Determination of Alterations in Forest Condition Using Various Measures of Land Use Change along an Urban-Rural Gradient in the West Georgia Piedmont, USA
Standard ANOVA values and means (±SE) for forest stand structure variables collected in “West Georgia”1.
Tukey-Kramer HSD comparisons
Prob > F
Total number of trees >10 cm dbh ha
Total number of hardwoods /ha
Total number of pines /ha
Hardwood : Pine ratio
Total number of tree species
Mean dbh (cm) of all mature trees
Basal Area (m2/ha)
Median age of stand
% Peak canopy cover
Mean upper canopy height (m)
Mean subcanopy height (m)
Total number of trees 2.5–l0cm dbh
Mean number of saplings 0.635–2.5cm
Mean number of seedlings <0.635cm
% Woody stems/ha
% Herbaceous plants/ha
% Leaf litter/ha
% Bare ground/ha
1SE = standard error of the mean; = number of study sites sampled; Mean values in a row with different letters are significantly different () based on Tukey-adjusted least squares means.
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