Table of Contents
ISRN Ceramics
Volume 2011, Article ID 542104, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2011/542104
Research Article

Yttrium Oxide Nanoparticles Prepared by Heat Treatment of Cathodically Grown Yttrium Hydroxide

1Material Research School, NSTRI, P.O. Box 14395-836, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Chemistry, Science Faculty, Golestan University, P.O. Box 49138-15739, Gorgan, Iran

Received 11 August 2011; Accepted 7 September 2011

Academic Editors: V. Fruth, Y.-C. Liou, and Y. Waku

Copyright © 2011 Mustafa Aghazadeh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

An easy two-step synthetic route is reported for the manufacture of yttrium oxide nanoparticles utilizing aqueous yttrium nitrate solution. In the first step, yttrium hydroxide precursor was grown on stainless steel electrode using a simple cathodic electrodeposition at room temperature. The subsequent second step includes the thermal decomposition of yttrium hydroxide powder at different temperatures for two hours. The synthesized products were characterized by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), differential scanning calorimetery (DSC), FT-IR and Raman spectroscopy. Results showed that the as-deposited Y(OH)3 is composed of nanoparticles with grain size of approximately 40–50 nm. Cubic-structured Y2O3 phase with a porous morphology was finally formed when temperature was raised to 600°C. Results suggested that the final oxide nanoparticles are crystalline and consist only of yttrium oxide phase forming agglomerates of many primary particles with average diameter around 30 nm.