Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Surgical Oncology
Volume 2012, Article ID 241512, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/241512
Review Article

Intersphincteric Resection for Low Rectal Cancer: An Overview

1st Department of Surgery, Aristotelian University School of Medicine, 55236 Thessaloniki, Greece

Received 8 February 2012; Accepted 5 March 2012

Academic Editor: Manousos-Georgios Pramateftakis

Copyright © 2012 Constantine P. Spanos. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The treatment of rectal cancer has evolved from being solely a surgical endeavor to a multidisciplinary practice. Despite the improvement in outcomes conferred by the addition of chemoradiation therapy to rectal cancer treatment, advances in surgical technique have significantly increased rates of sphincter preservation and the avoidance of a permanent stoma. In recent years, intersphincteric resection for low rectal cancer has been offered and performed in patients as an alternative to abdominoperineal resection. An overview of this procedure, including indications, oncological and functional results based on current literature, is presented herein.