Table of Contents
International Journal of Vehicular Technology
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 853948, 14 pages
Research Article

Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Network for Transportation System Applications

1School of Computing Science, Newcastle University, Newcastle NE1 7RU, UK
2TRW Conekt, Stratford Road, Solihull B90 4AX, UK
3Process Research, Centro Ricerche FIAT, Strada Torino, 50, 10043 Orbassano (TO), Italy

Received 6 August 2010; Accepted 2 March 2011

Academic Editor: Syed R. Rizvi

Copyright © 2011 K. Selvarajah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The important innovations in wireless and digital electronics will support many applications in the areas of safety, environmental and emissions control, driving assistance, diagnostics, and maintenance in the transport domain. The last few years have seen the emergence of many new technologies that can potentially have major impacts on transportation systems. One of these technologies is Wireless Sensor Networks. A wireless sensor device is typically composed of a processing unit, memory, and a radio chip which allows it to communicate wirelessly with other devices within range. The Embedded Middleware in Mobility Applications (EMMA) project delivers a middleware that aims to facilitate the interaction between sensing technologies in transportation systems. This paper outlines our experience in the EMMA project and provides an illustration of the important role that wireless sensor technology can play in future transportation system. The paper discusses our experience of using heterogeneous sensors to develop transportation system applications in the EMMA project and focuses on how cooperation between vehicle and infrastructure can be addressed. It also presents encouraging results obtained from the experiments in investigating the feasibility of utilising wireless sensor in vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure communication in real transportation applications.