Table of Contents
ISRN Dentistry
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 297132, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/297132
Review Article

Finite Element Analysis Applied to Dentoalveolar Trauma: Methodology Description

1Biotechnology Postgraduate Department, Federal University of Ceará, Sobral, CEP 62042-280, Brazil
2Dentistry Department, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, CE 60020-181, Brazil
3Mechanical Engineering Department, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, CE 60020-181, Brazil

Received 15 March 2011; Accepted 4 May 2011

Academic Editors: H. S. Kho and I. Lewinstein

Copyright © 2011 B. R. da Silva et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Dentoalveolar traumatic injuries are among the clinical conditions most frequently treated in dental practice. However, few studies so far have addressed the biomechanical aspects of these events, probably as a result of difficulties in carrying out satisfactory experimental and clinical studies as well as the unavailability of truly scientific methodologies. The aim of this paper was to describe the use of finite element analysis applied to the biomechanical evaluation of dentoalveolar trauma. For didactic purposes, the methodological process was divided into steps that go from the creation of a geometric model to the evaluation of final results, always with a focus on methodological characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages, so as to allow the reader to customize the methodology according to specific needs. Our description shows that the finite element method can faithfully reproduce dentoalveolar trauma, provided the methodology is closely followed and thoroughly evaluated.