Table of Contents
ISRN Nanotechnology
Volume 2011, Article ID 259543, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/259543
Research Article

Quantum Mechanical Investigation of the Electric and Thermal Characteristics of Magnetic Compound Fluid as a Semiconductor on Metal Combined with Rubber

Faculty of Symbiotic Systems Science, Fukushima University, 1 Kanayagwa, Fukushima 960-1296, Japan

Received 14 February 2011; Accepted 28 March 2011

Academic Editors: L. Y. Khomenkova and K. N. Trohidou

Copyright © 2011 Kunio Shimada. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

By applying our developed intelligent fluid, magnetic compound fluid (MCF), to silicon oil rubber, we have made the MCF rubber highly sensitive to temperature and electric conduction. MCF is useful as an element material in haptic robot sensors and other related devices. By mixing metal particles in the silicon oil rubber and by applying a strong magnetic field to the rubber, high-density clusters of these particles can be formed. In a previous study, we investigated the electric current resulting from the applied voltage. In the present paper, we discuss the capacitance of the MCF rubber. The capacitance as well as the electric current can be explained by quantum theory and behaves as a semiconductor. Regarding the thermal characteristics, in the present paper, the thermal effect on the electric current and the temporary thermal conductivity differ depending on the applied pressure to the MCF rubber and based on the formation of the magnetic clusters. We also explained the tendency of the electric current and the temporary thermal conductivity during the application of heat under low pressure using quantum mechanics theory and clarified the material behavior as a semiconductor based on the thermal characteristics as well as the electric characteristics.