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International Journal of Rotating Machinery
Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 1-13
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/S1023621X04000016

Pumping Speed Measurement and Analysis for the Turbo Booster Pump

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chien Kuo Institute of Technology, Changhua, Taiwan
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chien Kuo Institute of Technology, Changhua 500, Taiwan

Copyright © 2004 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study applies testing apparatus and a computational approach to examine a newly designed spiral-grooved turbo booster pump (TBP), which has both volume type and momentum transfer type vacuum pump functions, and is capable of operating at optimum discharge under pressures from approximately 1000 Pa to a high vacuum. Transitional flow pumping speed is increased by a well-designed connecting element. Pumping performance is predicted and examined via two computational approaches, namely the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method and the direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method. In CFD analysis, comparisons of measured and calculated inlet pressure in the slip and continuum flow demonstrate the accuracy of the calculation. Meanwhile, in transition flow, the continuum model of CFD is unsuitable for calculating such rarefied gas. The pumping characteristics for a full 3D model on a rotating frame in transition and molecular regimes thus are simulated using the DSMC method and then confirmed experimentally. However, when the Knudsen number is in the range 0.5 < Kn < 0.1, neither CFD computation nor DSMC simulation is suitable for analyzing the pumping speed of the turbo booster pump. In this situation, the experimental approach is the most appropriate and effective method for analyzing pumping speed. Moreover, the developed pump is tested using assessment systems constructed according to ISO and JVIS-005 standards, respectively. Comparisons are also made with other turbo pumps. The compared results show that the turbo booster pump presented here has good foreline performance.