Table of Contents
ISRN Nursing
Volume 2011, Article ID 510692, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/510692
Research Article

Screening for Intimate Partner Violence against Women in Healthcare Sweden: Prevalence and Determinants

1Division of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, 17176 Stockholm, Sweden
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Södersjukhuset, 18883 Stockholm, Sweden
3Department of Clinical Science and Education, Karolinska Institutet, 17176 Stockholm, Sweden

Received 26 September 2011; Accepted 31 October 2011

Academic Editor: S. Keeney

Copyright © 2011 Stephen Lawoko et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We assessed the extent to which healthcare providers at a large healthcare facility in Sweden screen for intimate partner violence against women and the determinants of such screening. Data on frequency of screening, readiness to screen on many dimensions (using the Domestic Violence Healthcare Provider Survey Scale), demographic and occupational characteristics were administered electronically to 217 healthcare providers. We found that only 50% of participants had during the past 3 month screened for IPV at least once, and screening activity was marked with inequalities in measured individual characteristics. Participants of female gender and of doctor/nurse occupation were more likely to screen than male and midwife peers, respectively. Healthcare providers who perceived high efficacy in handling IPV issues, low fears of offending clients, professional preparedness, and with availability of support networks for IPV victims were more likely to screen for IPV. Implications of these findings for interventions are discussed.