Table of Contents
ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2011, Article ID 140310, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/140310
Review Article

Endometriosis and Ovarian Cancer: A Systematic Review

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, The Rosie Hospital, Cambridge University Hospital NHS Trust, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK

Received 1 April 2011; Accepted 21 May 2011

Academic Editors: J. M. Goldberg, R. Kimmig, and W. Yeung

Copyright © 2011 Ahmad Sayasneh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Epidemiology and aetiology of endometriosis, Annual Evidence Update(2009), Women’s Health Specialist Library, 2010, http://www.library.nhs.uk/womenshealth/ViewResource.aspx?resID=307258.
  2. J. A. Sampson, “Endometrial carcinoma of the ovary arising in endometrial tissue in that organ,” Archives of Surgery, vol. 10, pp. 1–72, 1925. View at Google Scholar
  3. R. B. Scott, “Malignant changes in endometriosis,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 283–289, 1953. View at Google Scholar
  4. E. Somigliana, P. Vigano', F. Parazzini, S. Stoppelli, E. Giambattista, and P. Vercellini, “Association between endometriosis and cancer: a comprehensive review and a critical analysis of clinical and epidemiological evidence,” Gynecologic Oncology, vol. 101, no. 2, pp. 331–341, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  5. J. Akers, R. Aguiar-Ibáñez, A. Baba-Akbari Sari et al., Systematic Reviews: CRD’s Guidance for Undertaking Reviews in Health Care, NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, YorK, UK, 2009.
  6. C. B. Del Mar and P. P. Glasziou, ‘Antibiotics for sore throat’ (Cochrane review) in The Cochrane Library Issue 3, 1999 (Oxford) Glasgow appraisal tool, Systematic Review Study Group, http://ssrc.tums.ac.ir/SystematicReview/Glasgow.asp.
  7. R. B. Ness, “Endometriosis and ovarian cancer: thoughts on shared pathophysiology,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 189, no. 1, pp. 280–294, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. P. Vigano, E. Somigliana, F. Parazzini, and P. Vercellini, “Bias versus causality: interpreting recent evidence of association between endometriosis and ovarian cancer,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 88, no. 3, pp. 588–593, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  9. F. Nezhat, M. S. Datta, V. Hanson, T. Pejovic, C. Nezhat, and C. Nezhat, “The relationship of endometriosis and ovarian malignancy: a review,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 90, no. 5, pp. 1559–1570, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  10. A. Baldi, M. Campioni, and P. G. Signorile, “Endometriosis: pathogenesis, diagnosis, therapy and association with cancer (Review),” Oncology Reports, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 843–846, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  11. N. F. Vlahos, K. P. Economopoulos, and S. Fotiou, “Endometriosis, in vitro fertilisation and the risk of gynaecological malignancies, including ovarian and breast cancer,” Best Practice and Research: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 39–50, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  12. H. Kobayashi, “Screening, epidemiology, molecular biology, and treatment strategies for endometriosis-associated ovarian cancer,” Reproductive Medicine and Biology, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 17–22, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. A. B. Hill, “The environment and disease: association or causation?” Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine, vol. 58, pp. 295–300, 1965. View at Google Scholar
  14. R. B. Ness, D. W. Cramer, M. T. Goodman et al., “Infertility, fertility drugs, and ovarian cancer: a pooled analysis of case-control studies,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 155, no. 3, pp. 217–224, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. L. A. Brinton, E. J. Lamb, K. S. Moghissi et al., “Ovarian cancer risk associated with varying causes of infertility,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 82, no. 2, pp. 405–414, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  16. H. Kobayashi, K. Sumimoto, N. Moniwa et al., “Risk of developing ovarian cancer among women with ovarian endometrioma: a cohort study in Shizuoka, Japan,” International Journal of Gynecological Cancer, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 37–43, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  17. A. Aris, “Endometriosis-associated ovarian cancer: a ten-year cohort study of women living in the Estrie Region of Quebec, Canada,” Journal of Ovarian Research, vol. 3, no. 1, article no. 2, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  18. C. Borgfeldt and E. Andolf, “Cancer risk after hospital discharge diagnosis of benign ovarian cysts and endometriosis,” Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, vol. 83, no. 4, pp. 395–400, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  19. L. A. Brinton, G. Gridley, I. Persson, J. Baron, and A. Bergqvist, “Cancer risk after a hospital discharge diagnosis of endometriosis,” American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol. 177, no. 5, pp. 1274–1275, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  20. A. Melin, P. Sparen, I. Persson, and A. Bergqvist, “Endometriosis and the risk of cancer with special emphasis on ovarian cancer,” Human Reproduction, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 1237–1242, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  21. A. Melin, P. Sparén, and A. Bergqvist, “The risk of cancer and the role of parity among women with endometriosis,” Human Reproduction, vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 3021–3026, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  22. F. Modugno, R. B. Ness, G. O. Allen, J. M. Schildkraut, F. G. Davis, and M. T. Goodman, “Oral contraceptive use, reproductive history, and risk of epithelial ovarian cancer in women with and without endometriosis,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 191, no. 3, pp. 733–740, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  23. R. B. Ness, J. A. Grisso, C. Cottreau et al., “Factors related to inflammation of the ovarian epithelium and risk of ovarian cancer,” Epidemiology, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 111–117, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. J. E. Olson, J. R. Cerhan, C. A. Janney, K. E. Anderson, C. M. Vachon, and T. A. Sellers, “Postmenopausal cancer risk after self-reported endometriosis diagnosis in the Iowa Women's Health Study,” Cancer, vol. 94, no. 5, pp. 1612–1618, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  25. K. J. Rothman and C. Poole, “A strengthening programme for weak associations,” International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 955–959, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  26. L. A. Brinton, E. J. Lamb, K. S. Moghissi et al., “Ovarian cancer risk associated with varying causes of infertility,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 82, no. 2, pp. 405–414, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  27. P. Vercellini, F. Parazzini, G. Bolis et al., “Endometriosis and ovarian cancer,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 169, no. 1, pp. 181–182, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  28. E. Oral, S. Ilvan, E. Tustas et al., “Prevalence of endometriosis in malignant epithelial ovary tumours,” European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, vol. 109, pp. 97–101, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  29. R. Sainz De La Cuesta, J. H. Eichhorn, L. W. Rice, A. F. Fuller, N. Nikrui, and B. A. Goff, “Histologic transformation of benign endometriosis to early epithelial ovarian cancer,” Gynecologic Oncology, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 238–244, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  30. T. Toki and K. Nakayama, “Proliferative activity and genetic alterations in TP53 in endometriosis,” Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation, vol. 50, pp. 33–38, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  31. S. Ogawa, T. Kaku, S. Amada et al., “Ovarian endometriosis associated with ovarian carcinoma: a clinicopathological and immunohistochemical study,” Gynecologic Oncology, vol. 77, no. 2, pp. 298–304, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  32. P. Vercellini, G. Scarfone, G. Bolis, G. Stellato, S. Carinelli, and P. G. Crosignani, “Site of origin of epithelial ovarian cancer: the endometriosis connection,” British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 107, no. 9, pp. 1155–1157, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  33. H. Jimbo, H. Yoshikawa, T. Onda, T. Yasugi, A. Sakamoto, and Y. Taketani, “Prevalence of ovarian endometriosis in epithelial ovarian cancer,” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 245–250, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. M. Fukunaga, K. Nomura, E. Ishikawa, and S. Ushigome, “Ovarian atypical endometriosis: its close association with malignant epithelial tumours,” Histopathology, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 249–255, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  35. A. Fishman, D. Demirel, R. Laucirica et al., “Malignant tumors arising in endometriosis: clinical-pathological study and flow cytometry analysis,” European Journal of Obstetrics Gynecology & Reproductive Biology, vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 69–74, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  36. Y. Wu, Z. Basir, A. Kajdacsy-Balla et al., “Resolution of clonal origins for endometriotic lesions using laser capture microdissection and the human androgen receptor (HUMARA) assay,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 710–717, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  37. A. G. Goumenou, D. A. Arvanitis, I. M. Matalliotakis, E. E. Koumantakis, and D. A. Spandidos, “Microsatellite DNA assays reveal an allelic imbalance in p16Ink4, GALT, p53, and APOA2 loci in patients with endometriosis,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 75, no. 1, pp. 160–165, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  38. S. W. Baxter, E. J. Thomas, and I. G. Campbell, “GSTM1 null polymorphism and susceptibility to endometriosis and ovarian cancer,” Carcinogenesis, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 63–65, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  39. R. Sainz De La Cuesta, M. Izquierdo, M. Canamero, J. J. Granizo, and F. Manzarbeitia, “Increased prevalence of p53 overexpression from typical endometriosis to atypical endometriosis and ovarian cancer associated with endometriosis,” European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, vol. 113, no. 1, pp. 87–93, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  40. D. M. Dinulescu, T. A. Ince, B. J. Quade, S. A. Shafer, D. Crowley, and T. Jacks, “Role of K-ras and Pten in the development of mouse models of endometriosis and endometrioid ovarian cancer,” Nature Medicine, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 63–70, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  41. A. H. Prowse, S. Manek, R. Varma et al., “Molecular genetic evidence that endometriosis is a precursor of ovarian cancer,” International Journal of Cancer, vol. 119, no. 3, pp. 556–562, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  42. S. Hayrabedyan, M. Mourdjeva, S. Kyurkchiev, and I. Kehayov, “Immunofluorescent localization of Il-1α, FGF-1, S100A13 as angiogenic factors and a specific ovarian cancer marker (ovac) in endometriosis,” Clinical Application of Immunology, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 310–315, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  43. Y.-C. Chou, Y.-J. Chen, C.-R. Lai, P.-H. Wang, Hsin-Chan, and C.-C. Yuan, “Cyclooxygenase-2 expression is higher in ovarian cancer tissue adjacent to endometriosis than in ovarian cancer without comorbid endometriosis,” European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, vol. 124, no. 1, pp. 101–105, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  44. M. Keita, P. Bessette, M. Pelmus, Y. Ainmelk, and A. Aris, “Expression of interleukin-1 (IL-1) ligands system in the most common endometriosis-associated ovarian cancer subtypes,” Journal of Ovarian Research, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1757–2215, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  45. K. C. Wiegand, S. P. Shah, O. M. Al-Agha et al., “ARID1A mutations in endometriosis-associated ovarian carcinomas,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 363, no. 16, pp. 1532–1543, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed