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International Journal of Vascular Medicine
Volume 2010, Article ID 490241, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/490241
Research Article

A Quantitative Trait Locus on Chromosome 5p Influences D-Dimer Levels in the San Antonio Family Heart Study

1Department of Genetics, Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research, San Antonio, TX 78245-0549, USA
2Department of Pathology, University of Vermont, Colchester, VT 05446, USA
3Department of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA

Received 28 January 2010; Accepted 4 June 2010

Academic Editor: Marc A. Passman

Copyright © 2010 V. P. Diego et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. D-dimer is associated with increasing severity of atherosclerosis and with increased risk of a cardiovascular disease (CVD). Methods and Results. To better understand this risk factor, we performed a genome scan on 803 (301 males and 502 females) Mexican Americans in the San Antonio Family Heart Study (SAFHS). The SAFHS is ideal for the discovery of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) influencing CVD because CVD risk factors are prevalent in Mexican Americans of San Antonio and because the study design involves large families, which is optimal for QTL discovery. D-dimer levels were normalized in our study. We found that D-dimer levels were heritable, at about 23% heritability ( ). In a linkage analysis employing 432 microsatellite markers, we found strong evidence of a QTL on chromosome 5p with a lod score of 3.32 at 21 centiMorgans (cM). We also found suggestive evidence of a QTL on chromosome 2q with a lod score of 2.33 at 207 cM. Conclusions. To our knowledge, the putative QTL on chromosome 5p is novel. The possible QTL on chromosome 2q is discussed in relation to a recent report of linkage of a related hemostatic factor to the same location. These results warrant further investigation.