the formation ofsecondary flows. It is disclosed from the study that: (i) when laminar flow is introduced into an axially rotating pipe with expansion, the stretch ofthe secondary flow zone is amplified with an increase in the rotation rate and Re, and (ii) in contrast, for axially rotating pipe flows with contraction, the secondary flow region is somewhat suppressed due to pipe rotation, and the change is slightly affected by the rotation rate and Re. Results may find applications in automotive and rotating hydraulic transmission lines.