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International Journal of Rotating Machinery
Volume 2017, Article ID 9159516, 16 pages
Research Article

Experimental and Numerical Investigations of Surge Extension on a Centrifugal Compressor with Vaned Diffuser Using Steam Injection

1Shanghai Advanced Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China
2Division of Aerodynamics, Department of R&D, Helan Turbines, Co., Ltd., China

Correspondence should be addressed to Chuang Gao;

Received 7 February 2017; Revised 6 April 2017; Accepted 13 April 2017; Published 29 May 2017

Academic Editor: Ryoichi Samuel Amano

Copyright © 2017 Chuang Gao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper presents the first report on surge extension with steam injection through both experimental and numerical simulation. The experimental section covers the test facility, instrumentation, and prestall modes comparison with and without steam injection. It is found that surge extension is not in proportion to injected steam. There exists an upper bound above which deteriorates the margin. Injection of less than 1% of the designed mass flow can bring about over 10% margin improvement. Test results also indicated that steam injection not only damps out prestall waves, but also changes prestall modes and traveling direction. At 90% speed, injection changed the prestall mode from spike to modal, while at 80% speed line, it made the forward traveling wave become backward. Through numerical simulation, location and number of injectors, molecular weight, and temperature of injected gas are modified to explore their influences on surge margin. Similar to the test results, there exists an upper bound for the amount of steam injected. The flow field investigation indicates that this bound is caused by the early trigger of flow collapse due to the injected steam which is similar to the tip leakage flow spillage caused spike stall in axial compressors.