Table of Contents
ISRN Endocrinology
Volume 2011, Article ID 342071, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/342071
Research Article

Factors Associated with Healthcare Services Utilization and Pharmacological Treatment in Individuals with Diabetes Diagnosis: Lessons from a Nationwide Program for Diabetes Mellitus Detection in Brazil

Programa de Pós Graduação em Epidemiologia, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Avenida Anita Garibaldi, 1921/607, 90480-201 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil

Received 26 August 2011; Accepted 4 October 2011

Academic Editors: C. Anderwald and W. B. Chan

Copyright © 2011 Maria Isabel Fischer et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The Brazilian Nationwide Population Screening Program for Diabetes, conducted in 2001, diagnosed 346,168 new cases. Although unexpected, approximately 65,000 previously diabetic individuals participated. We describe their characteristics compared to new cases, based on data obtained by a follow-up study of a subsample of 4991 positively screened from a representative sample of 90,106 individuals. Two groups were analyzed regarding factors associated with adherence to treatment, healthcare services utilization, and compliance to pharmacological treatment: 497 with newly diagnosed diabetes and 257 individuals with previous diabetes diagnosis who were not under treatment at the screening program. For this group, healthcare service utilization was lower when compared with the new cases (OR = 0.06; 95% CI: 0.03–0.12). Diabetes status (OR = 0.23; 95% CI: 0.14–0.37), a healthy behavior score (OR = 0.53, 95% CI: 0.34–0.83), and glucose levels at screening (altered, OR = 5.01; 95% CI: 2.38–10.6 and likely and very likely DM OR = 11.2; 95% CI: 6.85–18.4) were independently associated with pharmacological treatment.