International Journal of Reproductive Medicine / 2016 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Women’s Health Decision-Making Autonomy and Skilled Birth Attendance in Ghana

Table 4

Binary logistic results on relationship between decision-making autonomy and place of delivery in Ghana.

VariableModel I95% CIModel II95% CIModel III95% CI

Final say on own healthcare
Respondent and others111
Respondent Alone1.27(1.09–1.48)1.49(1.26–1.77)1.20(0.98–1.48)
Final say on household large purchases
Respondent and others11
Respondent Alone0.71(0.59–0.84)0.88(0.71–1.09)
Final say on visits
Respondent and others11
Respondent Alone0.86(0.73–1.01)0.92(0.74–1.13)
Age
15–191
20–240.77(0.45–1.31)
25–290.71(0.42–1.29)
30–340.69(0.41–1.18)
35–390.83(0.49–1.41)
40–440.83(0.47–1.44)
45–490.87(0.46–1.62)
Education
No education1
Primary1.33(1.08–1.64)
Secondary2.27(1.84–2.80)
Higher/Tertiary19.39(2.67–140.94)
Religious affiliation
No religion1
Christianity1.99(1.43–2.78)
Islam2.15(1.49–3.09)
Traditionalist0.57(0.35–0.91)
Wealth Status
Poorest1
Poorer1.25(1.01–1.55)
Middle1.68(1.26–2.23)
Richer4.08(2.69–6.18)
Richest5.95(3.19–11.10)
Occupation
Not working1
Primary1.09(0.87–1.38)
Secondary1.16(0.88–1.54)
Tertiary1.37(1.08–1.75)
Marital status
Not married1
Married1.11(0.93–1.34)
Residential status
Rural1
Urban2.23(1.78–2.78)
NHIS subscription
Not subscribed1
Subscribed1.64(1.39–1.92)
Region of residence
Western1
Central0.91(0.65–1.27)
Greater Accra1.37(0.83–2.27)
Volta0.85(0.61–1.19)
Eastern0.83(0.59–1.15)
Ashanti1.51 (1.03–2.20)
Brong Ahafo1.72(1.24–2.40)
Northern0.57(0.41–0.80)
Upper east5.01(3.34–7.51)
Upper west1.61(1.13–2.30)
Partner’s occupation
Primary1
Secondary1.15(0.93–1.44)
Tertiary1.45(1.09–1.92)
Frequency of watching TV
Not at all1
Less than once a week0.86(0.70–1.07)
At least once a week1.07(0.87–1.32)
Frequency of listening to radio
Not at all1
Less than once a week1.12(0.91–1.37)
At least once a week1.52(1.24–1.88)
Frequency of listening reading newspaper
Not at all1
Less than once a week1.37(0.81–2.31)
At least once a week1.02(0.56–1.88)

Source: computed from 2014 GDHS dataset. M = Model; OR = odds ratio; value in parenthesis; confidence interval in square brackets; ref = reference; , , and .

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