Table of Contents
ISRN Nursing
Volume 2011, Article ID 534803, 7 pages
Research Article

Tanzanian Nurses Understanding and Practice of Spiritual Care

1Tanzania Institute of Higher Education, The Aga Khan University, P.O. Box 38129, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
2Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, 3rd Floor Clinical Sciences Building, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2G3

Received 5 March 2011; Accepted 19 April 2011

Academic Editors: A. Kenny and A. B. Wakefield

Copyright © 2011 Khairunnisa Aziz Dhamani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Spirituality, as a basic characteristic of humans and a contributor to human health, is regarded as part of nursing practice. The purpose of this study was to examine how Tanzanian nurses understand spirituality and spiritual care. Using the qualitative method of interpretive description, fifteen registered nurses engaged in clinical practice in a Tanzanian hospital were recruited to participate in this study. In-depth interviews using open-ended questions were carried out, tape-recorded, and transcribed verbatim. Data collection and inductive analysis occurred concurrently. In this paper, key findings are grouped under the following headings: meaning of spiritual care, recognition of spiritual needs, and interventions to respond to spiritual needs. Although there were some differences, overall participants’ understanding of spirituality and spiritual care was similar to what is found in the literature about nurses in other countries. The provision of spiritual care also included some unique elements that may reflect the African context.