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International Journal of Rotating Machinery
Volume 2005, Issue 1, Pages 60-66

A Combined Numerical and Experimental Study of Heat Transfer in a Roughened Square Channel with 45 Ribs

Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Department, Northeastern University, Boston 02115, MA, USA

Received 10 October 2003

Copyright © 2005 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Experimental investigations have shown that the enhancement in heat transfer coefficients for air flow in a channel roughened with low blockage (e/Dh<0.1) angled ribs is on the average higher than that roughened with 90 ribs of the same geometry. Secondary flows generated by the angled ribs are believed to be responsible for these higher heat transfer coefficients. These secondary flows also create a spanwise variation in the heat transfer coefficient on the roughened wall with high levels of the heat transfer coefficient at one end of the rib and low levels at the other end. In an effort to investigate the thermal behavior of the angled ribs at elevated Reynolds numbers, a combined numerical and experimental study was conducted. In the numerical part, a square channel roughened with 45 ribs of four blockage ratios (e/Dh) of 0.10,0.15,0.20, and 0.25, each for a fixed pitch-to-height ratio (P/e) of 10, was modeled. Sharp as well as round-corner ribs (r/e=0 and 0.25) in a staggered arrangement were studied. The numerical models contained the smooth entry and exit regions to simulate exactly the tested geometries. A pressure-correction-based, multiblock, multigrid, unstructured/adaptive commercial software was used in this investigation. Standard high Reynolds number kε turbulence model in conjunction with the generalized wall function for most parts was used for turbulence closure. The applied thermal boundary conditions to the CFD models matched the test boundary conditions. In the experimental part, a selected number of these geometries were built and tested for heat transfer coefficients at elevated Reynolds numbers up to 150 000, using a liquid crystal technique. Comparisons between the test and numerically evaluated results showed reasonable agreements between the two for most cases. Test results showed that (a) 45 angled ribs with high blockage ratios (>0.2) at elevated Reynolds numbers do not exhibit a good thermal performance, that is, beyond this blockage ratio, the heat transfer coefficient decreases with the rib blockage and (b) CFD could be considered as a viable tool for the prediction of heat transfer coefficients in a rib-roughened test section.