Table 4: Incidence of diseases, pests, predators, and enemies of giant honeybee (Apis dorsata) in semiarid environment of Northwest India.

Diseases, pests, predators, and enemies Description of the pathogen/pest/enemy
SymptomsCausal organism present/absentMonth of incidence/infestationPercent of colonies affectedKind of damage to the colonyGravity of damage to the colony

Viral diseaseAbsentAbsent
Bacterial disease AbsentAbsent
Fungal diseaseAbsentAbsent
Protozoan diseaseAbsentAbsent
Acarine diseaseNo specific symptom was seenTropilaelaps clareae waspresentDec–AprilAbout 20% of the old colonies (, ); none of the swarm coloniesNot sureNot sure
Wax moth infestationSeveral silken tunnels in the midrib of the combGalleria mellonella was presentFeb–May100 % of old colonies; none of swarm coloniesDestroy and devour combs Combs in badly damaged state
Predatory wasp(s)/birdsNot seen Absent
Other enemiesNot seenAbsent

—: incidence did not take place;  = Total number of colonies observed;  = Number of colonies showing the presence of mites.