Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Rotating Machinery
Volume 2012, Article ID 184061, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/184061
Research Article

Empirical Design Considerations for Industrial Centrifugal Compressors

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53212, USA

Received 22 February 2012; Revised 29 April 2012; Accepted 30 April 2012

Academic Editor: Ashwani K. Gupta

Copyright © 2012 Cheng Xu and Ryoichi S. Amano. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. P. Singh and J. J. Vargo, “Reliability evaluation of shrouded blading using the SAFE interference diagram,” Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, vol. 111, no. 4, pp. 601–609, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. D. P. Kenny, The history and future of the centrifugal compressor in aviation gas turbine, SAE/SP-804/602, 1984.
  3. P. D. Collopy, “Surplus value in propulsion system design optimization,” AIAA-97-3159, 1997.
  4. D. Japikse, “Decisive factors in advanced centrifugal compressor design and development,” in Proceedings of the International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition (IMechE '00), November 2000.
  5. C. Xu and R. S. Amano, “Development of a low flow coefficient single stage centrifugal compressor,” International Journal of Computational Methods in Engineering Science and Mechanics, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 282–289, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. C. Rodgers and L. Sapiro, “Design considerations for high-pressure ratio centrifugal compressor,” 72-GT-71, 1972.
  7. R. H. Aungier, Centrifugal Compressors—A Strategy for Aerodynamic Design and Analysis, ASME Press, New York, NY, USA, 2002.
  8. C. Xu, “Design experience and considerations for centrifugal compressor development,” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part G, vol. 221, no. 2, pp. 273–287, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. C. Xu and R. S. Amano, “A hybrid numerical procedure for cascade flow analysis,” Numerical Heat Transfer, Part B, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 141–164, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. Xu and R. S. Amano, “Flux-splitting finite volume method for turbine flow and heat transfer analysis,” Computational Mechanics, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 119–127, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. C. Xu and R. S. Amano, “Computational analysis of pitch-width effects on the secondary flows of turbine blades,” Computational Mechanics, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 111–120, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C. Xu and R. S. Amano, “Numerical prediction of swept blade aerodynamic effects,” in Proceedings of ASME Turbo & Expo, pp. 1–9, Vienna, Austria, June 2004, GT2004-53008. View at Scopus
  13. C. Xu and R. S. Amano, “Computational analysis of swept compressor rotor blades,” International Journal of Computational Methods in Engineering Science and Mechanics, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 374–382, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. Xu and R. S. Amano, “The development of a centrifugal compressor impeller,” International Journal of Computational Methods in Engineering Science and Mechanics, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 290–301, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. C. Xu and R. S. Amano, “Computational analysis of scroll tongue shapes to compressor performance by using different turbulence models,” International Journal of Computational Methods in Engineering Science and Mechanics, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 85–99, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. C. Xu and R. S. Amano, “Study of the flow in centrifugal compressor,” The International Journal of Fluid Machinery and Systems, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 260–270, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  17. H. Krain, B. Hoffmann, and H. Pak, “Aerodynamics of a centrifugal compressor impeller with transonic inlet conditions,” in Proceedings of the International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition, June 1995, 95-GT-79. View at Scopus
  18. H. Krain, “Flow in centrifugal compressor,” von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, Ls 17, 1984-07, 1984.
  19. D. Japikse, Centrifugal Compressor Design and Performance, Concepts Eti, Wilder, Vt, USA, 1996.
  20. C. Xu and R. S. Amano, “On the development of turbomachine blade aerodynamic design system,” International Journal of Computational Methods in Engineering Science and Mechanics, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 186–196, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. E. Benini and A. Toffolo, “Centrifugal compressor of a 100 kW microturbine: part 2—numerical study of impeller-diffuser interaction,” in Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, pp. 699–705, June 2003, GT-2003-38153. View at Scopus
  22. E. Benini and A. Toffolo, “Centrifugal compressor of a 100 kW microturbine: part 3—optimization of diffuser apparatus,” in Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, pp. 707–714, June 2003, GT-2003-38154. View at Scopus
  23. J. Hoffren, T. Siikonen, and S. Laine, “Conservative multiblock Navier-Stokes solver for arbitrarily deforming geometries,” Journal of Aircraft, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 1342–1350, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. T. Siikonen, “An application of Roe's flux-difference splitting for k-ε turbulence model,” International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 1017–1039, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. M. Rai, “A relaxation approach to patched-grid calculations with the euler equations,” Journal of Computational Physics, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 99–131, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. Niazi, A. Stein, and L. N. Sankar, “Development and application of a CFD solver to the simulation of centrifugal compressors,” AIAA paper 98-0934, 1998.
  27. W. Jansen, “Rotating stall in a radial vaneless diffuser,” ASME Journal of Basic Engineering, vol. 86, pp. 750–758, 1964. View at Google Scholar
  28. Y. Senoo and Y. Kinoshita, “Influence of inlet flow conditions and geometries of centrifugal vaneless diffusers on critical flow angle for reverse flow,” ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering, vol. 99, no. 1, pp. 98–103, 1977. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. H. S. Dou and S. Mizuki, “Analysis of the flow in vaneless diffusers with large width-to-radius ratios,” ASME Journal of Turbomachinery, vol. 120, no. 1, pp. 193–201, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. Ljevar, H. C. de Lange, and A. A. van Steenhoven, “Two-dimensional rotating stall analysis in a wide vaneless diffuser,” International Journal of Rotating Machinery, vol. 2006, Article ID 56420, 11 pages, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. K. Iwakiri, M. Furukawa, S. Ibaraki, and I. Tomita, “Unsteady and three-dimensional flow phenomena in a transonic centrifugal compressor impeller at rotating stall,” in Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, pp. 1611–1622, June 2009, GT2009-59516. View at Scopus
  32. E. M. Greitzer, “Review—axial compressor stall phenomena,” ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering, vol. 102, no. 2, pp. 134–151, 1980. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. M. T. Barton, M. L. Mansour, J. S. Liu, and D. L. Palmer, “Numerical optimization of a vaned shroud design for increased operability margin in modern centrifugal compressors,” ASME Journal of Turbomachinery, vol. 128, no. 4, pp. 627–631, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. ASME, Performance Test Code on Compressors and Exhausters, PTC 10-97, 1997.
  35. R. S. Amano and B. Sunden, Thermal Engineering in Power Systems, WIT Press, 2008.
  36. O. E. Balje, Turbamachines, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1981.
  37. K. Brun and R. Kurz, “Analysis of secondary flows in centrifugal impellers,” International Journal of Rotating Machinery, vol. 2005, no. 1, pp. 45–52, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  38. R. L. Street, G. Z. Watters, and J. K. Vennard, Elementary Fluid Mechanics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1996.
  39. T. Wright, “Comments on compressor efficiency scaling with Reynolds number and relative roughness,” in Proceedings of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, June 1989, 89-GT-31. View at Scopus
  40. P. R. N. Childs and M. B. Noronha, “The impact of machining techniques on centrifugal compressor impeller performance,” in Proceedings of the International Gas Turbine & Aeroengine Congress & Exposition, June 1997, 97-GT-456. View at Scopus
  41. C. Rodgers, A diffusion factor correlation for centrifugal impeller stalling, 78-GT-61, 1978.
  42. C. Xu and R. S. Amano, “A turbo machinery blade design and optimization procedure,” GT-2002-30541, 2002.
  43. D. P. Kenny, The history and future of the centrifugal compressor in aviation gas turbine, SAE/SP-804/602, 1984.
  44. R. van den Braembussche, “Rotating stall in centrifugal compressors,” VKI Preprint 1987-16, 1987.