Table of Contents
ISRN Veterinary Science
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 132897, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/132897
Research Article

Prevalence of Bovine Brucellosis and Risk Factors Assessment in Cattle Herds in Jigawa State

1Animal Reproduction Unit, Jigawa Research Institute, Kazaure, Jigawa State, Nigeria
2Department of Veterinary Surgery and Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, P.O. Box 720 Zaria, Kaduna state, Nigeria
3Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, P.O. Box 720 Zaria, Kaduna state, Nigeria
4National Animal Production Research Institute Shika, Ahmadu Bello University, P.O. Box 720 Zaria, Kaduna state, Nigeria

Received 2 November 2011; Accepted 7 December 2011

Academic Editor: I. López Goñi

Copyright © 2011 Farouk U. Mohammed et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A serological survey of Brucella antibodies was carried out in Jigawa State, northwestern Nigeria to determine the prevalence of the disease and risk factors among some pastoralist cattle herds. A total of 570 cattle of different ages and sexes selected from 20 herds across the four agroecological zones in the state were screened using Rose Bengal Plate test and competitive enzyme immunoassay. From the results 23 cattle (4.04%) were positive by Rose Bengal Plate Test while 22(3.86%) were positive with competitive enzyme immunoassay. The infection rate was higher in females than males. Cattle older than 3 years had a higher prevalence rate compared to age groups 2-3 years, 1-2 years, and less than 1 year. The prevalence rate was higher in cattle densely populated locations. Infection rate differs between herds with larger herds presenting high prevalence due to poor sanitary practice. It is hereby recommended that public enlightenment on adequate control and preventive measures using proper sanitary practice and calf hood vaccination are required.