International Scholarly Research Notices / 2011 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Determination of Alterations in Forest Condition Using Various Measures of Land Use Change along an Urban-Rural Gradient in the West Georgia Piedmont, USA

Table 2

Standard ANOVA values and means (±SE) for forest stand structure variables collected in “West Georgia”1.

Standard ANOVA Tukey-Kramer HSD comparisons
VariableMean squareProb > F Urban
( 𝑛 = 4 )
Developing
( 𝑛 = 4 )
Rural
( 𝑛 = 4 )

Total number of trees >10 cm dbh ha190480.37 3 9 1 . 6 7 ± 7 5 . 6 9 5 2 3 . 3 3 ± 4 2 . 6 0 4 9 3 . 3 3 ± 7 2 . 7 5
Total number of hardwoods /ha294480.04 2 6 5 . 0 0 ± 5 6 . 5 3 (a) 4 3 0 . 0 0 ± 3 3 . 1 7 (b) 3 8 8 . 3 3 ± 1 5 . 9 6 (a, b)
Total number of pines /ha61000.51 1 2 6 . 6 7 ± 2 3 . 7 3 6 3 . 5 8 ± 2 7 . 6 3 1 3 5 . 0 0 ± 7 0 . 5 2
Hardwood : Pine ratio75780.28 2 . 9 0 ± 0 . 2 6 8 9 . 5 9 ± 5 2 . 2 8 5 3 . 1 2 ± 3 3 . 4 0
Total number of tree species11.190.04 4 . 6 7 ± 0 . 5 4 (a) 8 . 0 0 ± 1 . 0 3 (b) 6 . 5 8 ± 0 . 5 8 (a, b)
Mean dbh (cm) of all mature trees77.780.07 3 1 . 3 3 ± 3 . 0 0 2 3 . 2 5 ± 1 . 2 9 2 4 . 2 2 ± 2 . 2 1
Basal Area (m2/ha)35.680.41 3 6 . 0 9 ± 3 . 2 9 3 0 . 1 2 ± 3 . 8 5 3 2 . 8 6 ± 1 . 2 7
Median age of stand87.740.36 4 5 . 8 1 ± 4 . 3 9 4 0 . 7 1 ± 4 . 1 5 5 0 . 0 6 ± 4 . 4 9
% Peak canopy cover135.830.15 8 2 . 2 8 ± 6 . 0 2 9 1 . 0 0 ± 2 . 1 6 9 3 . 3 3 ± 1 . 1 6
Mean upper canopy height (m)2.310.92 2 6 . 5 3 ± 2 . 0 5 2 5 . 2 7 ± 3 . 4 7 2 5 . 1 6 ± 2 . 1 3
Mean subcanopy height (m)7.460.44 1 8 . 4 6 ± 1 . 7 0 1 6 . 5 6 ± 1 . 4 5 1 5 . 8 2 ± 1 . 0 7
Total number of trees 2.5–l0cm dbh4159690.14 2 4 4 . 1 7 ± 1 6 1 . 8 0 8 7 5 . 0 0 ± 2 8 1 . 6 0 6 7 5 . 8 3 ± 1 4 8 . 9 2
Mean number of saplings 0.635–2.5cm595.470.41 3 0 . 5 6 ± 1 6 . 7 6 3 1 . 6 7 ± 1 2 . 6 2 5 2 . 2 2 ± 4 . 3 0
Mean number of seedlings <0.635cm4.840.47 1 . 8 0 ± 0 . 8 5 3 . 3 3 ± 0 . 9 8 3 . 9 3 ± 1 . 6 4
% Woody stems/ha0.110.56 0 . 4 0 ± 0 . 1 8 0 . 6 4 ± 0 . 2 3 0 . 7 1 ± 0 . 2 0
% Herbaceous plants/ha124.920.29 1 6 . 3 8 ± 5 . 7 8 6 . 1 5 ± 1 . 9 4 7 . 3 8 ± 5 . 3 6
% Leaf litter/ha34.010.77 8 8 . 8 3 ± 6 . 0 1 9 0 . 1 7 ± 7 . 1 0 9 4 . 4 2 ± 3 . 0 7
% Bare ground/ha33.540.58 3 . 7 9 ± 2 . 9 7 7 . 9 2 ± 5 . 8 2 2 . 3 3 ± 1 . 0 1

1SE = standard error of the mean; 𝑛 = number of study sites sampled; Mean values in a row with different letters are significantly different ( 𝑃 < . 0 5 ) based on Tukey-adjusted least squares means.

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.