Table of Contents
ISRN Dentistry
Volume 2011, Article ID 406714, 8 pages
Clinical Study

Evaluation of Impacted Mandibular Third Molars by Panoramic Radiography

1Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Career Institute of Dental Science and Hospital, Sitapur-Hardoi Bypass, Dubagga, Lucknow, India
2Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sharad Pawar Dental College, Sawangi (Meghe), Maharashtra, Wardha, India
3Smile Care Dental Clinic, Purani Bazar, Karwi, Chitrakoot, UP, India

Received 11 August 2010; Accepted 21 September 2010

Academic Editor: I. Magnusson

Copyright © 2011 Siddharth Gupta et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objective. The study was to evaluate impacted mandibular third molars (IM3M) for their angulation, level of eruption, third molar space and relation of inferior alveolar canal with their roots. Methods. Total 988 IM3M were studied in 578 individuals of age 18 years and above, dividing them into three groups i.e. symptomatic, asymptomatic and radiographic only. Individuals were also divided according to age, sex and side of IM3M (right or left). Panoramic radiographs were obtained after written consent and traced. 2 -test was applied to check inter-group and intra-group significance. Result. Out of 578 individuals 307 (53.11%) were males and 271 (46.89%) females. Maximum number of IM3M were in 18-27 years age group (398 i.e. 68.89%). Out of 988 IM3M, 39.93% were vertically placed. 61.84% IM3M were found at level A. Class II (79.65%) was the most common relation for third molar space. Notching (12.55%) was most common true inferior alveolar canal and IM3M root relation whereas superimposed (41.80%) was most common false inferior alveolar canal and IM3M root relation. For all the criteria significant inter-group difference was found (considering 𝑃 < . 0 5 ) and intra-group difference was non significant. Conclusion and significance. Panoramic radiographs can be used as reliable investigation for evaluation of IM3M.