Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases / 2008 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Probiotic Bacteria Influence the Composition and Function of the Intestinal Microbiota

Table 1

Beneficial properties reported for probiotic bacteria.

Host benefit Microbial trait implicated Reference1

Immune modulation
Stimulation of immunity Enhance T-cell numbers and activity levels[13]
Dampening of inflammationPromote anti-inflammatory cytokine production[14]
Pathogen burden reductionCompetitive exclusion[15]
Direct antagonism[16, 17]
Uncharacterised[18, 19]
Improved gut barrier functionPromote gut barrier integrity[20]
Reduced cancer riskDetoxification of carcinogenic metabolites[21]
Reduced atopic allergy symptomsSuppression of hypersensitivity[22]
Reduced cardiovascular disease riskCholesterol reduction by deconjugation of bile salts[23, 24]
Production of anti-hypertensive peptides[25]
Alleviation of dietary intoleranceCatabolism of dietary ingredients[26]
Enhanced nutrient valueVitamin and co-factor production[27]
Alleviation of IBS2 symptomsNot defined[28, 29]

1Sample reference for each trait. See main text for review references,2Irritable bowel syndrome.

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