Table of Contents
ISRN Nanotechnology
Volume 2011, Article ID 480970, 5 pages
Research Article

Influence of Mass and Heat Transfer on Morphologies of Metal Oxide Nanochannel Arrays Prepared by Anodization Method

1School of Material Science and Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130, China
2Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China

Received 16 June 2011; Accepted 18 July 2011

Academic Editors: I.-C. Chen, B. Coasne, and C. Malagù

Copyright © 2011 Xixin Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We discuss the influence of mass and heat transfer on the morphologies of Al, Ti, and Zr nanochannel arrays during anodization process. When these metals are anodized, the nanopores are firstly formed at the metal surface, and the nonuniform distribution of mass transfer in the pores results in the increase of pore depth. The nonuniform temperature distribution and the downward movement of reaction interface lead to the temperature changes and the generation of microcracks inside the pore wall, which results in the conversion of nanopores into nanotubes. The low-valency oxides also make the middle of the pore wall crack easily. The morphologies during metal anodization depend greatly on the temperature at the reaction interface. At low interface temperature, it appears to form the nanopores more easily, and, at high interface temperature, it is more propitious to form the nanotube structure. Many factors including resistivity, thermal conductivity, oxidizing reaction heat, and electric field strength (or current density) affect the reaction interface temperature.