Table of Contents
International Journal of Vehicular Technology
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 653542, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/653542
Research Article

The Effect of IntelliDrive on the Efficiency of Highway Transportation Systems

1Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
2Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA

Received 15 August 2010; Accepted 6 December 2010

Academic Editor: Zainab Zaidi

Copyright © 2011 Mohammad Nekoui et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Recently, the IntelliDrive initiative has been proposed by the US Department of Transportation (USDOT) to enhance on-road safety and efficiency. In this study, we provide a mathematical framework which predicts the effect of such technologies on the efficiency of multilane highway systems prior to their real-life deployment. Our study shall encompass mixed traffic conditions in which a variety of assisted, automated and unequipped vehicles coexist. We show that intervehicular communications improves the flow of vehicles by reducing the perception-reaction (P-R) times of drivers and, in some cases, allowing for more efficient lane-changing operations. As we shall see, unlike the latter, the former effect of IntelliDrive on driver P-R time is always there, regardless of the specific traffic conditions.