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Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 679129, 6 pages
Research Article

Hand Hygiene Practices among Medical Students

Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Qassim University, P.O. Box 6655, Buraidah 51452, Saudi Arabia

Received 28 May 2012; Revised 7 August 2012; Accepted 13 August 2012

Academic Editor: Diamantis Kofteridis

Copyright © 2012 Azzam al Kadi and Sajad Ahmad Salati. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Hand hygiene is a cost-effective method in preventing infection transmission. Hand hygiene practices have been found to be faulty in most healthcare settings. We conducted a study to evaluate the awareness, and compliance of hand hygiene among undergraduate medical students during their clinical phase in Qassim College of Medicine, Saudi Arabia. Methods. A questionnaire based on World Health Organization’s concept of “Five Moments for Hand Hygiene” was used to evaluate the awareness of the indications for hand hygiene and compliance was observed during Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) sessions. Sixty students including thirty-six males (60%) and twenty-four females (40%) participated voluntarily in the study. Results. The average awareness regarding the positive indications of hand hygiene was 56%. Rest of the 44% of students were either not sure or unaware of the indications of hygiene. Only 29% of students were able to identify all the five indications for hand hygiene in the questionnaire. Compliance as assessed during OSCE sessions was only 17% with no significant difference between the genders. Conclusion. It was concluded that serious efforts are needed to improve the hand hygiene practices among medical students.