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International Journal of Vehicular Technology
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 893197, 13 pages
Research Article

Aspect of Dynamic Simulation and Experimental Research Studies on Hybrid Pneumatic Power System

1R&D Center of Vehicular Ultra Low Carbon Energy and Systems, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei 010000, Taiwan
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Economic and Technical Industries, Hanoi 000222, Vietnam

Received 24 August 2009; Accepted 6 April 2010

Academic Editor: Rakesh Mishra

Copyright © 2010 K. David Huang and Hoai-Nam Nguyen. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A Hybrid Pneumatic Power System (HPPS) has been developed for several years with the major aim of reducing the vehicle fuel consumption, environment pollution and enhancing the vehicle performance as well. Comparing with the conventional hybrid system, HPPS replaces the battery's electrochemical energy with a high-pressure air storage tank and enables the internal combustion engine (ICE) to function at its sweet spot. Besides, the HPPS, which effectively merges both the high-pressure air flow from the storage tank and the recycled exhaust flow from the ICE, thereby increases the thermal efficiency of the ICE and transforms the merged flow energy into mechanical energy using a high-efficiency turbine. This paper focuses on the major research process into HPPSs, including overall dynamic simulation and experimental validation. By using the simulation tool ITI-Sim, this research demonstrates an experiment which can be operated precisely according to the requirements of various driving conditions under which a car actually runs on the road in accordance with the regulated running vehicle test mode. HPPS is expected to increase the performance of the entire system from 15% to 39%, and is likely to replace the traditional system in the coming years.