Table of Contents
ISRN Pharmacology
Volume 2011, Article ID 362459, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/362459
Review Article

Bioremediation of Pharmaceuticals, Pesticides, and Petrochemicals with Gomeya/Cow Dung

1Department of Pharmacology, Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab 143001, India
2Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab 143001, India

Received 30 January 2011; Accepted 22 March 2011

Academic Editors: F. J. Miranda and T. B. Vree

Copyright © 2011 Gurpreet Kaur Randhawa and Jagdev Singh Kullar. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Use and misuse of pharmaceuticals, pesticides, and petrochemicals by man is causing havoc with nature, as they persist as such or as their toxic metabolites. These pollutants bioaccumulate in environment, and they ultimately reach man through various means. They are hazardous because of potential toxicity, mutagenicity, carcinogenicity, and genotoxicity. To rejuvenate nature, remediation methods currently available are usually expensive and might convert one toxic pollutant to another. Bioremediation methods use naturally occurring microorganisms to detoxify man-made pollutants so that they change pollutants to innocuous products that make soil fertile in the process. Taking cue from Ayurveda, Gomeya/cow dung is used as an excellent bioremediation method. Thus, utilizing freely available cow dung as slurry or after composting in rural areas, is a cheap and effective measure to bioremediate the harmful pollutants. Yet, more research in this direction is warranted to bioremediate nonbiodegradable, potentially toxic pollutants.