Table of Contents
ISRN Oncology
Volume 2011, Article ID 208929, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/208929
Review Article

Cardiac Tumors

1Second Department of Cardiology, Athens University Medical School, Attikon University Hospital, 1 Rimini St, 12462 Athens, Greece
2Second Department of Cardiology, Hellenic Red Cross Hospital, 1 Erythrou stavrou St, 11526 Athens, Greece

Received 17 March 2011; Accepted 20 April 2011

Academic Editors: A. E. Bilsland and M. L. Stracke

Copyright © 2011 Ioannis A. Paraskevaidis et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Cardiac tumors represent a relatively rare, yet challenging diagnosis. Secondary tumors are far more frequent than primary tumors of the heart. The majority of primary cardiac tumors is benign in origin, with primary malignant tumors accounting for 25% of cases. Metastatic tumors usually arise from lung, breast, renal cancer, melanomas, and lymphomas. Clinical manifestations of cardiac tumors depend on the size and location of the mass and the infiltration of adjacent tissues rather than the type of the tumor itself. Echocardiography is the main diagnostic tool for the detection of a cardiac mass. Other imaging modalities (C-MRI, C-CT, 3D Echo) may offer further diagnostic information and the establishment of the diagnosis is made with histological examination. Management depends on the type of the tumor and the symptomatology of the patient.